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The Effect of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder on Learning - Essay Example

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This essay describes attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and learning. This paper outlines symptoms of this disorder, the creation of the term, learning disorders, the effect of disorder on the process of learning and treatment options…
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The Effect of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder on Learning
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Download file to see previous pages Treatment options for children with ADHD include behavioral therapy, special education programs, and medication. It is estimated that 70% to 80% of children with ADHD respond to medication which can help curb impulsive and overactive behavior, allowing children to focus, be attentive and learn ( Lymn, Glass 1804).
The term Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADDH) was first properly coined in the DSM-III of the American Psychiatric Association in 1980 and was subsequently acknowledged as a serious disorder warranting scholarly scrutiny. In the early years little was known about this disorder with Barkley (1982) reporting in his review of 20 years of scientific papers on the syndrome that the majority provided no diagnostic criteria for ADDH or ADHD. As a result, early studies in the literature were largely subjective and perhaps replete with misdiagnoses (Barkley 1944).
The DSM-III of 1980 changed this and was a “landmark in official diagnostic nomenclature”. For the first time, it provided detailed descriptions and diagnostic criteria for ADDH. The three criteria which were established for diagnosis were: 1) specific multidimensional symptoms (involving symptoms in impulsivity, motor overactivity and attentional impairment), 2) age of onset (before the age of 7 years) and finally 3) duration (symptoms must be present for at least six months). Definitional issues aside, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (or ADHD) is now recognized as a serious disorder with possibly important effects on cognition (Cantwell and Baker 87-88).
Two symptom clusters give rise to three subtypes of ADHD: Predominantly Inattentive, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive, and a Combined type (Martinussen & Tannock 1073). This essay will address the relationship between ADHA and learning to discover whether or not there is a direct relationship between ADHD on the ability to learn.
In attempting to discover whether the association between Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning association between Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning disorders (LD) exists, Cantwell and Baker undertook a study of 600 children with learning disorders.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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