Nobody downloaded yet

Edward EvansPritchard's contribution to anthropological theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Physical Anthropology: deals with the evolution of our bodies over time and our adaptations to the local environment. It also studies the differences and inter-population relationships. This field also focuses on our transition process from our non-human ancestors i.e…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.5% of users find it useful
Edward EvansPritchards contribution to anthropological theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Edward EvansPritchard's contribution to anthropological theory"

Download file to see previous pages Modern anthropologists also study their home societies.
Archeology: this branch, like cultural anthropology deals with the diversity in human behavior in the past. The only difference between the two being that the population in question no longer exists and hence is not physically available for observation and participation. Archeologists have to rely on artifacts, art forms and other remnants of an extinct culture in order to reconstruct history.
Linguistic Anthropology: deals with the study of diversity in human language and communication methods between time periods and areas. Linguistic anthropologists analyze the development of languages over time, how contemporary languages differ, how they are related and the link between language and other aspects of a culture.
Come to think of it most sciences study an aspect of humans in some way or the other. Take history, biology, chemistry, psychology, sociology and economics for example. There is an element, which sets the subject of anthropology a step aside from the rest of the sciences and that is the anthropological perspective, which consists of three components:
1. Cross -cultural or comparative: anthropology studies humans in every form of body and behavior. The entire spectrum of human aspects and comparing the aspects to one another helps analyze what is possible and necessary for humans.
2.Holistic: this component attempts to relate and correlate the parts of a culture to each other as well as to the parts of other cultures. It analyses the occurrences of combinations, relation of a particular culture to its environment and adaptations.

3.Relativistic: this perspective is the breeding ground for all existing controversies within the anthropological perspective. The idea being conveyed is that the value systems and customs pertaining to a particular culture are relative to that specific culture. In plain English, sauce for the goose may not be sauce for the gander! There is nothing such as right values and wrong values. Right and wrong is a very subjective issue, which has different interpretations and different meanings in different cultures.

In dealing or communicating with other cultures we cannot automatically assume that the level of understanding is uniform between us and another individuals. It is always safer to assume that there is none. The principles of anthropology strictly guard against being judgmental of a particular culture. For example, certain practices among the locals of an area may come across as weird, amusing or even loathful to us but we must keep in mind that there might be a rational and a reasoning for any tradition to occur even though the logic might not be acceptable to our thinking. Malinowski initiative to understand " the native point of view" is the present day fundamental to socio-cultural anthropology. To understand a cultures concepts, traditions, and behaviors, we must push aside our preconceived notions about the same and take into consideration what these concepts mean to the people of a community.

The emphasis on fieldwork is another aspect, which makes the subject of anthropology unique among other sciences in the sense that it involves "real time" observations. The concept of participant ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Edward EvansPritchard's contribution to anthropological theory Essay”, n.d.)
Edward EvansPritchard's contribution to anthropological theory Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526257-edward-evanspritchards-contribution-to-anthropological-theory
(Edward EvansPritchard'S Contribution to Anthropological Theory Essay)
Edward EvansPritchard'S Contribution to Anthropological Theory Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526257-edward-evanspritchards-contribution-to-anthropological-theory.
“Edward EvansPritchard'S Contribution to Anthropological Theory Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1526257-edward-evanspritchards-contribution-to-anthropological-theory.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Edward EvansPritchard's contribution to anthropological theory

Thomas Kuhn`s Pradigm theory

.... These databases are capable of data input, map data storage, data queries, data retrieval and display of mapping data according to user’s requirement. All these functions are integrated in a system. Due to the development of mapping databases, digital mapping was available in 1980s. Hence, a new paradigm and a “new normal science” was formed in the 1970s to 1980s. Since the early 1980's to 1990's, due to technical limitations, financial problems and lengthy process of database development for mapping, the expansion of the database was restricted. This marked another era of crisis and scientific revolutions, fitting in with Kuhn’s theory. In the mid-1990s, with the advancement of...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Edward Gibbon and his contribution to Historiography

...? Edward Gibbon and his contribution to historiography Edward Gibbon and his contribution to historiography The importance of history and its research is of great importance in understanding the course of events of the past that affect us in the contemporary society. Gaining an understanding of the writings presented by historians is vital in this endeavor, but also quite critical is gaining an understanding of their thought process, attitudes of life and inspirations for delving into such discussions or topic; this is what drives the study of Edward Gibbon, an acclaimed historian whose work remains relevant through a the study of history. In order to know more about him comprehensively, we have to answer questions about who he... ...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Neils-Erik Andreasen`s Adam and Adapa: Two Anthropological Characters

...?Discussion Neils-Erik Andreasen’s “Adam and Adapa: Two Anthropological Characters” focuses on the parallelism between two widely known characters.The author concludes that though there might seem to be a close relationship to the stories of Adam and Adapa, there is a clear distinction between the two and that they cannot be the same or very much closely related accounts. He proceeded sternly to state that “parallels do indeed exist between Adam and Adapa, but they are seriously blunted by the entirely different contexts in which they occur” (1981, p.92). The article is mainly geared towards disproving claims to the verity of a great parallelism in the characters. It was written as an answer to other academic articles inclined... to this...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Foucaults Contribution to Punisment Theory

...Running head: Examine Foucault's contribution to the study of punishment Examine Foucault's contribution to the study of punishment [The name of the writer appears here] [The name of institution appears here] Examine Foucault's contribution to the study of punishment For Foucault in Discipline and Punish and The History of Sexuality the relationship between discursive systems of knowledge and power and domination becomes critical. Unlike Marxists, he sees no one set of factors as directing human destiny. Rather, he represents power in terms of a multiplicity of force relations throughout the entire social formation. Foucault's central critique of traditional approaches to power...
9 Pages(2250 words)Book Report/Review

Edward Said Colonial Discourse Theory

...Edward Said’s pioneering work of colonial dis theory, Orientalism, was also a precursor of post-colonial studies that emerged powerfully in thelast decade of Twentieth Century. By analyzing the ways in which Europe viewed the nations they subjugated, he fashioned out a new field of study that was intent on recognizing the difference between the real ‘orient’ and the ‘orient’ that was the creation of European fantasy. The only way in which the oriental nations could inform the world about the possibilities of their identity which are neglected in such discourses and to demystify the mythical orient was to speak for itself, or to bring to light the truth which is missing in the already existing notions...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Anthropological Research

... Submitted: Anthropological Research The affinity group in this research will be Micronesians who spent a lot of time under American rule and have sub groups like Carolines, Marshalls and Marianas. The important aspect in the affinity group is that they have US colonial rule as common experience and have diverse evolutions for their other identities. The interest in studying the above-mentioned group is that they are affected by US rule and the sub groups have enough diversity. The obstacles regarding study of this group can be overcome by the lot of research and academic work available on the group. The ethical consideration in this paper is considering Micronesia as a culture and studying the group keeping in mind the sub groups... and the...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Proposal

Anthropological Theory

...Anthropology: Anthropological History Affiliation The Danger of Mistaking Concepts for Actual Things The author, (Wolf, E. R., 1982), in his idea of connections critically examines that the world is a manifold that is made up of processes that are interconnected. He further asserts that these interconnections are subject of inquiries, which threaten to disassemble them, turn them to bits, and fail to turn them back to reality. The author asserts that terms such as “nation”, “society” and “culture” are name bits, which threaten to turn names into things. He further points that it’s only through an understanding of the interconnections and relationships of these names is when we can get a true picture and understanding of such names...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Freud''s theory

...Freud’s Theory Applied Here are some ways Freudian theory can be applied to this boy’s case. Freudian theory talks about the conscious and the unconscious mind. the conscious mind involves everything a person is aware of; while, the unconscious mind involves things that lie outside of awareness, like desires, wishes, past memories, etc. The concept of the unconscious mind can be applied in the given case in a sense that the boy might have experienced bully in his childhood, or he might have seen his father bullying his mother. The bullying he experienced influenced his behavior that he became violent toward others or toward females if he saw his mother getting bullied in the past. It got...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Aristotle's Theory

... Aristotle against Epiphenomenalism In the modern scientific knowledge, epiphenomenalism is a teaching, considering the mind and consciousness as phenomena, which only accompany physiological processes (Robinson). Epiphenomenalism suggests that mental processes do not play an active role in a causal link defining various physiological states. The mind-body problem is being examined through the denial of the significance of mental processes in the physiological functioning of the body. Analyzing the philosophy of Aristotle, one can argue that he does not support epiphenomenalism. Despite the fact that Aristotle believes that the soul exists until there is a body, the philosopher recognizes activity of the mental processes... Aristotle against...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Sigmund Frued's theory

... with a client, his boss surprisingly blasts him for his inappropriate behavior with the client. The therapy would focus on the state of consciousness of the latent content, in which the dream analysis explores the hidden meaning of the dream. This can help unlock his suppressed emotions that deny him the ability to escape his oral fixation and learn to interact with people appropriately. In Freudian therapy, self-help brings about healing. Normally, the best a therapist can do is to offer advice on self-help, but provide no further assistance. Reference Freud, S. (2008). General Psychological Theory: Papers on Metapsychology. New York: Simon and Schuster.... Sigmund Freud Theory Sigmund Freud Theory Hank...
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Edward EvansPritchard's contribution to anthropological theory for FREE!

Contact Us