Risk Management Name Institution Explain Aviation Companies Responsibilities And Policies As They Relate To Weather Hazard, Structure And Energy Of The Atmosphere And Air Mass Circulation And Fronts. The aviation industry has had to deal with weather related issues such as an emergency landing; aircraft crashing and delayed take off…
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Weather continues to be a contributing factor in the airline industry occurrence worldwide (Fisher, & Jones, 2007). Though accidents in the aviation sector are rare, a report in 2007 showed that 43% of accidents in the aviation industry resulted from operations in adverse weather. Weather also has a massive impact on air traffic systems, and it leads to numerous injuries of passengers and flight crews yearly. Because of weather related impacts on the aviation industries, airline companies assume the responsibility of weather related phenomenon such as reduced visibility, turbulence, and thunderstorms for the safety of operations. These responsibilities include communicating the issues as they arise, to the passengers, crew and the aircrafts in air. The companies also assume the responsibilities of compensating the victims of weather related deaths and injuries. The aviation company always seeks the best weather for its operations (Ditcher, & Doiron, 2008). Pilots encounter many weather related hazards such as low visibility turbulence and air mass circulation. Weather related incidents occur frequently, but they account for a quarter of aviation fatalities. As a result, airline companies formulate weather related policies, and they take responsibility in case of a weather related mishaps. The company should ensure that its aircrafts have the latest weather related technology. Accidents and disruptions in air traffic result from the misunderstanding of weather information and an innate uncertainty of weather prediction and forecast (Ditcher, & Doiron, 2008). Aviation companies must continue researching and developing technology that increases the precision, reliability and accuracy of weather forecast. They formulate policies implemented by their respective weather offices such as the introduction of advanced and complex technologies. Among the policies, the company ensures that none of its aircraft takes off or lands in adverse weather conditions. All fights during such conditions either seek alternative landing or are cancelled. However, the company has policies and assumes responsibilities of seeking alternative transport for the stranded passengers, or compensates them for the extra distance they travel seeking an alternative airport (Fisher, & Jones, 2007). The aviation companies have responsibilities and policies that ensure their pilots have adequate training on handling weather related issues. Mostly, weather related accidents result from the pilot’s lack of understanding of the weather and flying environment, which contribute to pilot errors. The company ensures that their pilots have operational knowledge relevant to weather. Most of the pilots have difficulty in applying what they learnt on weather during their training. As a result, the aviation company ensures that the pilot has an adequate perception on weather knowledge. They do this by facilitating refresher courses, which integrate weather categories, services, decision-making and interpretation. The policies on pilots are based on the pilot’s ability to decode information related to weather, and weather charts (Blakey, 2004). The company takes the responsibility of their pilot’s decisions made in adverse weather. Therefore, the airline ensures that the pilot has adequate information by gathering and processing this information. The airline also has
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