“The principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for each employee”. In today’s fast paced, hi- tech world, the demand for efficient systems of management in organization is very high…
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Management Models: An Overview
Coupled with the innovations in such systems is the parallel growth of study and research in the same field. Most scholars have proposed different models of organization management as well as different models of choosing the model that best fits an organization. He is fast to note the interests of both the employer and employee are the same, and one cannot prosper without the other. Both the employer and the employee should train each individual to produce at his highest possible level of efficiency In his book, “The Sociology of Organization: Classical, Critical and Contemporary Reading, Handel, Michael (2003) provides a collection of several scholarly articles on Organizational Theories. I will examine some of the models in the collection, highlighting their weaknesses and their strengths. Weber, (2009, pg 50) classifies authority basing on the allegiance pledged by the subjects to their leaders. He identifies three types of authority. In Rational Authority, the subjects submit to authority by virtue of legal issues. They don’t have any intimate relational issues with the senior. This system is common in firms which have established themselves over time such that the subjects submit to the leader by virtue of submitting to the firm. A good example is in today’s modern states, whereby the citizens are not directly loyal to the president, or the government, but the legal system of the nation. Traditional authority, in its part features subjects who submit to traditions surrounding the authority. For instance, the subjects of a kingdom pledge their allegiance to the king’s son simply because he is of a certain blood line. He contrasts both of these to Charismatic Authority, in which subjects devote themselves to an individual based on her expertise and exceptional character. He argues that the most superior form of administration in any organization is bureaucracy, which in its part implies individual domination by knowledge. This attributes to the precision of decision making, clarity and consistency of knowledge. However, he the system encourages abstract relations between the administrator and his subjects; those based exclusively on performance. In Weber’s argument, there is an implicit assumption that speed in performance is very important. That by living decisions to an individual or a smaller group, the productivity would increase. On the contrary, smaller groups tend to lack opposing views. Therefore, a leadership made of a group of malicious individuals who were appointed to that position solely to their skill will likely plunge the organization in to debts or a collapse. An instance can be seen in Hitler’s government, who rose as a charismatic leader, became a bureaucrat, and was later fell to the Allies Forces for making wrong key decisions, and appointing malicious individuals to control his forces and ministries. Taylor, Frederick is well known for his Scientific Management as an administrative strategy. He is of a different view from Weber, arguing that the best way to improve productivity in an organization is by sharing the labor between the employees and the employers. This model considers three key areas. Firstly, the administration draws up a scientific plan for every employee’s job, basing on careful observation of the employee. It takes up most of the work done by the employees, and ensures that every employee’s task is preceded immediately by someone higher in authority, and
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21) call a processual approach. Figure 1: Prescriptive Strategy Figure 2: Emergent Strategy (Lynch, 2006) The new approach still takes external factors into account, but more and more organizations to focus on resources they have internally, which corresponds to resource based theory of firms (Barney, 1991), an idea further developed by others including Johnston et al (2008) Lynch (2006) and Grant (2005), which has helped resource based firm theory in line with needs of modern firms.
Business risk is the probability that a business or organization will have less profit than expected and thus leading to limited ability to carry out its normal day to day operations (Devine, 2006). The standard operations every company or business carries out include; paying rent, wages, salary, petty cash, paying taxes.
The author states that securing an information system requires that security architecture be created by the management of the information system. Security architecture, therefore, is a comprehensive security design that will ensure that a system has the correct authentication, authorizations and proper preventive measure against system attacks.
Definitions of strategic management focus on effectiveness and organizational efficiency – “making the right decisions” and “using resources wisely” (Davidson et al, 2003, p. 7). The large volumes of theoretical work supporting management practice aim to develop optimal performance strategies.
The evolution of modern nursing models can be traced to the emergence of nursing as an independent field of knowledge and profession in the middle of 19th century when Florence Nightingale differentiated nursing from medicine. Nightingale's model relies exclusively upon the idea that the nurse plays decisive role in shaping the nursing environment to promote the well being of patients (Nightingale, 1859).
This corporation has faced a number of problems regarding the effective bossiness management. They have initiated this project to enhance the quality of working and better project management of the overall organizational projects. This project is regarding the
There are two ways, essentially of viewing staff and employees and they come in terms of both humanistic and empirical means. The 'hard' theoretical approach sees people as commodities or as having numerical value while the 'soft' approach looks at the humanistic approach.
t into the quality and safety improvement is essential for forecasting the bedside influence of modifications and for launching new concepts inside and across all professional health boundaries (Davies, 2000).
Governance ad leadership are important for sustainable modifications
According to Gorham(2010)“Leadership tools are essential. Successful business leaders aren't interested in abstract, warm and fuzzy, "theories" about leadership. They look out for tools that achieve quality results”. Leaders always look out for genuine tools which provide them with accurate and realistic results.
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