It is generally considered that a fully democratically accountable government should be able to respond to the needs of its citizens (Fukuda-Parr & Kumar, 2009). Whether this is actually the case in practice, however, it is often suggested that in the UK, politicians must often balance both the needs of citizens as well as the preferences of their political parties. …
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This study will compare and analyse the relationship between politics and public policy in the democratic systems of Denmark and the UK, between the years 1975-2005. Such a broad time frame is necessary in order to carry out an effective comparison which cannot be adequately done over a shorter period. This broad timeframe will, however, be restricted to an analysis of education and healthcare policy in each country. Comparative politics have greatly distinguished between the majoritarian and proportional democracies of the UK and Denmark, and this will be an important aspect to focus on when analysing the influence of politics on public policy (Jacobs & Shapiro, 2000). Beyond the type of democracy embodied by a particular government, its underlying main function (among others) is to promote human and economic development (Cypher & Diaz, 2009).
However, despite this underlying function, the type of democracy a government embodies has an effect on the way in which politicians function (Hall & Taylor, 1996), because different democratic systems have different legislative and decision making processes (Mulligan et al, 2003). The nature of the rules within different democratic systems can greatly affect how much influence the opposition has, hence ensuring that political leaders from the ruling party do not abuse their majority advantage through the exercise of unfettered control, as is the case in many African democracies (Cartwright, 1983). In application to Denmark, it appears that public opinion has greater influence over public policy because of the constant threat of elections and the higher degree of party competition. Government (particularly the executive) is thus more open to public influence. In majoritarian democracies such as the UK, public influence on the government is evident though to a lesser degree. This is most likely due to domination of the ruling party with little oppositional threat. This evident difference between the Danish and British systems makes the examination of the influence of politics on public policy more effective and insightful. This paper will examine the extent to which politics affect public policy in the areas of health and education, depending on the political system of a country. The study will either confirm or refute the suggestion that politics have an influence on public policy in those policy areas. Significance of the Study This study is very important because it would help to throw more light on the complex question that is on many British lips today. Over the years, the British public has begun asking questions if the politicians elected into posts of responsibility are in office to work for the people or their political parties. The reason is that over the years, the level of inequality has continued to grow not just in Britain, but also in many
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Thus, public health includes performance in relation to the series of policies pertaining to vaccination, nourishment, tobacco, alcohol and drugs among other aspects. Apart from the mentioned factors, public health policy is also known to encompass pregnancy, children health and medical recovery.
Likewise, big media outfits have been able to expand globally establishing news bureaus on major corners of the world. This has provided them with an effective platform to launch news coverage on almost any part of the world. Indeed, the media industry has been one of the early takers of globalization.
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Policy Making and Contemporary Governance in the United Kingdom. Governance is referred to an exercise of authority and a system of management or government which is an issue of concern in all organizations including large corporations to small governmental agencies ranging from profit to non-profit organizations.
After the Second World War, Transnational Corporations (TNCs) replaced the colonial companies that traded on behalf of nations in foreign territories (Letto-Gilles, 2005). Thus, these business entities replaced the imperialist mining and plantation owners in foreign territories.
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European Union educational policies and programs are examined as well as United Kingdom's compliance with EU policies. The Lisbon strategy and other educational/vocational initiatives are explored as well. Finally, recommendations for policy changes will be detailed and explained.
United Kingdom Sports Policy
It involves some physical exertion and skills and also acts as an active pastime as well as recreation. (Sport, 2004). It has to be governed by a set of rules as there is competitive interaction between people or within the community.
Indeed, real estate is no exception.
For the past few years, the state's population continues to grow as more and more immigrants choose New Jersey as a favorable place to live. It takes pride in its good climate, good housing and highly competitive institutions, sports facilities and mass transport systems.
Opioids such as heroin and morphine exert their effects by mimicking naturally occurring substances, called endogenous opioid peptides or endorphins. The diverse functions of this system include the best known sensory role, prominent in inhibiting responses to painful stimuli; a modulatory role in gastrointestinal, endocrine, and autonomic functions; an emotional role, evident in the powerful rewarding and addicting properties of opioids; and a cognitive role in the modulation of learning and memory.
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