Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Research Methods used in Educational Psychology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the study from "Instructional Practices during Reading", the researchers observed the framework of certain instructional practices and subsequent teacher and student behavior. Additionally, researchers sought to establish whether these particular practices exist as a result of the student's at risk condition versus those practices implemented in non-Titled classrooms (Stichter, Stormont, and Lewis 173).The participants of the study consisted of 35 teachers who volunteered and a total of 723 of their students grades K-5 from four schools in a mid-sized Missouri city- two of which were classified as Title One (totaling 15 classrooms, 279 students) and two non-Titled (totaling 20 classrooms,…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.8% of users find it useful
Research Methods used in Educational Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Research Methods used in Educational Psychology"

Article Review: "Instructional Practices and Behavior during Reading: A Descriptive Summary and Comparison of Practices in Title One and Non-Title Elementary Schools"
Article Review
In the study from "Instructional Practices during Reading", the researchers observed the framework of certain instructional practices and subsequent teacher and student behavior. Additionally, researchers sought to establish whether these particular practices exist as a result of the student's at risk condition versus those practices implemented in non-Titled classrooms (Stichter, Stormont, and Lewis 173).The participants of the study consisted of 35 teachers who volunteered and a total of 723 of their students grades K-5 from four schools in a mid-sized Missouri city-- two of which were classified as Title One (totaling 15 classrooms, 279 students) and two non-Titled (totaling 20 classrooms, 444 students). The researchers collected data on the demographics of the students during the sample school year, but also gathered information about the teachers' educational backgrounds (Stichter, Stormont, and Lewis 174).
As outlined in the article, descriptive and statistical analyses were performed to assemble applicable data and results. This study also integrated in an experimental group for comparison by observing the Title I students but also the non-Titled. Each teacher was observed for a total of 5 hours (totaling 175 hours) of reading instructional time. The Settings Factor Assessment Tool (SFAT), an ecobehavioral protocol, was used to measure a range of variables during the observational periods. Among the 4 Levels included in the SFAT, Levels 2-4 were used to verify factors such as the context of instruction; prompt, feedback, and instructional characteristics; non-instructional talk; and behaviors exhibited across the students. Levels 2-4 were then coded in real-time using the Multiple Option Observation System for Experimental Studies (MOOSES) (Stichter, Stormont, and Lewis 175). Statistical analyses were then performed to establish the relationship between the factors described with the SFAT and the status (Title I or non-Titled) of the classroom.
The findings of the study revealed that, on a whole, the teachers at the two Title I schools "spent more time engaged in non-instructional talk, in transition, giving negative feedback, and incurred more students exiting their classrooms during literacy classes than did their counterparts in the non-Titled schools" (Stichter, Stormont, and Lewis 179). However, all four schools exhibited the teachers delivering negative prompts when the students were entering or exiting the classrooms. Teachers were also more likely to engage in talk unrelated to the coursework during these transitioning periods. Furthermore, it has been supported through research that K-5 students involved in small groups and peer tutoring prove beneficial; even though only a small percentage of the class times observed included these types of learning contexts. Off-task behavior was also observed in which the teacher was occupied in other tasks without providing any directives to the students (Stichter, Stormont, and Lewis 179).
The results of this study gain insight into instructional practices utilized by teachers and examine the differences between those used in Title I and non-Titled classrooms. Within the Title I classrooms, some instances of undesirable teacher behavior were reported in which the instructional time was not fully being used for literacy. This behavior, in turn, subtracts from these students education in the subject. Researchers can use these findings to incorporate better instructional frameworks into schools with at risk students ensuring them a quality education. This study allows for further research into why the different statuses between schools allowed for less strict instructional practices. In addition, it can be further discussed as to how teachers can minimize on non-instructional talk and transition time and maximize on productive, on-task learning.
The goal of research in educational psychology is to consistently exercise and educate on what makes an effective teacher and how to convey the knowledge of the teacher onto very different and unique students. Teachers need to be aware of current research and objective techniques to determine what practices are successful for teaching and enabling students to become lifelong learners. The article, "Instructional Practices during Reading", shows evidence of this persistence to steadily improve the educational system and begs the question how can at-risk students receive a comparable education.
Works Cited
Lewis, Timothy, Stichter, Janine P., & Melissa Stormont. "Instructional Practices and Behavior
during Reading: A Descriptive Summary and Comparison of Practices in Title One and
Non-Title Elementary Schools". Psychology in the Schools. 46.2 (2009) 172-183. Web.
Slavin, Robert E. Educational Psychology: Theory and Practice. Ninth Ed. (2008) Allyn &
Bacon. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Research Methods used in Educational Psychology Essay”, n.d.)
Research Methods used in Educational Psychology Essay. Retrieved from
(Research Methods Used in Educational Psychology Essay)
Research Methods Used in Educational Psychology Essay.
“Research Methods Used in Educational Psychology Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Research Methods used in Educational Psychology

Developmental Psychology/ Research Methods

... needs have been covered, from discounts for health services to workplace discrimination. Older people who have a comfortable pension will normally be able to afford the material needs. There are senior citizens associations which afford them some support. However, we could do more, particularly for their psychological needs. Older people need to feel needed. Social programs which could tap into their knowledge and experience, for instance, could benefit both them and society in general. Describe the quasi-experimental research method in detail. Design and describe an experiment that uses this approach. Cleary define the independent and dependent variables as well as how you will assess these different measures. Make sure to discuss why...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Psychology-Research Methods

.... Quasi-Experimental. A method used “when [the researcher] can exert some, but not complete, control over important variables” (Zechmeister et al., 2009, p. 38). Like experiments, quasi-experimental attempt to establish cause-and-effect relationship with a less tighter control of the environment. Single case. A method “often used in the context of clinical psychology, in which the psychologist wishes to describe, predict, understand, and treat the problems faced by a client” (Zechmeister et al., 2009, p. 38). This method attempts to explain and change the behavior of a single participant or patient. The results of a single case study can be applied to a limited number of other participants. Methods, Rationale, and Usage Case 1. Since...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Methods Of Educational Research

... Methods of Educational Research Introduction Before starting any research, it is necessary for the to choose the most efficient research methodology in his study. There are many research methods that exist but the researcher must choose the most appropriate method that will suit his research. The researcher ought to consider various factors such as time and costs to be incurred in the research method. The subject of the research should be the determining factor of the research method to be used. Good researchers usually analyze various research methods before making a decision on the method they are likely to use during their research process. Questionnaire Questionnaires are defined as formulated questions that are structured...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Research Methods of Psychology

...? Research Methods of Psychology Part Basic research Basic research involves increasing and expanding the understanding of human beings, but it is not aimed at inventing or coming up with new inventions. An example of basic research is when a specialist tries to find out facts such as the manner in which the universe began, the facts on the specific genetic code of the fruit fly and lastly, the comportment in which the lime molds reproduce (Nestor & Schutt, 2012). Applied research Applied research is conducted and aimed at solving practical problems of the current world instead of obtaining acquaintance and failing to apply it accordingly. Researchers conducting applied research have a goal of improving the human condition in the world...
3 Pages(750 words)Coursework

Research Methods & Analysis in Psychology

...? Research Methods & Analysis in Psychology RESEARCH METHODS & ANALYSIS IN PSYCHOLOGY A variable refers to what is being measured,being collected information on, or being formed groups for to conduct the study and give answers to questions. A variable is something whose value can be different in the research subject and differ from constants in that constants always have the same values. Since the constant remains the same for all, it is more important to define the variables since they are the things being investigated in the research. There are three main types of variables; independent variables, dependent variables, and confound variables. A failure in controlled experiments to isolate the variables could seriously compromise...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Research methods (psychology)

...Running Head: Research methods (psychology) Research Methods (Psychology) of the of the Research methods (psychology) Cell phone ring tones have become a new shape of stress and noise pollution. Russian scientists have delineated a condition called microwave sickness, characterized by increased agitation (emotional upheavals) in combination with nervous exhaustion, fatigue, muscle weakness, reduced intellectual activity, absentmindedness and inability to concentrate, increased sensitivity to external factors such as noise and bright light, disturbed dreaming or sleeplessness, headaches, attacks of giddiness or dizziness, unstable gait, cold hands and legs, heart problems (palpitations, fast or slow heart beat), breathing problems...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Research Methods in Psychology

...Order #236150 Methodology Evaluation and Measurement This study will make use of the survey method of research as it is aimed at finding out if theparticipants understood the way with which Sufficiency Economy Philosophy is applied to their organization. Evaluation and measurement Chart INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT Procedure Figure 1. The paradigm shows the intention of the present study to determine whether the different organizations in Thailand apply the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy. The researcher made survey questionnaire that will be used to gather the corresponding informational statistics. Thirty (30) questions were formulated to draw information which the participants must rate according...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Research Methods in Cognitive Psychology

... et. al., 2000, p. 204). Just like memory, decision making also requires a lot of concern especially using the previous data to determine the situation that may come when several decisions are to make, in decision making and memory, cognitive balance plays a great role within the global community (Gazzaniga et. al., 2002, p. 51). There are factors that influence decision making, including but not limited to a variety of cognitive biases, past experiments, commitment and also sunk outcome. Other factors include socio economic status, age and believe in personal relevance. Comparison and Contrast Decision making and memory Considering the two processes involved in the research, both cognitive psychology fields requires the use...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Research Methods in Psychology

...Running Heading: Research Methods in Psychology Research Methods in Psychology SUMMARY OF DISSERTATION The dissertation in question dwells on student disabilities and examines the student participation in high school. The study also takes into consideration the instructor perception regarding the academic performance and intellectual disabilities of students. The dissertation has used mainly the case study method in the research, while content analysis and grounded theory are also partially used. Research Problem The main research problem that the study aims to examine is the intellectual disabilities of students and the way it effects student participation in high school. The aim of the study is to understand the nature of student’s...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Psychology research methods

...RESEARCH METHODS USED BY PSYCHOLOGISTS By s + s Introduction Psychology research method refers to scientific methods used by the psychologist to conduct studies and research on human behavior. The researcher should follow scientific method of researching which include: drawing of hypothesis from the topic interested in, determine the method of collecting data that also involve designing an experiment, examining the data that have been collected and drawing conclusion and then preparing a report for the findings. The method to be used depends on the source of information they are drawn on, how the information is sampled and the means used to collect data. The goal of the researcher is to find measure and explain behaviors, to understand...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Analysis of the Methods of 3 Research Papers about Child Abuse

Research ethics was maintained as the identity of the individuals participating was kept secret. As far as the validity of the study was concerned, the researchers attempted to use content validity in order to get an accurate response. The content validity focused on measuring off the ethnicities and gender percentages within the area and attempting to get a random sample of individuals via the phone. Their approach to random calling allowed for a significant random sample in the study. There were a few issues, however, with this type of approach. Those answering the phone sometimes were not always the desired individual, and not all of the desired people were surveyed. Different replacements did have to be used, and the attempt w...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Using Computers to Teach Mathematics is Better than Traditional Methods

...Using computers to teach Mathematics is better than traditional methods Computer technology has changed the face of education, and is a useful tool in the teaching of other subjects as well with Mathematics being no exception. Various calculating devices have long been used in Mathematics, but the computer offers an even greater potential. Some teachers are reluctant to use computers, for example on the grounds that it is an expensive option and not every child has access to one at home, but its prevalence nowadays means that students should be given the opportunity to use computers in their Mathematics lessons. They have the advantage of being able to make complex calculations much quicker, demonstrate graphical visualisations, instilling...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Alternative Methods of Accounting

Accounting has always been a self-regulated profession. After the 2nd half of the 20th-century changes in accounting occurred due to the influence of private organizations such as the FASB.  In the United States, accountants followed the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to guide their everyday work. Accounting is a discipline that is very strict in its ways and does not welcome change well. In the aftermath of the Enron and WorldCom scandal, the government had to force change with the creation of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 due to a lack of trust in financial information. 

The efficient market hypothesis states that securities are typically in equilibrium and that they are fairly priced in th...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Research Methods used in Educational Psychology for FREE!

Contact Us