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Hofstedes Model of National Cultural Differences and Their Consequences: A Triumph of Faith - Essay Example

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This article evaluates the Hofstede’s Model of National Cultural Differences and Their Consequences. This article analyses the concept of Hofstede’s model in various procedures by comparing the developed framework with other interpretations of national cultures emerged recently. …
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Hofstedes Model of National Cultural Differences and Their Consequences: A Triumph of Faith
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"Hofstedes Model of National Cultural Differences and Their Consequences: A Triumph of Faith"

Download file to see previous pages The article titled as ‘Hofstede’s model of national cultural differences and their consequences: A triumph of faith - a failure of analysis’ by McSweeney states that the Hofstede’s model of cultural differences is an achievement in itself; however, there are certain dimensions included in the model lacking adequate analysis which turn it into disadvantages. The Hofstede’s model of culture is based on five major dimensions of national culture which include Power Distance, Masculinity versus Femininity, Individualism versus Collectivism, Long-Term Orientation and Uncertainty Avoidance. The main objective of this particular article by McSweeney has been to assess whether the findings of the Hofstede’s model are warranted as well as to identify the evidences which are acquired for recognising the national cultures. Furthermore, the article also aims to determine whether the assumptions of this model have been adequately justified to make it a realistic attempt in recognising national cultures. Correspondingly, the article has been segregated into four segments. The first segment summarises the Hofstede’s model of national cultural differences followed by the second segment, where suggestions derived from hypothesizing culture on a national prospect have been discussed. The third segment critiques the Hofstede’s model from an overall perspective. Ultimately, the final part of the article aims to determine the credibility of the relationship which exists between national culture as well as national institutions as depicted by Hofstede and in reality. (McSweeney, 2002). The discussion henceforth in this paper will thus emphasise on critically discussing the findings of the article titled ‘Hofstede’s model of national cultural differences and their consequences: A triumph of faith - a failure of analysis’ with comparison to another similar articles based on Hofstede’s model which shall be highly beneficial in understanding the rudiments of national cultural distinctiveness. Discussion The key findings of the article reveal the various ideas from a critical perspective which has been considered in the Hofstede’s model to determine the concept of national culture. The article recognises the key concepts of this model on the basis of research methodology performed by Hofstede when developing the framework (Hofstede, 1998). One of the major limitations of the Hofstede’s model was that the regions or rather clusters where the surveys were conducted were significantly small to replicate the national cultures. Moreover, although the survey was performed in 66 countries, the data from around 40 countries were only utilised in order to determine the national cultures (McSweeney, 2002; Ghemawat & Reiche, 2011). Furthermore, the respondents of the surveys were solely constituted of marketing as well as sales employees of IBM which limited the scope of the findings obtained by Hofstede to be applied in other work cultures such as the Human Resource Department and even the Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs) sectors (McSweeney, 2002). McSweeney (2002) also evaluates the assumptions which were considered to be crucial in the Hofstede’s model. The author, in the discussion, critically states that there are certain assumptions of Hofstede’s model which were inappropriate as well as unrealistic in nature. For instance, Hofstede assumed that the organisational culture of IBM is uniform as well as monopolistic. This particular assumption of Hofstede can be considered to be unrealistic in its nature as organisational cu ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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