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The Main Principles of Management - Essay Example

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This paper under the title "The Main Principles of Management" focuses on the management which can be defined as the process of dealing with or controlling things or people. There are certain principles that when followed produce good and intended results.  …
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Running Head: MANAGEMENT Principles of Management Management can be defined as the process of dealing with or controlling things or people. There are certain principles that when followed produce good and intended results. The first principle is alignment whereby a business aligns employee behaviours with stated company values and directions. This means that certain rules are put in place to ensure a good flow of work and good results. It also provides for penalties to be applied internally or judicially. The second principle is distributed leadership where by individuals are given the right to give orders and powers to exact obedience. This makes them responsible for operational decision making and performance improvement (Hill, 2006).
The third principle is integration of effort whereby the entire organization moves towards a common objective regardless of one’s position in the organization. Fourth principle involves the business taking a lead in determining industry standards and practices, being out-front. The fifth principle is being up-front, meaning that everything is conducted with integrity and openness. The sixth principle is resourcing the medium term which means that the business is able to effectively balance short and medium term requirements. The business is able to make orders and supplies in good time (Carpenter, 2009).
The seventh principle is time based. This calls for timely orders, supplies and dealing with emergencies as required. This helps in ensuring that employees do their work within a given time frame and deliver to clients in good time. The eighth principle is bias for action and this means that the business is good at implementing ideas and strategies. When ideas and strategies are shared out and not acted upon, they are not useful and do not improve the workers and business as a whole. The ninth principle is learning focus whereby everyone in the business gets involved in a learning or development programme. This ensures that the business grows as well as the people in and working for the business (Hill, 2006).
The tenth principle is discipline. The business invests in policies, procedures and standards that are to be upheld, failure to which penalties are applied. The eleventh principle is that of measurement or reporting and publication. This involves measuring and reporting to the employees’ financial and non-financial performance information needed to excel. Customer value is the twelfth principle and involves all employees striving to enhance customer value creation. This helps in getting and retaining customers. The thirteenth principle is capabilities creation whereby business and organisational capabilities are defined as priority areas. This is for the sole purpose of development and investment. The fourteenth principle is micro to macro; this involves expansion of the business. Every employee knows how their individual efforts contribute to the success of the business (Carpenter, 2009).
A management structure is the method by which people work and interact with one another in an organisation. There are two types of structures, flat and hierarchal. A flat structure has a decentralized decision-making process which increases staff involvement and information is passed quickly. It also enables for quick decision making. A hierarchal structure has a set chain of command whereby each unit has a head that must be reached before getting to the top management (Hill, 2006).
Internationalisation is the process whereby a software application is designed so that it can be adapted without engineering changes, to various languages and regions. It is determined by a number of things including the targeted markets. It is important in ensuring that a business adapts to changing times as fast as possible and reaches as many of its clients as possible in the various markets.
Sustainability can be defined as the capacity to endure. A business is sustained by various things and its capacity to endure is determined by its management and the employees (Carpenter, 2009).

Hill, C. W. L. (2006). Principles of Management. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Carpenter. M. (2009).Principles of Management. Washington, DC: Flat World Knowledge,
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