In this paper, first, the multi-self model-based approach is discussed followed by a similar discussion on the dual-self model. Next, the two models are mutually evaluated on the basis of the post-economic recession situation of the world…
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According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the multi-self model is a complex topic in behavioral economics. Authors like Ambrus and Rozen have described it as a broader conception in the form of an array of self-control concepts or theories. As such, the concept of aggregator appears at the center of this approach. The aggregator can be understood as a behavioral and psychometric mechanism that organizes the available choices before the individual. The aggregator factors cumulate a suitable prioritized list of choices, and the individual’s sense of rational behavior ultimately leads him or her to select the most appropriate one for oneself. However, in the deep trenches of mind and thought processes, this one self is actually consisting of many selves. Hence, according to Ambrus and Rozen, one of the most important characteristics of a given set of aggregators is that the aggregation can be dependent on the consumer’s economic utilities and objectives. Therefore, if an individual is considered as a coherence of more than one economic self, then preferences of oneself may differ from that of another. Consequently, several contemporary models of “multi-self decision-making” utilize pieces of cardinal information that are embedded in the utility functions of an individual’s diverse economic selves. Aggregators being considered as the fundamentals of utility functions can also be defined as the intensity of preferences, which are capable of molding the dynamics of intra-personal economic decisions. However, this paradigm can be extended to inter-personal economic decisions too.
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One possible physiologic effect of pregnancy is the alteration of specific cytokines associated with inflammation, insulin resistance, and angiogenesis; which eventually lead to the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia (PE) (Thadhani, 2009).
Reiss viewed criminal behavior as the consequence of failed “personal and social controls” (1951, p.127). When personal controls fail, individuals stop seeking ways to meet their needs which are consistent with community norms and rules. When social controls fail, shared norms and rules become ineffective and no longer allow individuals to act accordingly.
The first name that comes to mind when one encounters the subject of psychology and psychodynamics is Sigmund Freud, a psychologist of a great renown who founded the psychodynamic model among other elements, concepts and principles of psychology.
It even includes aspects of their personality, their physical characteristics, and their occupations (Myers & Spencer, 2006). The self concept starts to develop in early childhood, and continues to develop and evolve for most of the individual’s life. When an individual’s self concept changes, they can undergo a significant personality crisis during times of rapid change like puberty (Myers & Spencer, 2006).
The art of positive psychology involves analyzing personal strengths and weaknesses. According to Keyes & Hadit (2003) positive psychology is a process that incorporates self healing and self therapy technique. The five positive techniques are positive emotions, positive thinking, positive choices, positive strengths and positive habits.
This paper is a discussion of issues related to positive psychology. Positive psychology is concerned with the well being of individuals and how they can overcome the factors that influence them into negative experiences, which is a barrier to achieving happiness.
The style that has continued for a long time is the eclectic strategy to counseling system. Realistic selection of a most suited method has been linked with particular client propensities, amalgamations of theoretical application, and incorporation of any amount of therapy methods (Gaw & Beutler, 1993).
The author explains that self control is displayed through the choices one makes in controlling his actions and Social control is the choices made through society to control ones actions in public. The difference is apparent, the self control involves one’s personal choices and Social control involves the consequences of one’s own choices.
Dorothy’s Orem paradigm is the self-care model of nursing. This is alternatively referred to as the self-care deficit theory. This theory held a number of major assumptions. The most overarching consideration was that the theory believed that people should be self-reliant and responsible for their own care.
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