Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Is Parole Effective - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The concept of letting indicted prisoners out on parole has always had both its supporters and its nay-sayers. Many feel that the idea of letting known offenders out in the hope that they will not repeat their crimes against society is a little irresponsible…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
Is Parole Effective
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Is Parole Effective"

Download file to see previous pages It is with this ideological framework in mind that this paper sets out to present an informative look at the New York State's system of parole and probation.
The word 'parole' has its origins in the Latin term "probare," meaning "to prove" or "to test," and the term was coined by John Augustus ("A Brief History of Probation," 2006). The meaning of the term suggests, therefore, that parole is a chance given to a person to prove that they are deserving of the right to live in society among free people without being a threat to others or to themselves. The idea of probation is an opportunity given to a former criminal to absolve themselves of the charges against them, and to prove to the authorities, to society, and most importantly, to themselves, that they are capable of conducting themselves in a manner in which they can follow the norms of the society that they live in. (Jeffrey et al., 2003)
In terms of the history of probation, two names are definitive: John Augustus and Matthew Davenport Hill. Hill was a judge who "had witnessed the sentencing of youthful offenders to one-day terms on the condition that they be returned to a parent or guardian who would closely supervise them" ("A Brief History," 2006). Hill applied the same idea of 'guardianship' of criminal offenders to the legal system:
When he eventually became the Recorder of Birmingham, a judicial post, he used a similar practice for individuals who did not seem hopelessly corrupt. If offenders demonstrated a promise for rehabilitation, they were placed in the hands of generous guardians who willingly took charge of them. Hill had police officers pay periodic visits to these guardians in an effort to tack the offender's progress and to keep a running account. ("A Brief History," 2006)
The above citation illustrates a very important aspect of probation: that not everyone is worthy of it. It is only when people in prison demonstrate, either through good conduct or because of the nature of their crimes, or for any other valid reason, that they deserve the chance to be free again, that they may be offered release on probation.
Augustus, like Hill, also came up with the idea of probation based on an analogy with another practice; in his case, he was inspired by the way in which victims of alcohol abuse can be reformed through rehabilitation. (Robert et al., 2002) Widely regarded as the world's first parole officer, Augustus was the owner of a successful boot-making business in early nineteenth-century Boston before he made his entry into the judicial system. He believed that those who had committed crimes "could be rehabilitated through understanding, kindness and sustained moral suasion, rather then through conviction and jail sentences" ("A Brief History," 2006). The first person ever to be paroled was a "common drunkard" in 1841, who "was ordered to appear in court three weeks [after his] sentencing. He returned to court a sober man [] To the astonishment of all in attendance, his appearance and demeanor had dramatically changed," ("A Brief History," 2006) and thus began the system of probation in America.
The State of New York State had the official beginning of the system of probation in 1901. by 1917, a State Division of Probation had been implemented in the State's Department of Corrections. The Division of Prob ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Is Parole Effective Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Is Parole Effective Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Is Parole Effective Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Is Parole Effective Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Is Parole Effective Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Effective Alignment of Information Technology

Considering reports and issues such as privacy regulations, data protection, risk management compliance, project management and governance, information security, business continuity management and effective corporate governance, an effective IT infrastructure seems to be the primary tool for the implementation of practical and strategic solutions. An updated IT infrastructure is important for improving corporate governance and shareholder returns (Kaen 2003; Trites, 2004).
According to the Global Corporate Governance Principles, "Corporate governance" refers to the "relationship among various participants in determining the direction and performance of corporations. The primary participants are (1) the shareholders, (2) the m...
44 Pages(11000 words)Research Proposal

An Effective Planning Process

Managements first and the most fundamental problem is selecting the right individuals with the prospective for development. evenly important is the placement of those individuals in positions in the organizational structure where their talents are most desired.
Manpower development instigates with human resources planning also known as manpower planning, which establishes a firm's specific personnel rations. These are attained by a qualitative fortitude of the individual job specifications and of the specific characteristics required of a person for the successful performance of each job. Once these job requirements are recognized, it is essential to forecast the number of persons desired for each job. This stage of employmen...
11 Pages(2750 words)Coursework

The Effective Leader

 Instead, one accomplishes prominence by leading the field with one's ideas. If one thinks of some of the most renowned people in the field of Effective education, one knows they got to their positions not by demonstrating high scores on examinations of knowledge of books on effective education, but by being leaders with their ideas about how to educate the effective.
Effectiveness in leadership is, in large part, a function of creativity in producing ideas, analytical intelligence in assessing the quality of these sort of ideas, practical intelligence in executing the ideas and convincing others to value and follow the ideas, and wisdom to ensure that the decisions and their execution are for the common good of all stak...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

How Effective Are the Current Environment and Ethical/Social Policies of Tesco

 Tesco has been accused of indulging in unfair and monopolistic activities, unethical price of price undercutting thus creating a squeeze on the competition and the local farming community. The volumes of goods traded and retailed leave a large carbon footprint. However, Tesco has stood it is for quite some time now by creating and implementing policies for ethical and responsible for not only fending media accusations but also by stating, and implementing ethical and social policies.

According to Walley (2005), sustainable practices are best developed with an interplay of forces outside organizations like laws, regulations, and competition and organizational policies like governance, and social and ethical practic...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Effective Methods of Teaching Anatomy

Herein, comparisons will be made to highlight the differences in using anatomical models for study versus self-directed (usually textbook) learning. As well, the use of tutors as an advantage in the medical classroom will be discussed.

Some students are hands-on learners. For them, three-dimensional (3D) anatomical models are effective. “Exploratory tools enable users to investigate structures in ways not possible in the real world” (Implementing, para. 3). These 3D models can represent just about any part of the human body. Models are available of small structures, like the head, or of the entire human skeleton. Models of the entire human body can also be purchased. Some of them even have removable parts so...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

Measures of an Effective Organizational Performance

Social capital has an important role in the goal-attainment of actors through the support of relationships. Actors could either be individual people or groups such as firms and other organizations. In groups, the social relations matter most between, and not within, the groups (ibid). Apparently, it cannot be discounted that within the group and individual has social capital in associations between people, yet then the significant actors are the members of an organization, not the organization as a whole. Like physical and human capital, social capital also demands investment to construct.
Entrepreneurs and managers nowadays are venturing into the realm of social capital because of two important elements that trail with it, w...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Effective and Ineffective Evaluation Tool

It has been an endless matter of debate for decades as to which methods reap effective results and which not.
One of the most effective tools for assessing students’ annual performance has to the one with a more comprehensive approach. The feedback by the teachers is very crucial for the students. It is the assessment plan which is developed by the teachers upon the on-going students’ achievements throughout the course and not merely upon the written traditional examinations1. It is considered to be an effective assessment tool because it reflects directly on the teaching and learning process of the teachers and students respectively. Feedbacks also help the students to engage in reflective, constructive and analy...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Response of Effective Leaders to Diverse Team Environments

An effective leader is the one who adapts to the changing scenarios in terms of the team he leads and also in terms of the circumstances that the team faces. Herscovitch and Meyer (2002) have confirmed that workplaces are faced with endless change (s), and Paton and McCalman, (2000) have further stated that effective management of that change is an important competency currently required by an organization

Advancement in technology, travel options, communications and liberalization of international business regulations has incorporated numerous possibilities of conditions with diverse natures within the work environment. This trend was found to increase in the early nineties. The transference of a command-driven economy...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Effective Urban Planning

...What constitutes the aesthetic aspect of urban environments, and is this a quality of the environment which urban planning should seek to maintain and enhance? Urban planning involves the development of towns and cities that foster social connections between people and maintaining the aesthetic quality of the place. Effective urban planning is sustainable and has long-term effects on the development of the cities. These terms are normative concepts since they depict the aims of urban planning. Aesthetics is associated with a sensory experience. It encompasses the appreciation of things one like. The aesthetic quality is determined by how pleasing something is to the senses. Environmental...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Effective Practices for Teaching Children to Read

...An overview of Effective Practices for Teaching Children to Read Teaching how to read is a complex process that requires a lot of expertise and experience. It is an art and a science at the same time. Its scientific part requires that the teacher should possess the necessary skills about reading, based on scientific evidence. It is an art since it requires that the skills be applied effectively in order to achieve the best results. A difficulty comes in the actual application of the skills. A teacher may be well equipped with the scientific knowledge but may lack on the effective teaching practices, which are necessary in delivering. A teacher who knows to teach how to read is the one who associates well with the children and knows...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Is Parole Effective for FREE!

Contact Us