Argument in favour and against the role of technological progress in the rise of post-bureaucratic forms of organizations Introduction Post-bureaucratic organizations are organizations which function with the help of a range of new ideas such as total quality management, culture management matrix management etc…
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In other words, cross cultural business started to increase rapidly from 1980 onwards. Until 1980, most of the organizations operated with the help of Weber’s bureaucratic structure. Moreover, bureaucracy was dictating the organizational world during this period. However, the introduction of globalization and the rapid growth of technology helped the organizational world to operate more democratically from 1980 onwards. According to Josserand et al (2006) pointed out that “More than a simple exercise in reinvention, the post-bureaucratic era is characterized by hybridity. Far from being the end of bureaucracy, the post-modern area is that of its refurbishment” (p.54). In post bureaucratic organizations, the decisions are taken based on dialogue and consensus rather than authority and command. Organizations started to function as a network rather than hierarchy, because of the development of technology and scientific business management principles. Josserand et al (2006) cited many difficulties that involved in the transition of organizational world from bureaucratic to post bureaucratic. ...
he organizational world from bureaucratic to post-bureaucratic, some people argue that technological progress is the major factor behind the development of post-bureaucratic forms of organizations. However, many others are of the view that along with technological advancements, plenty of other factors such as the evolutions of scientific management principles, concepts such as corporate social responsibility and sustainable development, contributed to the progress of post-bureaucratic organizations. This paper critically analyses these arguments. Technology & Post-Bureaucratic Organizations Role of Information communication technology or ICT The introduction of computers and internet have revolutionised the functioning of the organizational world. Many of the traditional organizational principles have given way for modern principles. For example, Bureaucratic organizations encourage individual work more whereas Post-Bureaucratic organizations encourage teamwork more. In other words, collectivism is prevalent in Post-Bureaucratic organizations whereas individualism is prevalent in Bureaucratic organizations. These changes in the organizational world were stimulated by the advancements in technologies. For example, in most of the IT companies, projects are executed with the help of project management teams. In other words, teams are responsible for the success and failures of a project rather than individuals. The above change helped individual employees to relax more and their job stress has come down drastically. It should be noted that the introduction of computers and internet helped the development of the concept of teamwork. “In recent years it has been argued that the widespread adoption of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) presages the
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It involves the scientific ideologies that intend to solve human problems and make life simpler. Information technology as part of technologies has experienced most innovations in recent developments in the field of science. Technologies utilize modern communication channels that enhance understanding within organizations (Baste 2002).
Where there is no written partnership agreement, the state partnership laws provide that partners shall share the profits and losses of the business equally and none of the partners may withdraw their capital input in the partnership outside the agreement of the other partners unless the partnership is brought to an end.
This report is aimed at developing the critical analysis of the literature that has been developed so far. Since the literature developed in the technological domain of business is very extensive, the scope of this study has been confined to the evaluation of the literature on technological change in Information Technology section of business anticipated for the year in which this report is developed.
Information role entails: the monitor role through collecting information from subordinates and from the environment, the dissemination role in which he shares information to subordinates, and the spokesman role in which the manager communicates information to influential people in his organization.
But it has more than a stabilizing function for society--it also embodies values. Socially responsible behavior is the root of all contracts. It is also fundamental to environmental and human rights laws. The socially responsible behavior reflects our social mores.
This essay is related to a geographical analysis of modernity, forms of spatiality and the definitions of spaces in the modern geographical context. The 20th century has given way to new forms of spatiality and innovations in technology, with emergence of modernity being defined by modern forms of governance, the construction of subjectivity within the Metropolis, the 'destruction of space by time', the spaces of the factory, the modern exhibition, and the cinema.
However, with all the changes that have challenged bureaucratic organizations, there was the advent of newer forms of organization, which have become more commonly and conveniently called the post-bureaucratic forms of organization.
This paper will identify the characteristics of post-bureaucratic organizations and determine the challenges and pressures that managers face in a post-bureaucratic environment.
David Riesman argued that the emergence of the bureaucracy and the mass society diminishes the importance of other social institutions such as the family on the individual level. The “inner directed” characteristics of individuals began to disappear and be replaced
3). Under this method, Weber noted that there was to be a system of rationality based on some legal procedures. While Weber’s system of bureaucracy has been adapted to some extent a number of institutions have sought it as a means to an end