StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Crime prevention through environmental design - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Combating crime has always been the primary goal of every nation as it aims to provide its citizens a national security. Various policies and strategies have been employed in order to prevent crimes from happening if the government could not totally eliminate it…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Crime prevention through environmental design
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Crime prevention through environmental design"

Download file to see previous pages Through CPTED, people's lives will improve since they will no longer fear for any vandalism that may occur ("CPTED Crime," para 1). CPTED theories state that in order to attain a crime-free environment, the community should not rely on the law enforcers alone. An interaction among law enforcement officers, architects, city planners, landscape and interior designers and resident volunteers is deemed necessary to stop vandalism. Through a 'built environment' that is obtained by this interaction among the major participants in building a community, the occurrence of crime will be averted. CPTED's 'built environment' is basically building a community such that its physical environment positively influences human behaviors wherein people who live in the area perceives it to be a safe environment where law offenders will find it too risky to commit any crime within the area ("CPTED Crime," para 9). For communities who have utilized the CPTED concepts, the results were impressive. Criminal activity were reported to have decreased for as much as 40% ("CPTED Crime," para 3).
There are four main principles that cover crime prevention through environmental design. Natural access control is one strategy where it encourages the community to create a differentiation between public and private places. By selectively placing entrances and exits, fencing, lighting and landscape to limit access or control flow, natural access control occurs ("Crime prevention," para 26). Streets and sidewalks should be planned and designed in manners that would limit offenders an access to commit crimes ("CPTED Crime," para 6). Natural surveillance is another strategy adopted by CPTED that encourages maximum visibility of people and areas that may be potential spots for offenders to commit a crime. Architectural designs of buildings including residential edifices must obtain natural surveillance of the various areas that may provide access to lawbreakers and harm the community. Maximum visibility includes proper nighttime lightings along the sidewalks and residential buildings in order to limit the escape routes for the criminals ("CPTED Crime," para 4 & "Crime prevention," para 23). Territorial reinforcement on the other hand is another concept of CPTED that promotes social control through increased definition of space and proprietary concern. Landscape designs are used in order to strengthen a sense of ownership of a certain property where intruders are easily identified. Fences and signs are most commonly used territorial designs that follows this CPTED strategy ("CPTED Crime," para 5 & "Crime prevention," para 29).Lastly, target hardening is the most popularly known strategy that prevents the occurrence of a criminal act. This concept basically refers to the different features that prohibit law offenders from entering any premises through locks and bolts that are found in windows and doors ("CPTED Crime," para 6). Furthermore, there are two other strategies that CPTED utilizes in preventing crimes. Maintenance and activity support are two other activities that CPTED promotes. ("Crime prevention," para 33)
In Herkimer, New York's most recent crime statistics, larceny obtains to have one of the most offenses among other kinds of crimes. Thus, a more comprehensive program must be developed in order to prevent further increase in crime rates that does not alone involve ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Crime prevention through environmental design Essay”, n.d.)
Crime prevention through environmental design Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502118-crime-prevention-through-environmental-design
(Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Essay)
Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502118-crime-prevention-through-environmental-design.
“Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1502118-crime-prevention-through-environmental-design.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Crime prevention through environmental design

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Assignment

... society, all stakeholders should be exclusively involved. Policy makers, community members, developers and law enforcers have to work collectively in the battle against criminal activities. Traditionally, crime prevention was the obligation of the police officers and the judicially. Community members and other community key players were not involved. With the modern technology and complexity of criminal activities in the society, the contribution of all informers in society is paramount. Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) has incorporated all stakeholders in addressing criminal activities in the society. According to Crime prevention through environmental design strategy, profound designs and inclusive use of the general...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Crime Prevention Strategy

... for Problem-Oriented Policing. Retrieved from http://www.popcenter.org/about/?p=sara City of Tucson (2013). Tucson Crime Mapping. TuczonAz.gov. Retrieved from http://cms3.tucsonaz.gov/police/stats City of Tucson (2013b). Crime Trend Graphs All the Above in One File. TuczonAz.gov. Retrieved from http://cms3.tucsonaz.gov/sites/default/files/police/allgraphs_11rate.pdf Clarke, R. (n,d,). The Theory of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. University of South Florida Center for Urban Transportation Research. Retrieved from http://www3.cutr.usf.edu/security/documents%5CCPTED%5CTheory%20of%20CPTED.pdf Hansen, P. (2013). Local efforts to stop prescription drug abuse epidemic. Tucson News. Retrieved from http://www.tucsonnewsnow.com/story...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Crime Prevention

Firstly, the report represents a major advance in our knowledge about CCTV, especially if consider absence of previous research exploring the issue so comprehensively. Secondly, the study offers a number of valuable implications for CCTV projects: it helps understand the different aims of CCTV, and the mechanisms by which those aims can be realised; it helps formulate a theory of how CCTV should operate to ensure the highest effectiveness, and a hypothesis for the evaluation of CCTV effectiveness.
The authors do not postulate a hypothesis to be tested, but it can hardly be considered a drawback. The report evaluates 14 projects implemented in different urban contexts, and it is difficult, if possible, to formulate a common hy...
16 Pages(4000 words)Book Report/Review

Crime prevention

... to the community members which are to be followed by them to lessen the criminal activities. These instructions include the installation of Closed Circuit Television Cameras, the structure in which the house is built and the cohesion of the community. The community acts together to improve the situation in a society. It acts to have a safe environment in their territory and outside. Many programs have been launched by the government authorities that include programs such as crime prevention through environmental design. Special development programs arranged for the community members are also a way of community crime prevention. Patrolling and installation of cameras is a common program in different states to solve the problem of criminal...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design and Community Policing

...Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design and Community Policing Answer No. 1 Specific Actions taken by Police Officers and Community members in order to prevent crime includes designing and managing the local areas that come under each one of them administration, police department can increase the number of on duty police officers in streets and local areas, where crime is more often expected, community members should corporate with police by informing and reporting suspected crimes immediately to local police officers, there should be a positive relationship established between both of these forces to increase the confidence of local community on police and ultimately decrease crime and associated fear, police officers can...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

They have not been as effective as they should have been. According to Lawrence Fennelly and Timothy Crowe (2013), arguably, for the past 180 years criminology has failed to deal effectively with crimes because of its limitedness. The main focus of conventional criminology is on the criminal event, the criminal and the victim, it doesn’t incorporate other factors.
All other factors like psychological, legal, social, biological and political theories revolve around the criminal/offender. The other myth surrounding the whole crime investigation is that human beings by nature are criminals, it is something inherent, only an opportunity is required (Fennelly & Crowe, 2013).
CPTED stands out from conventional crime prevention m...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Prevention of Crime through Environmental Designs

.... Combining efforts was one factor that contributed to the success of the plan used. The community, planners, police officers, as well as government officials combined efforts to identify the problems they were facing and were able to find solutions to ensuring long-term reductions in criminal offences (Hopper, 2007). Crime prevention through environmental designs provided a foundation that enabled the architects and developers to create and develop a safe and attractive environment (Stummvoll, 2012). Their efforts surely had a long-term positive effect on the community since their social and economic lives improved. It is therefore evident that crime prevention using CPTED requires a comprehensive approach (Knapp, 2013). Focused police...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

It is a natural strategy to control access to the premises and creates risk perception in offenders’ thus reducing crime. The photo also has an extensive semiprivate land attached to the tarmac road to reduce its exposure to crimes (Newman, 1996).
In photo 6, the natural surveillance concept is evident. The windows depict it, and the door faces the parking area and the street. It also has a friendly street and sidewalk with security light at the door for enough lighting. These ideas increase awareness of the residents and neighbors on anything that happens within their residence (Newman, 1996).
In photo 7, there is a territorial reinforcement which creates a sense proprietorship of the user to perceive an influence o...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Crime prevention and Crime Rates

...Reflection on the Activity To start up with the news story I had to choose the topic. In the beginning I planned to use obesity and its associated factors to write my news story on. But after some research I realized that a lot has already been done in this area. I changed the topic to Crime prevention and Crime Rates. I viewed many factors that people associate with crime reduction. The most common I found were: Police performance Educational policies Employment Rates Social Policy changes Immigration Policies Reduction in Drug and Alcohol Abuse Spending on Police Departments and so on. Hence, I chose crime reduction as a product of rising Workforce levels. The data on both factors was available on the same website. The data set I...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

Lean Design ERP Solution in Management

It is proposed that the company should implement a Lean Design and for this, it should select for suitable Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software from an experienced vendor.

The Project Management Teas has recommended Lean Design because it offers scope for reducing inventories and introducing ways and means to improve productivity by planning the optimal use of resources. By elimination of all activities that do not add value and/or are safety nets, maximum use of scarce resources like capacity, manpower and capital becomes achievable. It also results in value addition for the customer, improved bottom line and enhanced productivity of employees.

This is the ultimate objective of Lean Design. This is a...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Community Assessment for Treatment and Prevention of Hepatitis C in Adult Population

With the increased awareness and advancement in research, involving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, clinical expertise exists for the prevention and management of chronic viral diseases like HCV among injection drug users, since the mode of infection and behavior of vulnerable population for both HIV and HCV contagion are identical. Since the transmission of HCV is similar to HIV and IDU is the primary risk factor for HCV infection, and coinfection of these two blood-borne diseases cause morbidity and mortality, harm reduction approach and the strategies that address the social and economic harms that impact an individual, community, or society are paramount in preventing the epidemic.

Hepatitis C is the ma...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Environmental of Consequences of Offshore Drilling

The risks notwithstanding, it is seen that the world needs to reconcile itself to the fact that either new alternative energy sources need to be functionalized, or the demand-supply imbalances need to be redressed through fresh sources. It is common knowledge that most developed countries, including the USA, UK, have supply deficits that seriously endanger their own economies, and through the price mechanism, cause an escalation in oil prices in the international markets. But what solutions need to be developed to contain this problem on a long term basis is a matter of political sagacity and foresight, and a judicious blend of use and conservation based on the principle that oil is not going to last forever.
Oil drilling cou...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Future Digital Design Process

As we shape up the interface between the designer and the virtual environment we are naturally going to produce a greater and far better outcome.
It will enable the end-user to be more creative and experimental and explore possibilities that were previously tedious or impossible. The design possibilities of virtuality will enhance the outlook of environments.
Now we can also term it according to the duration it can last. For any new thing, the duration is 10-30 years. If it lasts for 10 it would be popular as a tool another 10 and it would very well be a theory and if it survives all 30 years it will soon be defined as a revolution.
It was the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century that saw th...
21 Pages(5250 words)Assignment

Explaining White-Collar Crime through Sykes and Matzas Neutralization Techniques and Mertons Anomie

Modern criminology indicates that the term is of no limitation by referencing to types of crime, which could be enumerated as a crime by the time of the offense, by the type of offender, and by organizational culture (Cote 2002, p. 202). White-collar crimes are generally not associated with poverty or pathologies relating to it. The legal definition of crime is viewed as the only definition of crime, in which the behavior being examined is punishable by law (Sutherland 1949, p. 84).

Sutherland (1949, p. 84) claims that persons belonging to the upper socioeconomic class are involved in such criminal behavior, which is characterized as different from the criminal behavior in which the lower socioeconomic class engage in p...
11 Pages(2750 words)Report

Death Penalty: Does it Serve as a Deterrent to Future Crime

Animal instincts are directed towards self-preservation and it is the law of nature that a stronger and healthier individual has more chances of living than his weaker counterpart. The survival of the fittest has now been established as a ground reality according to Darwinian philosophy. If we eliminate our civilized thought process, it emerges as a stark reality that we would not desist from attacking another living person or animal when we are overcome by the basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. In times of natural disasters like earthquakes, wars and floods, and manmade disasters like war, it is not uncommon to witness ravaged populations shedding the façade of civilization and resorting to violence in order to fu...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Internal and External Environmental Analysis for the Bakery Business

Liberalization of foreign investment and technology policy of the government is supportive of establishing industrial units in the country.

Threat: The UK food regulatory authority is planning to enforce the EC Regulations relating to food labeling. The labeling requirements under the new regulations will affect the food industry as the suppliers will be legally obliged to disclose the GM content of foods to the caterers. Thus business firms in the bakery industry also will be effected through the exclusion of flexible manner of labeling arrangements in the case of flour confectionery involving GM Soya or maize. (Genetically modified and novel foods (labeling) (England) regulations, 2000).

Trend: The new subs...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

U.S. Environmental Protection

Recycling is one of the proposed methods to counteract pollution and danger being posted by the accumulation of wastes in the environment. Although this is the case, there are benefits and drawbacks in the said process. Included in the benefits are reduction of different types of wastes gas emissions (e.g. green gases) and water wastes; reduction of the discarded materials due to the manufacture of new materials; and the production of materials from used products. As a result, jobs are also created thus contributing to the economy (“Benefits and Drawbacks of Recycling” Think Quest).

In terms of the drawbacks, one of the main issues is the needed resources and expenses which continuously increase due to the i...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

A Hydrograph of River Cynon and Design of an Open Channel

...Storm Drainage Design Project: A Hydrograph Analysis of River Cynon and Design of an Open Channel 0 Introduction River Cynon is geographically located in South Wales and stretches from Hirwaun to Abercynon as a major tributary of the River Taf. The river has a catchment area of 160 square kilometers. Rainfall and river stage is monitored at Station 57004 at Abercynon operated by the Environment Agency in Wales. The station is a Flat V weir, which serves as a velocity-area station for high flows. Gauging history revealed that this station is over-topped by extreme floods and receives effluent discharges from industrial areas within the catchment. The station is located at elevation 81.2 m (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology [CEH], 2005...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

Syllabus Design for Learners of English as a Second Language

The translation and transmutation of syllabuses into the teaching procedures are generally recognized by the established conceptions of the second language learning methodologies, predominant amongst them are the Grammar Translation Method and Audiolingual Method. These notions in addition to the emergent concepts aiding to the structuring of the syllabus and curriculum for English as the Second Language are critically discussed in detail in this literary essay.

English being globally considered and established as the ‘lingua franca’ whether in terms of international communications or technological interrelations, hence English as the second language is extensively popularized and most sought after language...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Crime prevention through environmental design for FREE!

Contact Us