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n resources imply that the members who share the resources have property rights over the particular resources, that competition and rivalry in the use of the resources exist and that this competition brings about the forced cooperation among the members to manage and sustain the resource. According to Seabright, the management of commons governs the usage, inclusion and exclusion criteria and the incentives associated with the use of the resources. Many factors, however, affect the management of commons (Seabright, 127).
There is always the danger on unmanaged or poorly managed commons. Hardin, provides an analogy of a common pasture that is open to all, and have no herd size limitation. With every increase in the number of animals, the pasture becomes increasingly overgrazed to the extent that the nature has to take control. This is because each herdsman view an extra animal in his herd as a total profit to self and a shared negative effect to the environment (Hardin, 124). Marine commons are a common concern to the environmentalists and economics all over the world. The traditional resources managements and activities to limit the use of the marine resources have been extensively studied. Most studies indicate that the reef closure, gear restrictions, entry limitations and exclusiveness nave been used over time to control the use of the marine resources especially fishing (Cinner, 243).
Cinner conducted an extensive study on the socioeconomic factors that affect the marine tenure in the Indo-pacific region. Using a sample of 21 isolated villages in this area, Cinner sought to identify how the community manages the use of the marine resources that they call their own and how this is affected by the socioeconomic factors of a particular community. He explores the localized community control of marine resources commonly known as customary marine tenure and the application and implementation of this in the selected communities.
Customary Marine Tenure are the
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