Nobody downloaded yet

Scientific Management and Bureaucracy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
2 An organization is a complex ensemble of structure, processes, strategies, polices, people and its objectives. All things under ensemble decide how an organization reaches its objectives. The assessment criteria leading to the conclusion of having met the organizational objectives lead to further discussion on bringing about changes in the individual elements of the ensemble…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.6% of users find it useful
Scientific Management and Bureaucracy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Scientific Management and Bureaucracy"

Download file to see previous pages Same can be observed for scientific management based organization structure. Both bureaucracy and scientific management structures are very interesting, evolved and comprehensive. Despite their respective merits and demerits they are still widely chosen forms of organizational structures the globe over. In the following paragraphs we examine each of these structures in some details focusing on their main features, merits and demerits and the specific type of settings where these can be preferred structures.
The rationalization process is the practical application of knowledge to achieve a desired end. It leads to efficiency, coordination, and control over both the physical and the social environment. Weberian general theory of rationalization forms the basis for evolution of bureaucratic form of economic organization. Marxists sociologist had detected rationalization in factory settings and the several labor related concerns associated with it. Weber observed and extended rationalization to almost all social spheres - politics, religion, economic organization etc. Rationalization refers to increasing human mastery over the natural and social environment. ...
Weberian sociology is conceptualized on the metaphysics of rationalization which eventually converts capitalist society into a system of interconnected bureaucracies. According to Weberian definition of rationalization in economic organization it was simply manifest in the organization of the factory in the bureaucratic form with the calculation of profit by systematic accounting procedures. In ethical connotations it essentially meant an increased reliance on discipline and training in society as a whole, the spread of bureaucracy, state control and administration. Thus bureaucracy held centre stage in Weberian sociology.
Weber defines bureaucracy as "a hierarchal organization designed rationally to coordinate the work of many individuals in the pursuit of large scale administrative goals" (Haralambous, 1985).Its main features are a hierarchal structure based on commonality of codified purpose, specialization in the form of well defined division of labor which runs under a power system termed 'rational - legal authority'( based on the concept of domination prevailing in democratic societies and belief in the legality of certain rules. Those who issue the rules are seen as entitled to do so. It is possible to know which rules are formally correct, imposed by accepted procedures. This power authority system creates an impersonal order). That is each stratum expects the authority of higher strata and, in turn, exercises the same downstream for common purposes. Each bureaucracy position is gained by ability and competence. The 'consistent system of codified and abstract rules' and norms are adhered to and administered with an intent of 'moralistic impersonality'. At its best bureaucracy has an almost a machine like character - each parts ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Scientific Management and Bureaucracy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Scientific Management and Bureaucracy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Scientific Management and Bureaucracy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Scientific Management and Bureaucracy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Scientific Management and Bureaucracy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Scientific Management
...?Question: Discuss to what extent the application of scientific management has been adapted in the 21st century, to overcome its limitations Introduction Scientific management is a management theory that examines and coordinates work flows, which enhances work efficiency. The main premises of the theory were formulated in the 1880s and 1890s by Frederick Winslow Taylor (Lewis, Goodman & Fandt 2000). In the current management literature, the best possible use of scientific management runs counter to the most recent, and better business model, such as human relation management; hence,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Scientific Management
...Scientific ManagementScientific management evaluates the connection between individuals and their tasks. The purpose of this analysis is to change the work process to increase effectiveness. This management approach was very useful in the 19th century. However, people criticize it because of the current advance management processes. Frederick Taylor introduced this management system. Even though some organizations still use the scientific management, it has many limitations that influence the work environment negatively. Additionally, its principles are not applicable in the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
..., representative bureaucracy and punishment-centered bureaucracy. Mock bureaucracy involves the rules which are rarely enforced routinely and have nothing to do with the objective of the organization. No-smoking rule is an example of such a case. Representative Bureaucracy involves in which all parties making an organization has interest. Rules regarding safety and injury are an example of it. As managers and workers both parties have common interest of not getting injured during work. Punishment centered bureaucracy consists of the rules which one party has imposed on the other party. These rules are generally those which involve...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Scientific Management
...Scientific Management Experimentation and Findings Developed by Frederick W Taylor in the early 20th century, Scientific Management is a science based system of organizing the operational areas of the organization so as to ensure the existence of and implement the following elements: (Wrege, 1995) Placement of the right man at the right place, at the right time. A study of the motions and material handling practices within the organization, so as to find the fastest and easiest way of carrying out an activity. The implementation of cost accounting in all areas of operation activities. De centralization of responsibility and authority so as to place a group of men under the supervision of one man. To create room for four to eight... ...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
...The METAMORPHOSIS OF BUREAUCRACY A Critical Analysis of the Prophecy of Bennis What Nostradamus was to history, Warren G. Bennis is to sociology andmanagement. The oracle of Bennis startled the pitch of management and organizations in the mid 1960s, where the inevitable extinction of bureaucracy was enunciated: “Within the next twenty-five to fifty years, we should all be witness to, and participate in, the end of bureaucracy and the rise of new social systems better able to cope with twentieth-century demands”. The term bureaucracy is generally used to refer to hierarchical structure of the workforce and management of an organization,...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Bureaucracy subdividing the government business and working as the support of the government to manage the inflexible rules of operation. So the bureaucracies are controlled by the administrative actions, as they are the arm of government; as the State holds the people together through administrative centralization. Bureaucracy is the chief control of power of the State and it empowers the urge to extend the power. Thus, the State looks for the powerful pressure to multiply and control the bureaucracies (Dolan 100). Despite the imperfections of bureaucracies today as compared to the ones existing in the previous century, they exist alongside the government in...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
...cannot monitor all affairs of the country and there is need of institutions to support the other three arms of government (Meier & O’Toole, 2006). In this case, the proponents assert that bureaucrats have technical expertise that is essential for smooth running of the country since the elected officials may not have the necessary knowledge and skills to manage certain aspects of the society such as technology development or defense of the county (Meier & O’Toole, 2006). The opponents of bureaucracy assert that public agencies assist in policy formulation and implementation since the Congress only passes the laws and allows the relevant agencies to implement such laws in terms of government policies...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
UNDERSTANDING WORK & ORGANISATIONS,Is bureaucracy and scientific management are old fashioned
... s s of Bureaucracy is ideally characterized by hierarchal structure, a formal set of rules and specialization or expertise depending on which tasks must be assigned to the staff. Furthermore, introduced by Max Weber, this style of management and governance was put forth to suit the needs of large scale organizations where the factors of timeliness, orderliness and conformity deem immense significance. Therefore, such organizations which are larger in size and also under pressure either from global competition or to undertake the executive functions of a state find it imperative to apply this form of management and governance. Since the Weberian bureaucratic model tends to incorporate higher forms of formalization and immense... ...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
... Bureaucracy A bureaucracy is a large group of people who run a government but are not elected. It also de s a way of administratively organizing a large number of people who need to work together (Merz 35). Many organizations operate in a bureaucratic way, both in the public and private sectors. The first classic feature of an ideal type of bureaucracy is the formal hierarchical structure where each level controls that which is below it. This is the basis of central planning and centralized decision-making. Second, management by rules ensures that individuals at lower levels execute decisions made by those who are in a rank above them. Third, organization by functional specialty involves specialist who perform and organize work... into...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Bureaucracy regarded an active boundary system where job descriptions are more detailed hence employees know their corresponding responsibilities. Moreover, bureaucracy operates like a machine with each of the parts working independently but supporting each other at the same time thus organization is an essential requirements and defining element. Finally, bureaucracy makes use of economies of scale to cumulate profits or to limit spending. In terms of workforce, the employees under bureaucracies are efficient proficient in their jobs because of performing specific tasks repeatedly. The interaction between management and the workforce is formal and written such that there is...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Scientific Management and Bureaucracy for FREE!
Contact Us