When Clyde Kluckhohn and Alfred Kroeber’s book Culture: ‘A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions’ was published in 1978, immense conflict rose due to the 164 definitions of culture which were brought together by them. …
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Not that the phrase ‘culture’ was not clarified, but ambiguities and dissimilar opinions began to turn up. It was in the year 1980, when Rappaport defined culture as “…a part of the distinctive means by which a local population maintains itself in an ecosystem and by which a regional population maintains and coordinates its groups and distributes them over the available land.” (233) Now that we have been provided with a verified characterization of culture, the question that still arises is “What does culture mean to US?” Everybody might have dissimilar responses, but collectively, the norms and traditions of living which have been passed down by our ancestors form our culture. When studying Sociology we can perceive that the term culture holds grand importance when referring to the society and its nature. Hence, the cultural nature of the society can be understood by studying its relation with the individuals who form it. What is ‘cultural diversity’ or ‘cultural disparity’? Being an aggregate, it would be difficult for any society to grasp the answer, because when a mass of individuals (dependant/ independent) join together there ought to be a discrepancy in the outlook and beliefs, but if we review the previous expression we can discern that it itself is the answer to the former question. Therefore, culture diversity can be characterized as ‘the state of sheer conflict amongst different (sub) cultures of a civilization on the basis of language, customs, beliefs, ideas, norms and values. Cultural disparity is also known as racial or ethnic disparity. The two basic ingredients which shape a society and its components include the government (which wheels the societal set up and management) and the public sector (which practices the system provided by the regime). Hence, when people belonging to various cultural backgrounds begin holding and practicing their very own cultural ideals and become badly informed of the reciprocal correspondence they have with other people, within the society and the organism of government, cultural diversity is at its dawn and it widens. For this reason, Stephen Tierney has also named this dilemma as ‘Multiculturalism’ or ‘Cultural Pluralism’ as he explains that the common factor which the struggles of this problem have is that ‘they reject earlier models of unitary, homogenous nation-state.’ (17) To understand the validity of cultural diversity in the public sector, we better comprehend the relationship between culture and the public sector, foremost. Culture and the public sector share a reciprocal relationship. This give-and-take relationship works with the mechanism that when a cultural reform or change is brought in the society, the rate of acceptance of change increases whereas when a cultural conflict begins to grow the pace of keenness and deliberateness decreases in the society and an unrest is up heaved in all aspects of the society i.e. economic, political, religious and most importantly institutional. “Culture is the product of learning, rather than of heredity”, says George Peter Murdock (113). Therefore, the problem of cultural diversity depends majorly on the fact how the society adapts to it and how it demands its solution, as this problem is not only developed by the socio cultural conflict but also due to many other un-proportionate reasons. This may or may not include the institutional environment, social stratification, political set up also the intra-cooperation techniques and many other facets to be laid. Cultural diversity leads a society towards havoc and devastation as it causes extreme unrest in the public sector. Following are the effects and their details, of cultural diver
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China has further been experiencing a growing trend in its tourism with cultural diversity that is being invested in, as a source of tourists’ attraction. China has been able to attract a large number of tourists. The Bia people, for instance, form a basis of tourists attraction through their cultural art products and cultural festivals.
The challenges come when posed to the stages on how to manage grudging acceptance, valuing differences and drawing strategies to manage diversity (Moon, 1997). On the other hand, “cultural diversity opens doors to opportunities if properly managed. It can increase creativity and innovation in organizations or groups as well as improve decision making by providing different perspectives on how to resolve problems “(Bhatia, 2007).
This paper described diversity climate and explained how people’s perceptions and attitudes are structured in diverse climate in the organization. This paper put forward a model for analyzing diverse climate and explained various stages that it is comprised of. The diversity climate program designed in this paper gives much importance to management commitment and responsibility almost as important as establishing diversity programs.
Cultural Diversity. This paper explores cultural diversity in our area and the ramifications it has. This is a reflection of an African American living in a culturally diverse society in these times, also a reflective exercise on culture, cultural identities, equality and self-identity.
A project should be introduced for enhancing the development of a unique training program that meets specific criteria in terms of its cost, its duration and its quality (Olateju, Abdul-Azeez, & Alamutu, 2011, p.1). Evaluation of project – Methods In general, the evaluation of projects has three key parts: a) the identification of costs, b) the identification of outputs and c) the comparison of the findings related to the previous two phases (Marieta, Opreana & Pompiliu 2010, p.132).
This has enabled me to respect and honor the people I interact. Second, I have realized that our difference in culture is the heart of uniqueness. Information on cultural diversity has given me important insights to understanding the need to value people’s differences and mingle in ways that facilitate cooperation and understanding.
This essay discusses that compared to the public sector’s programs, the training program suggested for the organization would have such advantage: it would be easier for each employee to talk to the firm’s owner. In public sector, politicians have the role of CEO of large organizations. In the private sector it is easier to visit the firm’s CEO and discuss on all critical employment issues.
This people come from Mexico, Cuba, Venezuela, and Puerto Rico. Majority of these foreigners come to United States of America, for purposes of searching for jobs, and other financial and economic benefits (Eastman,
According to the report the school may incorporate field trips as a means of promoting diversity among students right from their young age. Field trips should not be taken like mere vacations rather as a relevant lesson with the aims of engaging students to understand the diversity and leaves a lifelong imprint on their lives.
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