Project Management - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Project Management - the NHS Computer System v. the Ford Online Procurement System Table of contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Project failure – characteristics and reasons 3 3. NHS Computer System 6 3.1 Overview of the project 6 3.2 Reasons that the project failed 7 3.3 Management of change in respect to project failure 8 4…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.9% of users find it useful
Project Management
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Project Management"

Download file to see previous pages 10 References 12 1. Introduction The success of projects is depended on a series of criteria, all of which need to be met so that a project is completed on time and according to the standards set. In practice, the achievement of the above target is very difficult. Failures in projects are common phenomenon. Despite the efforts made by managers for the limitation of project failures, the problem is still extensive in regard to projects in all sectors. The causes of project failure are reviewed in this paper. Reference is made to two, major, IT projects: the NHS Computer System and the Ford Online Procurement System. Both these projects were well structured, so that risks are minimized. However, they were finally led to a failure, resulting to severe losses for the parties involved. Appropriate literature is also reviewed for identifying the causes of project failure. It seems that project failure is unavoidable when a project is not closely monitored and adequately supported. Also, under certain terms, project managers hold the responsibility for the failure of the project assigned to them. Under these terms, it can be noted that project failure is related to many, different, factors all of which need to be addressed in order for the success of a project to be secured. 2. Project failure – characteristics and reasons Different approaches have been used in the literature for explaining the project failure, as a daily problem in all scientific and industrial sectors. O’Carroll (2003) notes that many project managers tend to focus on planning for eliminating the case of a failure. The above strategy has been proved ineffective. It is explained that ‘two much planning can be a reason for project failure’ (O’Carroll 2003, p.175). Even the requirement for following strictly the deadlines of a project can be a reason for project failure (O’Carroll 2003, p.175). O’Carroll claims that when focusing heavily on the planning phase of the project, project managers do not deal with the failure of the project; instead, a plan should be developed in advance for setting the terms on which the management of the project’s failure will be based. From a different point of view, Wysocki (2011) states that the project failure can result because of unexpected changes on a project. The characteristics of these changes are not clearly presented. It is assumed that any alteration of the project’s initial terms, as included in its plan, is considered as a change of a project. The level at which change can threaten a project is difficult to be estimated in advance. It is assumed that the threat can be higher as the alteration from the project’s initial terms is increased. Holmes (2001) claimed that the causes of project failure can be many. For example, a project is expected to fail for one of the above reasons: when it is not adequately supported by the firm’s top management team, when its plan is not detailed, when the targets set are not feasible, when no provision exists for managing the risks involved and so on (Holmes 2001, p.16). In this way, preventing project failure can be challenging task, especially if the resources required are not available or if the time limits for the completion of the project are too tight, not allowing the identification of alternative practices for facing problems appearing during the development of the project. The ‘Japan Users’ Association of Information Systems (JUAS)’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Project Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/management/1396951-project-management
(Project Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/management/1396951-project-management.
“Project Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/management/1396951-project-management.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Project Management

Project Management

...?Project Management Project management, as the implies is the management of any project. Management of a project includes several tasks that areranged right from the conception of the project’s idea till its culmination and delivery. Tasks included in the management of a project include but are not limited to assessment of risks before in the initial stage, identification of ways to mitigate those risks and preferably their conversion into opportunities, estimation of monetary, human and all other kinds of resources and their arrangement, acquiring...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Project Management

...? Contents Introduction 3 Phases of a Project 5 Conceiving a Project 5 Planning Phase 5 Implementation Phase 6 Assessment and Delivery Phase 7 Risk Management in Projects 7 Types of Change 8 Nature of Managing an IT Project 10 Recommendations 10 Reasons for Failure of NHS IT Project 11 Conclusion 11 References 12 Project Management Introduction Managing projects is a tedious and painful business, because majority of them are supposed, to be completed within specified period, to achieve certain goals and objectives. All of the projects...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Project management

...?Project Management: The Energy Generation Project This paper examines a project scenario from the viewpoints of organisational structure, procurement strategy and scheduling. It outlines an appropriate organisational structure and considers potential issues relating to people management within the project. It then discusses possible approaches to procurement, identifying and justifying a procurement strategy for the different phases of the project lifecycle, including consultant appointment processes and contract types. Finally, a detailed schedule for the duration of the project will be provided that is fit for the purpose of managing the pilot project. Organisational Structure Project Team Structure The project is to be managed... by a...
18 Pages(4500 words)Assignment

Project management

...? Project Management - A Project to Improve Multi-Agency Response to Road Traffic Collision through Joint Training and Exercises - Student Number Course Name and Number Name of Professor Date of Submission Number of Words: 1,250 Introduction Traffic collision or vehicular accidents increases the number of controllable deaths. On top of the increasing number of unnecessary deaths caused by traffic collision, inattention or disturbances that could affect the driver’s concentration while driving often leads to physical or mental injuries to themselves or other people around them (Johns, 2007). Several studies revealed that majority of traffic collision is caused by human factors related to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Project management

...? REPORT Project Management Total word count: 2800 Keywords: Project Management Table of Contents Task Jonijanti Ltd 3 Task 2 - Tibob and Tibob Ltd 7 Project Background 7 Phase 1 – Project Conceptual Planning 8 Phase 2 – Project Planning (Project Development Phase) 8 Phase 3 – Implementation and Control 10 Phase 4- Evaluation of the Project 11 Project Manager Skills and competences 11 Conclusion 11 References and used Bibliography 13 Appendix 1 AON Network Diagram 15 Appendix 2 GANTT Chart 16 Task 1 - Jonijanti Ltd Total word count: 600 without the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Project management

...? One of the most important tasks a project manager has to comply with is to have good communication among the team players. “The ability to communicate effectively is necessary to carry out the thoughts and visions of an organization to the people” (Marketingdeviant, 2009). The project manager is the person responsible to deliver the project on a timely manner complying with all the deliverables of the project. Janis was selected as the project manager to build a new plant in Alabama. The company empowered Janis and they put Clark, Downs, and Pokorski at her disposal. Janis is in a position of power and she has to create an effective communication plan to ensure the success of the project. The first step in the communication plan... by...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Project Management

...?Project Management Section 2: Baselining Cost Variance for Kindergarten Planning Project The required tasks to complete the deliverable for the work package, kindergarten planning, are being planned and expected to be completed by April 27 July 2014 and use 584days of work. The following tables indicate the progress of the required tasks. Table 1: Cost Variance Kindergarten Planning Name of Task Cost (Total) Baseline Variance Actual Remaining Kindergarten Planning $20,148.00 $18,964.00 $1,184.00 $13,658.00 $6,490.00 User requirements $6,132.00 $6,540.00 ($408.00) $6,132.00 $0.00 Preparatory meeting $3,072.00 $2,560.00 $512.00 $3,072.00 $0.00 Staff training $5,084.00 $4,004.00 $1,080.00...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Project Management

...of project success (Josler & Burger, 2005). Basically, the term project is used to describe a set of activities that are linked and they are directed towards the attainment of a certain goal (Hellriegel 2001). A project can also be described as a onetime activity with a definite start and finish. As such, through utilization of project management methodology, a project can be completed within the expected time frame, on budget as well meeting the expected standards that satisfy all the stakeholders who may be involved. In this case, the baseline of the project is to carry out a feasibility study to establish if the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Project management

...of new software to address green computing for internal use and potential sale to other organizations – IBM has developed a number of software to facilitate greener computing. This has not only reduced to amount of energy required but also reduce the need for hardware and the use of resources that would increase climate change. Task 2 Weighted Decision Matrix for Green Computing Project A weighted Decision Matrix is used to determine which of the four candidates for the position of Project Manager for the Green Computing Project would best fulfill the role. In addition to technical skill which is the least important of the five criteria chosen, communication skills;...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Complex Project Management of Effective Project Management

...Part III Complex Project Management Part III Complex Project Management In a complex project, at least some of the goals and solutions may not be clearly identifiable and known at the project’s outset. As a result, project management models may not work and thus, adjustments should be made. In projects whose objectives are clearly defined but lack solutions in later parts, referred to as APM projects, the main issue is that even in situations where the solution is discovered, it may not deliver acceptable business value. This leads to the first step of dealing with...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Project Management for FREE!

Contact Us