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The History of Management Theory - Research Paper Example

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The history of management dates back to the times when men started to hunting and went on to plan and execute their strategies for killing, saving, and distributing their prey. However, the modern history of management is relatively new phenomenon as management as an acceptable practice started to emerge after the industrial revolution…
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The History of Management Theory
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Download file to see previous pages The classical school of management outlined the scientific management principles and suggested to use scientific methods to deal with the problems of handling assembly lines. More emphasis was placed on achieving specialization so that productivity can be improved. The Human Relations School however, attempted to add more dimensions to the management and suggested the psychological dimensions of the management also. (Roth, 1994) The open system school attempted to reconcile the differences of classical and human relations school and provided a system approach to view organizations as a complete system with humans operating as one part of the whole system. The social action school has also put forward the arguments of viewing the employees as individuals having their own interests and goals. The social action school of management is one of the latest advancements in the theory of management. Comparison and Contrast between Classical and Human Relations School Classical School of Management is considered as the oldest school of management and it started with the advent of industrial revolution in developed countries. ...
however, refused under the human relations school wherein it was outlined that organization is not just a mechanical thing with employees working like mechanical objects. Employees being the humans also possess feelings and have their social needs and it is the responsibility of the management to actually account for such social needs of the employees. My current organization, considering employees having social needs and responsibilities, tend to provide different facilities such as leaves, bonuses, paid vacations etc which actually help employees to free themselves from the stress of work and to become more productive in nature. This also serves as the source of intrinsic motivation for most of the employees as it outlines that the organization is taking care of the needs of the employees and employees feel the part of the organization. Work is also delegated to the employees and there is more need to develop employees which can perform multiple tasks. There is therefore a clear diversion from the principles of scientific management which advocates for the specialization of the tasks whereas my current organization focuses on developing the capabilities of the employees in different areas of the work so that can better perform for the overall organization level. Scientific management also advocated the use of things like following best practices, complying with the policies and manuals of the company. This view has been held till now also wherein management still believes that employees work as economic agents with their own self-directed interests to achieve monetary gains. In order to provide such monetary gains to the employees, management must force them to comply with their policies and manuals. Though human relations movement did not negated this position but ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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