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Motivational Theories and Their Critical Role for Employees - Research Paper Example

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The author of the present research paper "Motivational Theories and Their Critical Role for Employees" brings out that organizational excellence begins with the performance of people. It is what people do or do not do that ultimately determines what the organization can or cannot become…
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Motivational Theories and Their Critical Role for Employees
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Download file to see previous pages Motivation is the intrinsic inducement that propels an individual to behave in specific ways. There have been a significant number of literature covering the nature, theories, and applications of motivation and its effect on job performance and satisfaction.
Various scholars on human resources revealed diverse theories on motivation over time. In this regard, this essay is written to explain analytically, how motivation theories could help managers elicit ‘discretionary effort’ from employees. The response would be illustrated with suitable examples of Human Resources practices.
Motivation energizes behavior and gives it direction. A motivated person will work harder and persevere longer than an unmotivated one. The level of intensity and persistence for the motivated person will be higher. A motivated athlete will endure long hours of practice daily than one who is not. Yet, motivation also directs behavior. A hungry man is motivated to seek food and to eat. In this sense, motivation is like a vector quantity in physics. It has both magnitude and direction.
Almost all human behavior is motivated, that is, caused, as well as directed. People act because something caused it. But their actions will not be aimless. There must be a direction. Motivation is the strength of the drive toward an action. Motivation refers to a whole class of drives, needs, and similar forces that prompt a person to act in a certain way or to develop a tendency for specific behavior.
To enable one to proffer how motivation theories help managers elicit ‘discretionary effort’ from employees, it is essential to briefly define what discretionary effort means. According to Business Dictionary, discretionary effort is the “difference in the level of effort one is capable of bringing to an activity or a task, and the effort required only to get by or make do.” ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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