Nobody downloaded yet

Public Policy and Education - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In any organized government, some type of control must be maintained. This is the purpose of public policy, a method by which both legal and political constraints or limitations are set up by the government in order to create boundaries for the population to follow…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.9% of users find it useful
Public Policy and Education
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Public Policy and Education"

Download file to see previous pages In the United States, education has been the responsibility of state governments, and local politics have a great deal to do with determining public policy. Even so, the federal government has recently intervened, and the state government bodies in some cases resent this intervention. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislature of 2001 initiated by President George W. Bush has created controversy in every area of educational public policy. Special interest groups and organizations are focusing on areas such as special education, literacy, teacher certification, religion, scientific research, and lack of funds, which means that those most influential in the field of education are presently acting as political lobbyists. With the growing intervention of the federal government in education, politics rises to the forefront, even more than it has in past years.
In an effort to show how various factions of education influence public policy, this paper will cover the areas noted above, noting specific controversies. Two areas in which state education policies are quite different are in New York State and in California. Because of this, different methods of applying federal policies have been necessary.
In New York State, the Education Department is under the control of the University of the State of New York (USNY). USNY is the most complete interconnected system of educational services in the United States. It is not the same as the State University of New York (SUNY), which is the State's system of public colleges and universities. The Board of Regents heads USNY and sets overall educational policy for the State. The Board appoints a Commissioner of Education who heads the State Education Department and also serves as the president of USNY (Mills, 2007). This system revolves around education as a separate entity, and this allows for more political freedom to make decisions.
In California, the State Board of Education (SBE) is the governing and policy making body of the California Department of Education. Unlike the New York State system in which the Board of Regents appoints a Commissioner of Education, the Governor appoints the members of the SBE (California, 2007). In this process, politics determine changes in public policy.
No Child Left Behind
According to Christopher T. Cross (2004), the "evolution of the federal role in education is a study in American politics" (Chapter 1, p. 1). Special interest groups in the last part of the twentieth century have covered a broad range of interests-bilingual education, women's studies, African American studies, and prayer in the classroom, to name a few. At present, recognition of these issues has been incorporated into the NCLB law, which has been in effect since 2002.
Cross believes that federal policy in education will have an increasing impact in the coming decades and calls for policymakers and practitioners to gain a better understanding of the history of U.S. education and the future role of a federal Department of Education. He covers 50 years of federal education policy in his book and discusses the most recent effort in this field-the No Child Left Behind law of 2001, which he considers the catalyst for change brought about in this country by "consistent ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Public Policy and Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(Public Policy and Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Public Policy and Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Public Policy and Education

Public Policy

...? Public policy al Affiliation Public policy The term public can be defined in many ways, one of which is that something relating to the whole population, or a group of people that share a specific unique characteristic, say a geographical region, for example, a country, county, state etc. Policy can be defined as a course of action set by and followed by the management of individual entities or countries. Public policy can, therefore, be defined as a system of laws, regulations, courses of action, and financing priorities concerning a given topic put in place by a government entity or its appointees, and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Public Policy here here here NAPWA’s Public Policy Agenda NAPWA, The National Association of People with Aids is a group dedicated to being the voice of individuals living with HIV/AIDS in America (Lesieur). NAPWA’s importance goes back to its founders “NAPWA was founded in 1983 by individuals with AIDS who were a part of the Patient Advisory Committee of the Second National Aids Forum held in Denver, Colorado” (Calderon) The founders of NAPWA are important because in a time when no one would advocate on their behalf (individuals with HIV/AIDS) they advocated for themselves. Before NAPWA the face of HIV/AIDS was almost always associated with homosexuality and drug users. NAPWA’s presence afforded those with...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper


...with citizens is necessary for governments so as to manage the democracy building process effectively. It is also important to meet the expectations of the people who really provide the governments with the governing legitimacy. Unfortunately, most of the countries have not ensured such a social contract and it is one of the major reasons the democratic system is struggling globally. Though today governments worldwide try to promote public participation in policy making, such efforts fail to meet their goals due to lack of dialogue between people (Smith 2003. As scholars point out, dialogue is an integral element of the participative democracy. Over the centuries after the time of Plato, the dialogic...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Education and Public Policy

...? Education and Public Policy of Introduction For quite some time, the connection to and attitude of U.S. citizens towards public education has been rather contradictory. For an illustration, while many support and fight for publicly supported education, this support does not go further than this with regards to the public functions attached to education. In addition, human rights movements and policies have been quite detached from education. Attachment of education to human rights and industrialization are two of the common areas in which the work of the education sector has been somewhat detached (Beitz, 2009). This paper explores and compares the industrial and rights education regimes and the reasons for the formation... for this...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Public Policy

...Can Policy Network Analysis offer more than a of the Policy Process How Policy Network Analysis is used to analyze policy In the study of policy network analysis as a useful tool in policy research, four main approaches are commonly used: the rational choice approach, personal interaction approach, formal network analysis, and structural approach (Marsh & Smith, 2000). This simply refers to the different elements and biases that go into the crafting of a public policy. Each of these approaches has its own strength and advantages but all four fail to recognize that any attempt to use policy networks as an explanatory variable involves three dialectical relationships - one between structure and agency, another between network... on the...
26 Pages(6500 words)Coursework

Public Policy

...Reentering the world after incarceration can be a challenging task. One which was incarcerated should be prepared to reenter into society in order to be a productive, constructive individual. Skills such as education, parental skills, how to gain employment and financial management should be taught to prisoners that are ready for release. Also, initiatives should be available that provide emotional support to children and families that are affected by incarceration. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, over 50% of prisoners will be have a brush with the law within 3 years ( There are many culprits to this statistics such as lack of education, no gainful employment skills,...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Public Policy- Environmental Policy

...of resource and their impact. Critical value of restoring as well as enhancing environmental quality to the welfare and progress of man are well emphasized. The role of stakeholders- Federal Government, public and private organizations in using practicable measures and means that include technical and financial assistance to promote the welfare and maintain states under which nature and man can coexist in a productive way to fulfil the economic, and social needs of future and present generations .The policy was to directly educate the Americans that, safe, aesthetically- culturally pleasing, healthful, productive, safe, important historic, and natural aspects of our heritage,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Public Policy

...who live in poverty could be raised from that level into success, but in order to do that a number of different factors need to change. Neighborhood regeneration, public transportation, equal school opportunities, and better infrastructure on the whole would all contribute to better opportunities for those who are poor. This is not the problem, however. The problem is that there is a belief that poverty is a state of criminality and does not deserve resources because of its nature. Addressing this issue will begin meaningful change. Public Policy In order to address public policy through changing social policy about the poor, it is...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Public Policy

.... On the other hand, learning institutions will also be essential in utilizing and in the management of the acquired resources. A part from the learning institutions, the social service department as well as public health department will as well participate in the implementation of Proposition 30 Conclusion The Proposition 30 will for seven years drastically increase personal income tax rate for California people. On the other hand, the plan is as well expected to boost state sales tax rate in the subsequent four years. The resources which will be acquired by this plan are as well expected to considerably boost the education sector as well as the health sector. Therefore, despite of the obvious side...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Public Policy

...that the policy provides. Unhealthy citizens act as a burden to the government. They disturb the government from its main agenda of growth and development for the benefit of all people. Therefore, limiting some freedom by the policy is necessary in this case. The policies that are acceptable are those that have been drafted with the citizens of United States in mind. These are policies that are aimed at making the lives of the citizens much better. However, policies that are unacceptable are those that aim at benefiting just a fraction of the citizens. These are policies that are discriminatory and which go against the spirit of the US...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Public Policy and Education for FREE!

Contact Us