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Theoretical Approaches to Leadership - Essay Example

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The essay 'Theoretical Approaches to Leadership' gives a clear understanding of leadership through the analysis of such models and approaches as Contingency Model for Leadership, Transformational Leadership Theory, Situational Leadership Theory and Charismatic leadership theory…
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Theoretical Approaches to Leadership
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Theoretical Approaches to Leadership

Download file to see previous pages... Fred Fiedler developed the first contingency model for leadership, known as The Fiedler contingency model. It is suggested the model is "the most comprehensive program of research ever conducted on leadership" (Fiedler, 1967, as cited in Elkin and Inkson, 2000, p. 212). Fiedler developed this theory by studying hundreds of groups and teams', ranging from basketball teams to military unit, to examine leadership style and its effectiveness in different situations (Forsyth, 1999, p.355; Elkin and Inkson, 2000, p. 212).
The theory suggested "That successful group performance relies upon the appropriate match between the leader's approach to interacting with his or her followers as well as the extent to which the circumstances gives control and authority to the leader (Robbins, 1993, 372).
In other words, leadership effectiveness is contingent or dependant upon the suitability of the leader's style and the favourability of the situation (Forsyth, 1999, p. 355).
In Fiedler's model, he utilized a measure called the LPC (least preferred co-worker scale) to measure between task-orientated and people- orientated leadership. People who scored high on LPC were considered 'people- orientated' whereas people who scored low on the LPC was considered 'task-orientated'. Individuals' LPC scores would determine the type of situation for which they were best suited. Furthermore, the situation was defined and measured through 3 important variables,
1. Leader-member relations
2. Task- structure
3. Leader position power ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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