StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Power and social movements - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Social movements can be described as an organised, collective attempt to further common interest through collaborative action normally, outside the sphere of established institutions. It is always therefore a type of group action; large informal groupings of individuals and/or organizations focused on specific political or social issues, in other words, on carrying out a social change…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.6% of users find it useful
Power and social movements
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Power and social movements"

Download file to see previous pages Furthermore, crowd mechanisms cannot be used to achieve communication and coordination of activity over a wide area, such as a nation or continent (Social Movement, 2006).
In this regard, Sidney Tarrow defines a social movement as collective challenges by people with common purposes and solidarity in sustained interactions with elites, opponents and authorities. He specifically distinguishes social movements from political parties and interest groups (Tarrow, 1994). From whatever perspective one views social movement, it is apparent that all definitions of social movement reflect the notion that they are intrinsically related to social change; an attempt by the perceived powerless and voiceless in the society to exert their voice and power with an eye towards achieving such change. They do not, however, encompass the activities of people as members of stable social groups with established, unquestioned structures, norms, and values (Social Movement, 2006).
Over the past few decades, several factors such as education, which have encouraged wider dissemination of literature, the increased mobility of labour due to the industrialisation and urbanisation of 19th century societies, the freedom of expression, and relative economic independence prevalent in the modern western society have precipitated an explosion of social movements in countries across the globe (Schock, 2005; Giddens et al, 2003). The New Social Movement (NSM); a new term that has come to describe the several social movements that sprung up over time, ranges from the civil rights and feminist movements of the 1960s and 1970s to the antinuclear and ecological movements of the 1980s and the gay rights campaign of the 1990s. Increasingly, traditional political institutions are becoming unable to cope with these challenges facing them.

Taking a look at the origin of social movements, Tilly (2004) argues that social movement was not in existence before the late eighteenth century. Although he concedes that several elements like campaigns, social movement repertoire and WUNC displays have a long history, he opined that they were only recently combined together into what could be seen properly as a social movement. Social movement first came into existence in England and North America during the first decades of the nineteenth century and has since then spread across the globe (Tilly, 2004)
From several indications it is apparent that the early growth of social movements was connected to broad economic and political changes including parliamentarisation, capitalisation, etc. Political movements that evolved in late 18th century, like those connected to the French Revolution and Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791 are among the first documented social movements, although Tilly notes that the British abolitionist movement has "some claims" to being the first social movement (becoming one between the sugar boycott of 1791 and the second great petition drive of 1806). The labour movement and socialist movement of the late 19th century are seen as the prototypical social movements, leading to the formation of communist and social democratic parties and organisations. From 1815, Britain after victory in the Napoleonic Wars ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Power and social movements Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503652-power-and-social-movements
(Power and Social Movements Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503652-power-and-social-movements.
“Power and Social Movements Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1503652-power-and-social-movements.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Power and social movements

Sociology: Social Movements

... Social Movements The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement: The Battle for Control of the Law by Steven M. Teles New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2008 360pp ISBN 9780691122083. In 1960s and 1970s, the conservatives sought to reverse the legal system by turning their attention to judiciary, interest groups, and professional networks rather than relying on traditional electoral process. In the growth of conservative legal movement, Teles analyzes partial success of conservative legal movement and their challenge to liberal domination of American legal bodies and law (Binder 2009 p. 34-37). In this book, the author reveals numerous challenges that conservatives faced in search for dominance with their main rivals legal liberalism...
8 Pages(2000 words)Book Report/Review

How Social Movements Matter

...How Social Movements Matter A social movement refers to a large grouping of people, informally organised to support a common social goal or idea. The group shares an interest to advocate or resist change in a given social setting. The members of the movement usually feel belittled and insignificant by the society. They feel like the system in place is unjust, giving them a sense of injustice and mistreatment. They join the group to get empowered and enjoy a sense of belonging. Social movements are created due to industrialization, mass education, increased urbanization, development of communication technologies, and political rights (Porta & Diani, 2006). Social movements are developed through four stages, namely: emergence, coalescence...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Social movements

...? The Environmental Justice Movement The Environmental Justice Movement The Environmental Justice Movement is one of the various types of social movements. A social movement refers to a group of individuals or organization with a common ideology. This group of people works in unity to achieve certain common goals. The social movement in question can be referred to as a reform movement since it advocates for changes in some activities that happen in the country. This is because it addresses the issue about geographical and racial imbalance in the treatment of the citizen of the United States of America. Social movements have led to many political and social changes globally. The Environmental Justice Movement has the main agenda...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Social movements

... of Karl Marx, a known proponent of a social revolution to achieve full transformation of the state from capitalism to socialism. Its aim is to achieve equal distribution of wealth to all members of the society. This is totally opposite to the theory of capitalism that is often the system observed in western countries. Here, the labor force is treated as the major factor in the production of wealth rather than capital which is held only by a few. Existentialism on the other hand is a philosophical movement that gives meaning to human's existence in this world and seeks to value one's existence. Here, the meaning of life is given paramount consideration over other aspects such as politics, economy and sciences. It is opposed...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Law and Social Movements

...Law and Social Movements The Intelligent Design Movement, as a political force, has encountered resistance and unforeseen difficulties in their effort to affect social change. The issue of the movement, the teaching of the Intelligent Design Theory in public schools, has been met with some criticism. The organization supporting the theory is well organized, well financed, and adept at promoting their political cause. Yet, they have been unsuccessful at moving forward for wide-ranging, and sometime counter-intuitive reasons. Though highly organized, the movement has limited appeal due to the litmus test placed by its major tenet, religion. Referred to as the Christian Right, they were the key to the Republican victories in 2004. They fueled...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Social Movements

Social movements are organized collective attempts to further common interests through collaborative action outside the sphere of established institutions. (Sociology 2003) Another text states: social movements are any broad social alliances of people who are connected through their shared interest in blocking or affecting social change. Social movements do not have to be formally organized. Multiple alliances may work separately for common causes and still be considered a social movement. (Wiki 2005) Collective behavior refers to the actions, often disorganized, taken by a large number of people gathered together usually in defiance of societys norms. Collective behavior can take one of several forms, including crowd acti...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Social Movements

... and laws inhibit personal God-given rights, that must be expunged through any means necessary. This belief has promoted the use of force, lawsuits, and blatant disregard for the governing laws. Literature Review Research studies (Christiansen, 2009) conducted to further understand the social movement process has uncovered four distinct steps of progress that occur during the event (Christiansen, 2009). The first is emergence where the idea is being formed and organization is limited. The second is coalescence of the idea between community members who agree that an injustice is being done, or a situation has occurred that needs attention. The third is Bureaucratization, which usually involves political powers to encourage...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Movements, Media and State Power

...People Power Unleashed: South Africa and the Philippines Social Movement Each continent, culture, ethnicity, and caste has seen a form of social movement. The social movements can take the form of an organized protest, riots, opposition to authority figures, and a variety of other ways that stress the unacceptable treatment of individuals. Coelho and von Lieres (2010) discussed the numerous insurrections across the African continent that changed the direction of many countries. Each situation is different in how the people go about attracting the attention of the political leaders and the outcome of the protest. The strength of the current leadership of a country also influences the outcome of the protest. The unarmed citizens who...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Power and Social Movements: Change and Continuity

750). The people affected most by this kind of impartial discrimination are more often than not the immigrants who move to work in another nation. Following the notion of the universal human rights that all human beings are equal, this issue necessitates a more clear reflection. This paper will investigate the position of such groups of people, taking the United Kingdom as our nation of study and immigrants as well as asylum seekers in the country as our subjects of study. If possible, the study will also offer recommendations upon how the negative factors facing these immigrants could be mitigated.
UK is a sovereign state in the northwest coast of Europe. The region is comprised of the United Kingdom and Great Britain. The re...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Social Movements

... A social movement is a form of group action. The AIDS movement was formed in response to the pandemic and the AIDS community in New York was the champion that was comprised of HIV/AIDS infected the gay men and women in the New York because they had lived with Aids for a longer period than other members of the group had. On the other hand, the U.S Civil Rights movement was created to address the segregation and racism that blacks had been subjected to in the United States. The paper will focus on discussing the two major social movements; the civil rights movements and the AIDS movements. Subsequently, the paper will identify and evaluate the features that enhanced the effectiveness of social movement organizations while at the same time...
4 Pages(1000 words)Thesis

Truth and Power at the Coca Cola Company

Needless to say, while some corporations have successfully implemented these recommendations and have substantially expanded their markets and financial returns as a result, others have not. This research looks at one of the corporations which have successfully reaped the rewards of globalization: Coca-Cola. Drawing on international business theory, the study engages in a critical analysis of Coca-Cola’s external and internal environments for the purposes of shedding light on its corporate strategy and uncovering the determinants of its success. The analyses, which utilize Porter’s Five Forces, SWOT and PEST, indicates that Coca Cola’s success is a direct outcome of an internationalisation strategy which is deepl...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

The Real Face of Corporate Social Responsibility

Effective communication is an important tool that has wide-ranging influence in the smooth functioning of corporate bodies. The role of corporate communicators is significant in the administration of the organization and projection of the organization’s aims and objectives in the eyes of the public and stakeholders.

Corporate communicators normally use a variety of techniques to communicate with different people. The administrators and managerial staff use effective communication to disseminate information about the changes that need to be made and make special efforts to create a barrier-free work environment. The barrier-free atmosphere and friendliness testify mutual respect and easy accessibility of management...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Social Support to the Functional Health of Older Adults

For example, it has been said that when you are a participant of a certain senior center, the possibility of you getting mental complications as well as other health complications is uh-heard of (Glass, T. A. 1999 p.479).
In this regard, this paper will asses the impacts of attending a seniors center and whether attendance is better than not attending when one becomes old. Comparisons between the two will be carried out and will base on the following,
The elderly are people who have gone through a series of steps in life from a state where they are stable in terms of health and independence in the day to day running of their lives to a state of increased vulnerability, dependence and recurring illnesses (Jeremy, M. 2008...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Social Theory in a Globalizing Age

A comparison between the followers of social theories and the followers of natural sciences (physics and chemistry) revealed that unlike followers of natural sciences social theorists don’t use any techniques to show the exact knowledge or skill. Instead, they prove their work or idea by suggesting a possible way of explaining the facts or arguments usually called hypotheses (Lemert, 2004).
By hypotheses, social theorists cannot easily prove their argument at a time but they require time to prove it. Social theorists are normally criticized for using the hypotheses. Deconstructionists or postmodernists, rigidly critical theorists, disagree with the criticism by mentioning that any research methodology is not 100% pure a...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

The Social and Cultural Contexts of Deviance

Generally, deviance is a behavior that is seen as harmful, disruptive, or criminal. However, it may come as the result of being statistically unique. This brings into question whether there can be positive deviance. For example, if a student got straight A+ grades, the Underachievers Club may view them like a deviant. As a group, they may place sanctions on them above and beyond what they would the average student. This illustrates the concept that deviance must be seen through the lens of the social or cultural context that it takes place in (Keel, 2008).
Social norms are the types of behavior that are established and maintained by society and are considered to be acceptable. Because deviance is the transgression of a norm a...
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review

School Social Worker in Special Education

Social workers are required to understand the diversity of families and help individuals and families cope with the implications and impacts of learning disabilities, physical or cognitive problems. Individual treatment may be required in a safe environment and relationship in which to deal with issues. The work of the school social worker in special education is related to a diverse number of areas, in which he/ she is required to fulfill various roles and responsibilities (Turner, 2005).

Approximately one-half of school social workers are found to be practicing with elementary school children. School social workers support and help to prevent future problems by intervening with at-risk children during elementary schoo...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

...DECISION-MAKING IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE: ECONOMICS a) Why are market forces unsuitable for health service resource allocation? Refer in your answer to the problems of consumer sovereignty, agency, and health outcome measurement. Market forces, demand and supply, move in opposite directions with respect to price changes. When the price of a good is high the demand for it is less while the supply of it is greater. This is economic sense but nevertheless this positive economic statement about the predictable behavior of the consumer does not hold true when the demand patterns for Giffen and inferior goods are factored in. For instance when income, of the individual consumer, rises his demand for inferior goods such as potatoes...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Management: Social Responsibility and Ethics

When we speak about business management, most people talk about the core business functions like strategies, products, training & development, management of various departments of the business like marketing, production, planning, etc. Social responsibilities and business ethics are the least communicated topics in the business community because of the least preference given to the non-productive sectors by organizations. Most of the greedy organizations spent millions on the research and development for improving their competitive power in the business world, but they often keep a blind eye towards their responsibility towards ensuring proper ethical standards in their business activities. Organizations that underestimate the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Power and social movements for FREE!

Contact Us