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Recent Changes in Organizational Form and Personnel Strategies - Essay Example

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This paper under the title "Recent Changes in Organizational Form and Personnel Strategies" focuses on the publication of Harry Braverman thesis, degradation of work, in 1974 had an enormous impact on recent changes in organisational form and personnel strategies. …
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Download file to see previous pages The research literature in existence when Braverman described unequivocally contradicted both conclusions. The conclusions asserted as facts, the degradation of work and the homogenization of the working class that is a major cause of the changes came in organization form and personal strategies.
Bravermans degradation-of-work thesis explained how the alienation of workers had developed in the past. Braverman’s degradation of work thesis is consistent with the one that Blauner had examined in Alienation and Freedom, but Braverman outlined his case in unequivocally Marxist terms and did more than any previous researcher to make Marxism a major perspective in industrial and occupational sociology. Braverman used the term labour process to describe the technical organization of work, which had earlier been called the work process. Differences between the connotations of the words "labour" and "work”, suggest the reorienting effect that Braverman's formulation had on views regarding work, workers, and the workplace. (Rowlinson, 2000, 13-14?) Labour is an economic commodity exchanged in the market; work describes exertion of physical and mental effort to accomplish an end--an activity that a worker performs. Braverman held that work had been degraded by capitalism, turned into mere labour. Taylorism separated the hand from the brain and vested the brains in management and the hands of labour. Work became deskilled as technological and bureaucratic controls supplanted the self-direction of skilled workers. This process of deskilling standardized work activities robbed work of meaning and levelled skill distinctions among workers. It enlarged and homogenized the proletariat, which came to include clerical and semi-professional occupations.
Bravermans focus on skills had the effect of conceptualizing the outcomes of the industrial transformation as technological, psychological, and economic rather than social. Harry Braverman does not make clear what Harry Braverman means by skill, but since Harry Braverman sees the degradation process as involving the separation of mental and physical activities, it seems that Harry Braverman has identified skills as cognitive abilities of workers and has then generalized beyond that point to make skills technical characteristics of jobs.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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