This study will discuss project management role and examine the key elements, it will also discuss the role of project manager and select three key elements important in project management which are: namely project planning, control and scheduling; managing cost; and managing scope…
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This research shows that the project had clear goals but unclear requirements and the frequent changes required rescheduling and resulted in budget overruns. Although the project had budget overruns, it however met the desired outcomes. This study has shown that the key elements of project management are critically important in meeting the objectives and goals of project and giving the desired outcomes. Project management is an art and a science that involves organizing, securing, planning and managing of resources with an aim to accomplish specified goals. A project can be defined as a short-term or temporary endeavor whose beginning and the end is clearly defined. Project management plays a significant role in facilitating execution of projects such as new software development, installation of new hardware or building a facility. As mentioned by Wessels, project management helps in selecting, managing and supporting of projects that are of significant importance in accomplishment of an organization’s objectives, making it vibrant at marketplace and maximizing shareholders wealth. In an organization set up, various divisions and departments compete for scarce human and financial resources; project management plays an important role in rational decision framework enabling people to make the appropriate project investment decisions. Project management plays a critical role in management of outcomes mainly the cost, time and performance of the project. Projects are selected based on cost and benefit analysis where their return on investment is evaluated against cost of implementation. Role of project manager According to Lewis (2004, p. 19), project manager has the total responsibility to ensure that all project details are handled properly, this requires them to be highly proactive and not reactive. Project manager should follow up on things ordered or scheduled ensuring that things like requisition and purchasing are effectively running, project manager helps in project planning, controlling, monitoring and organization of project resources. Project manager plays a significant role in giving a project economic approach by determining its (ROI) return on investment. Project manager is also responsible for project risk management; he must identify risks, monitor and design effective response. He is also responsible for project reporting to the management of the organization. Key elements in project management Key elements in project management include managing and controlling project scope through clearly established aims, objectives and goals, managing cost element, managing risks, managing human resources, managing time planning, control and scheduling, and managing quality to meet the desired standards (Lock, 2007, p. 78). Project integration, management communications, procurement processes, and quality are also key element in project management. Managing the project scope Project management plays a critical role in ensuring that the aims, goals and objectives of the project are clearly and articulately established. Many projects fail due to wrong or unclear goals and requirements. With unclear goals, project experiences problems, however, with wrong goals, projects fail spectacularly (Rusell 2007, p. 45). Scottish Parliament has clear and articulate goals and objectives but had no clear requirements. Scottish parliament changed requirements of that projects several times, for instance they increased functions of the building demanding for more size and space, these changes caused various difficulties to the project team causing budget
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This requires the hiring of competent project managers who will conduct a good and successful project management. By definition, project management refers to the discipline of securing, planning, organizing and managing available resources with an aim of achieving a successful completion of a project and the attainment of its goals and objectives (Bjarne 2007).
The essay discusses the factors that contributed to the success in the construction of this major building project. The Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburg was designed as a parliamentary complex meant to house 129 members of parliament and close to 1000 civil servants and staff. This building was a very serious project because it aimed at creating a poetic union between Scottish landscape, its culture and its people.
The importance of logistics increases greatly when the main purpose of the project is to deliver food and basic aid to individuals suffering from malnutrition and poor living conditions (Thomas, 2003). Logistics basically encompasses a number of processes and methods to ensure a smooth flow of materials and resources from a place where they are manufactured or produced to the area or place where they are needed.
ct development from start to finish.1 Project management techniques are applicable to all types of projects and these techniques or methods not only make it easy for the project managers to control all phases of project management effectively but also these methods are widely
The techniques are composed of established strategies or doctrines that can be tailored and applied to a specific situation. In project management, these strategies could be a list of tasks to be consummated, a definite approach, outlines, methods, and even
t scope, budgeting cost of the project, scheduling deadline, maintaining quality throughout the project deliverables (Kerzner, 2013; Cooke-Davies and Arzymanow, 2003). Organizations use ‘The Portfolio, Programme, and Project Management Maturity Model (P3M3)’ to assess
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