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Democracy: from ancient Greece to modern time - Essay Example

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Democracy if the form of government by people and is exercised directly or through the elected representatives. The basic democratic principle is the social equality and respect for the individual within the community setting. Democracy was initiated in the ancient Greece as the idea to involve people in directing the activities of the state…
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Democracy: from ancient Greece to modern time
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Download file to see previous pages The high value is placed on the equality of individuals and freedom of the people.
Dictatorship is the opposite to democracy form of government when one person has the absolute power over the nation. Dictators use force to gain the power and keep it through terror and suppression of the civil liberties. Today, open dictatorship does not exist but the hidden forms are still found: when the power is maintained through the fraud or the control of the mass media. For example, Latin America has the long history of dictatorship when the leaders gained power through the military and provided the social privileges only to the elite class representatives.
Citizenship is the relationship between the individual and the state when the individuals owe loyalty to the state and in return, they receive the protection, freedom and rights. For example, the political rights include the right to vote and the right to hold public office. Citizenship is about obligations (taxes, military service). Citizenship has been granted only to property owners in Greece and has been withheld from conquered peoples in Roman Empire. Today citizenship is granted by birth within the territory of the country, as the descent from a parent or by marriage to the citizen of the particular state.
The state is the term used to indicate the nation or the...
The state also possesses the specific territory of land and has clear borders. Each state has the freedom to develop their own political system and laws that do not contradict the international agreements and principles.
Politics is the process of making the decision by the group of people; it is the behavior of the society representatives within the government. It is the right or the ability to perform the act and generate the change to the particular legal setting. Politics is often regarded as the art of governing nations, administering and controlling the internal and external relations. Politics is the activities of government and political parties, it is the tactics of managing the state and nations.
Democracy Types
There are two distinct types of democracy: classical (Pericles' perception) and liberal (Mill's perspective). At the time of Pericles the democracy was the new concept in government of people. He believed that the power should be given to every person equally because everyone is equal before the law. The was the first one to suppose that the society representatives need to be selected only on the basis of their capability to govern the nation lawfully. He lived in the fifth century and as all societies of that time, the citizens of Athens were in the period of transition. The assembly has become the first and the primary political authority in the history of democracy. Pericles believed that not a single citizen of the nation should have been the subject to official oppression - in other words, not a single citizen is inferior to others by law.
This is the classical form of democracy - equality of all citizens and it was new to the governmental ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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