We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Reading Assessment for Adult ELS Learners - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Reading is one of the most difficult of all abilities. It is often the case that teachers, teacher trainers, and materials writers do not refer to research studies to support practices that they have seen "work for them" informally. Process and product of reading is affected by the reader's background and subject knowledge, their cultural knowledge and knowledge of language in which the target texts are written…
Download full paper

Extract of sample
Reading Assessment for Adult ELS Learners

Download file to see previous pages... The reasons to look for reliable evidence in support of instructional practices are to minimize some of the negative consequences of informal practitioner lore and be more effective in helping students develop as readers. This paper presents a synthesis of research on the nature of reading. In so doing, it suggests a number of ways in which our understanding of reading can be progressed and tries to highlight some important ways to test instructional practices and search for more effective outcomes. It has also examined unique aspects of processing for second language reading. From this foundation of research, the paper then explores issues that concern second language reading assessment.
There is lack of agreement among the specialist for definitions of reading. Some of available definitions for reading are development of set of habits and mastery of mechanics, ability to get fact from printed page and ability to carry on the varied and complex processes which we commonly associate with thinking (Traxler, 1944).
Many specialist prefer last view of reading because it covers not only testing of reading habits and skill in obtaining facts from printed matter but also includes the appraisal of ability to comprehend all types of reading material to form judgments, to appreciate literary quality, to apply generalization and to perform various kind of mental activity characteristic of all fields (Traxler, 1944).

Difficulties of learning
Becoming informed about difficulties for different for L2 students can assist all of us in interpreting reading research and the many assertions made about effective reading instruction, recognizing the particular demands of L2 reading and investigating pertinent concerns in our own classrooms (Grabe & stoller, 2002).
An investigation was carried out of the level of agreement on the identification of selected reading sub skills, relationship between these sub skills in terms of perceived difficulty. A summary of uniqueness estimates from within-day and across-day matrixes that result from cross validation by items in the entire sample of 988 examinees is done. It seems reasonable to prefer cross validation by items only. Sampling variation in sets of items drawn from the eight populations of comprehension skills was of chief concern in this study (Davis, 1968).

Different Skills considered were recalling word meanings (35), drawing inferences about the meaning of a word from context (-1), finding answers to questions answered explicitly or in paraphrase (13), weaving together ideas in the content (5), drawing inferences from the content (23), recognizing a writer's purpose, attitude, tone and mood (14), identifying a writer's techniques (8) and following structure of passage (15). It was noted that drawing inferences about the meaning of a word from context percentages is slightly negative (-1); presumably this is a chance deviation from a true percentage close to zero. The largest percentages of unique variance occur in the case of memory for word meanings (35). The data indicate that about 32 per cent of the non-error variance of this ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Assessment of English Language Learners
It also suggests some important reviews that are applicable on the test to make it more effective. In addition, the paper explains five alternative assessment formats that could be used to improve the test. Furthermore, it gives the important feature of each of the five alternative formats available.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
A Closer Look to Higher Educational Learning in the United States
All the articles’ basic points revolve from the concept of higher education well as with its general effect towards the society.  Pierce had said that higher education performs certain functions that cannot be done by any other segment of the society. Higher education may provide the society the ability in order to adapt and be flexible to change. 
8 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Online Education is Effective For Adult Learners
According to the report distance learning is referred to as learning that takes place between the instructor and the student and both these groups of individuals are distant to each other in the context of physical distance. Online education is a medium of providing instructions to students by teachers with the assistance of different forms of technologies.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Reading Assessment
8). It is also the root of a person’s education life. Reading and writing begins at this stage thus teachers struggle to develop the two most important senses in the human growth process. These are the sense of touch and sight. Children are first subjected to the basic alphabetical letters in which he or she learns to pronouns as well as write.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Assessment of English Language Learners
Problems like these need to be addressed by the parents, teachers, and students at each school, under the leadership of the principal, using data relevant to that school. "Because of individual academic difficulties, some students can land on the wrong side of these decisions" (Stiggins and Chappuis 2005, p.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Language and Linguistics: Case Study of an adult learners reading & writing skills
However, he became disenchanted with his progress, claiming that while he was good in math, he was particularly unsuccessful in his English. Part of his difficulties with attending school emanated from the fact that other students mocked his
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
The responses that the interviewee gave were clear and to the point. He did not go around issues. He was sure of what he was saying and versed, given the information solicited and provided. This is in accordance with Fogarty & Pete (2007). He
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
English Language Learners: Reading & Writing
Ellis-Christensen (n.d.) states, “The oral exam is a long held tradition in many schools and disciplines, which poses questions to students in spoken form”. The advantages of oral
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Adult Learners in Higher Education and Training
Knowles’s contract learning urges teachers for the adult learners to make their students active participants rather than passive recipients in
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Maximizing the learning experience for adult learners (Principles for adult learning)
Nurses charged with the role of being educators have to establish strategies that can help their adult learners benefit fully the learning experience. This paper will discuss ways in which an
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Reading Assessment for Adult ELS Learners for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us