StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Malnutrition is known to be a common problem in all hospitalized patients. It has been indicated that at the time of admission to a hospital 40% of the adult patients are compromised with their nutrition. About two-thirds of all patients encounter deterioration during their treatment in the hospitals…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients"

Download file to see previous pages The healthcare professionals often underestimate the nutritional needs of the patients who are critically ill. Moreover, the initiation of nutritional therapy is often delayed in these patients. In the critically ill patient, nutritional status plays a key role in recovery. The extent of muscle wasting and weight loss in the ICU is inversely correlated with long-term survival. However, because conventional parenteral nutritional therapy of malnourished critically ill patients has not been demonstrated to produce anabolism, blunting of the catabolic state may be the more effective strategy. Over the top of that malnutrition in the critically ill patients have been associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and length of stay, which may be correlated to increased dependency of mechanical ventilation, enhanced rates of infection, and impairment of wound healing. Therefore, to determine the evidence in this area of care, it would be prudent to critically analyse the research findings which could justify the indications and contraindications of nutritional therapy in these patients. ...
Concomitantly, there is an increase globulin synthesis as a part of acute phase response. Metabolically, there is noted to be increased gluconeogenesis along with reduced serum iron and zinc levels and increased copper and ceruloplasmin levels. These changes lead to fever and an associated negative nitrogen balance. There is protein breakdown invariably in all patients. There is evidence that critically ill adult patients may lose about 16-20 g of nitrogen, which are supposed to be excreted in the form of urea, which in normal individuals are about 10-12 g/d. Many acutely ill patients have septic complications, and in some of them, the nitrogen loss may account for up to 24 g of urinary urea nitrogen daily. The nutritional implications of these facts become very significant since with the loss of 1 g of urinary urea nitrogen, the nitrogen content in 6.25 g of protein is loss, which is equivalent to approximately 1 oz of lean body mass. As one can calculate, the loss of 16 g of nitrogen as urinary urea is therefore equal to the loss of about 1 lb of skeletal muscle or lean body mass per day (Doig et al., 2008).
Nutritional supplementation, hence, bears an important meaning in the management of patients who are critically ill. Studies have indicated that initiation of nutritional supportive treatments in critically ill patients within 48 to 72 hours of admission has at least three important outcomes. These are improved clinical outcomes, lower rates of infectious complications, and shorter duration of hospital stay. The route of administration of nutritional supports to these patients has also important influences over clinical outcomes. Evidence indicates that enteral nutrition is favorable over parenteral ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients Essay”, n.d.)
Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501870-nutrition-support-of-hospitalized-patients
(Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients Essay)
Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501870-nutrition-support-of-hospitalized-patients.
“Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1501870-nutrition-support-of-hospitalized-patients.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients

Nursing Pain Management in hospitalized patients with Cancer

... in cancer patients, but it is not specific which factors it will cover or explore for better management pain in hospitalized patients with cancer. The citations used are also too old dating back to the year 1994. These might not give up to date information required for pain management in cancer, in the 21st century. The more recent citation used in the introductory part is 2000, which is quite far considering that new methods of pain management have come up in the last one decade. The use of old research studies in this study shows that there has been no significant change in techniques for pain management, which is not true. The weak support provided by old studies makes this research study unfavourable in a nursing practice. Statement...
10 Pages(2500 words)Dissertation

Prevent Infection in Hospitalized Neutropenic patients with Cancer

...?The Role of the Nurse in Preventing Infection in Hospitalized Neutropenic Cancer Patients Due to the nature of cancer treatments and their effect onthe immune system, oncology patients are at high risk for infection. These patients often become neutropenic, or lacking in neutrophils, which are the disease-fighting white blood cells vital to the immune system (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2010). Once these patients develop a serious infection, there is a good chance they will never recover from it, and so all precautions must be taken. Therefore, the responsibility falls onto their nursing staff to ensure they are kept safe from potential sources of infection as occur in medical procedures and in everyday interactions. The most common source...
3 Pages(750 words)Speech or Presentation

Nutrition

...- carbohydrates, fat, and protein. As for the protein, I would not be decreasing my consumption and even allow myself to add a little more because my protein sources are healthy – chicken, salmon and tuna. In fact, it could be said that my protein intake is well-balanced. To support this argument, I analyzed my journal and saw that intake of most essential amino acids – isoleucine, histidine, lycine,leucine, methionine among others exceeded DRI; hence , protein consumption is complementary. Although some acids cannot be determined, most of the important amino acids are adequately supplied by the food I have consumed. Now, having a complete set of these amino acids are crucial since they are considered building blocks of protein inside our...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Nutrition

... Nutrition Need/Problem ment The prevalence and incidence of obesity among young children has grown significantly. This is demonstrated by research reports which articulate the doubling of obesity among young children between the years of 4 and 5. In addition, the incidence of obesity among kindergarten children has been established to be more than 33%. Since obesity affects both the physical and cognitive functioning, the increased prevalence among children is a significant problem and concern within the country. It is I this regard that a program that is aimed at reducing the incidence and prevalence of this condition among preschool children is justifiable. Project Plan The plan of the project includes identification of the needs...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Nutrition

For protein, the AMDR is 10 to 35% and the percent calories derived from my protein intake is found between the two limits. The AMDR for fat is 30 to 35% and the percent calories from my fat intake is again in between the two limits.
Are there any nutrients from your diet that are above the recommended Tolerable Upper Limit (UL) – see front cover of the text for the table listing UL for various nutrients (please note that not all nutrients have an UL.
Do you take a multivitamin? If so, after analyzing your diet, do you think you need to continue taking a multivitamin? If you do not take a multivitamin, do you think you need to take a multivitamin or do you think you can meet your needs by the foods you consume?
Acco...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

TESTING A TOOL(FORM) FOR HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS TO PREVENT DVT

Introduction Background: Complications that arise in patients that require hospitalization is an area of serious concern in hospital settings. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is among the more common complications that are seen in patients hospitalized for various surgical procedures or acute medical illness. Cohen, et al , 2008, point out that between five to ten percent of mortality in hospitalized patients is due to VTE, making it the one of the most common causes of in-hospital deaths, and yet it is preventable. In addition VTE is responsible for increased patient morbidity and enhanced costs of hospitalization (Cohen, et al , 2008).
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are the main components of VTE. Acco...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Nutrition

...Nutrition Ketosis When human beings go without food for a longer period, reserved fuel that is released from burned fats of the body is consumed for survival. Ketones are mild acids which are released during this process. While carbohydrate fuel is required for keeping our body running, if its level goes below a critical point, condition called ketosis is created. This condition compels the body to look for protein and fat reserves for doing the job of carbohydrates. Sometimes, ketogenic diets are consumed as a measure to reduce fats in the body, as they have very low carbohydrates. For example, Dr. Atkins’s diet is taken for this purpose. Conditions responsible for ketosis During the starving like condition, the body burns fat...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Management of Patients with Diabetes

The metabolic dysregulation associated with DM causes secondary pathophysiologic changes in multiple organ systems that impose a tremendous burden on the individual with diabetes and on the health care system. Diabetes mellitus (DM) comprises a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia. Several distinct types of DM exist and are caused by a complex interaction of genetics, environmental factors, and life-style choices. Depending on the etiology of the DM, factors contributing to hyperglycemia may include reduced insulin secretion, decreased glucose utilization, and increased glucose production. The metabolic dysregulation associated with DM causes secondary pathophysiologic changes in multiple o...
17 Pages(4250 words)Term Paper

Different Models of Exchange Rate Determination and Their Empirical Support

Specifically, some of the discussed models of exchange rate determination are the balance of payment approach model, the monetarist or asset approach model, and the martingale-random walk model. Moreover, the paper will also integrate the experiential observations and examples during the paper, in order to understand the practicality of these models.

Under the balance of payment approach, the domestic cost of foreign currency is established like the cost of any other article of trade. In other words, the market demand and supply curvatures are intersected in the exchange market for that particular foreign currency. The modeling of the abovementioned approach related to the demand and supply for foreign exchange is quite...
13 Pages(3250 words)Term Paper

UK Primary Education: ICT to Support and Enhance Learning and Teaching of Primary Mathematics

According to Bell (2004), in the United Kingdom, the government has implemented the Primary National Strategy which provides a framework for implementing ICT technology in learning. It has been recorded that primary schools have an average of 37 computers in each which are used by teachers and students in learning. There is great access to computers in secondary schools than in primary schools. It is also noted that the development of the use of ICT in teaching and learning in secondary schools is relatively more stable than in primary schools in the United Kingdom. This is perhaps due to the trickle-down effect. The trend is catching up well in primary schools which have established computer laboratories to offer ICT learning to...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Social Support to the Functional Health of Older Adults

For example, it has been said that when you are a participant of a certain senior center, the possibility of you getting mental complications as well as other health complications is uh-heard of (Glass, T. A. 1999 p.479).
In this regard, this paper will asses the impacts of attending a seniors center and whether attendance is better than not attending when one becomes old. Comparisons between the two will be carried out and will base on the following,
The elderly are people who have gone through a series of steps in life from a state where they are stable in terms of health and independence in the day to day running of their lives to a state of increased vulnerability, dependence and recurring illnesses (Jeremy, M. 2008...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Social Support and Immigration

Social support from within the immigrant's own ethnic social network and from host social networks offers a means to address the issue of stress in the acculturation process. Social support gives the relevant support needs for the immigrant to cope with the stress factors of acculturation and have a more happy and peaceful in the new environment.
Immigration has been a part of human developmental history, with people trying to find better means of living or moving from areas of violent turmoil to more peaceful environments. In recent times most of the exodus has occurred from the less developed world to the developed world. The United States of America is exceptionally suited for any study related to immigration, as immigrati...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Does Cooked Food Offer Better Nutrition Than Raw Food

There seems to be more agreement on how cooking started than when it did. Most anthropologists believe bush fires started by lightning burnt or baked roots or tubers that were exposed. The man happened to eat it. Similarly, man must have tasted his first cooked meat by chance, when he found a beast killed by a forest fire. He then realized that roasted meat is more palatable and easier to chew and digest than raw meat. Later on, he learnt to use fire for roasting meat. Roasting meat over fires remained the only way food was cooked until the Palaeolithic Period, when people of southern France, it is believed began to steam their food by wrapping it in wet leaves and placing them over hot embers. Shells, skulls, or hollowed stones w...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Medical Radiographic Technique for Dealing with the Pediatric Patients

This poses a challenge in pediatric radiographic investigations. Obtaining quality radiographs on pediatric patients can be a challenge. Minimizing radiation dose in pediatric imaging is a crucial issue that has been emphasized and reemphasized in recent years1.
Diagnostic radiation overexposure can cause radiation skin reactions and acute radiation sickness. It can also lead to systemic reactions that may lead to disturbances of normal functional processes, such as, radiation pneumonitis. It is known to have carcinogenic effects and genetic effects2. However, it is also to be considered that the dose required to produce genetic or carcinogenic effects are virtually precluded by modern radiographic apparatus and special techn...
13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment

Preventing Renal Failure in Patients with Rhabdomyolysis

... review: rhabdomyolysis- an overview for clinicians. Critical Care Nurse, 23(6), 14-30. Marcucci, L., Martinez, E., Haut, E., Slonim, A., & Suarez, J. (2007). Avoiding Common ICU Errors. New York: Lippincott and Williams. Mazokopakis, E. (2008). Unusual causes of rhabdomyolysis. Internal Medicine Journal, 38(5), 364-367. Melli, G., Chaudhry, V., Cornblath, D. (2005). Rhabdomyolysis: an evaluation of 475 hospitalizedpatients. Medicine, 84, 377-385. Rosenberg, J., Walsh, K. (2008). Physician perspective: exertional rhabdomyolysis: risk factors, presentation and management. Athletic Therapy Today, 13(3), 11-20. Sahjian, M., Frankes, M. (2007). Crush injuries: pathophysiology...
14 Pages(3500 words)Assignment

The Importance of Proper Nutrition

... per day (Luszczynska and Cieslak, 2009, p.30). According to Harvard University nutritionists, "adding more plant foods is one of the best changes you can make" (Snapshot of the American diet, 2009, p.3). In the US there is a culture of fast food and high fat content, with children who are raised in an environment where they are forced to eat broccoli. However, society and culture can play a role in developing good eating habits. Research has shown that "among families diagnosed with a life threatening disease (related to nutrition habits), those who provide social support to patients start eating more FV [fruits and vegetables]" (Luszczynska and Cieslak, 2009, p.31). In essence, the evidence indicates that myriad factors impact a persons...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Changes in Family Support Systems

... Section A Question Dimensions of Widowhood i. Changes in family support systems According to Hooyman and Kiyak, the current changes in life expectancy show that people are living longer than they used to 20-30 years ago (15). However, there is another side of reality where death takes away a spouse. Whenever there is a member of the family who dies, there are several changes that the family undergoes in attempt to respond to the loss of one of their own. These changes affect the care that widows receive. The changes are dependent on the geographical and social aspects of the society in which the person leaves the type of economic support that they get, the services and emotional support. Nonetheless, what affects the widow mostly...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients for FREE!

Contact Us