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Colonialism and Modernity - Research Paper Example

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Name: Instructor: Task: Date: Colonialism verses modernity Most countries, in their current state, are products of colonial systems and the themes of independence that passed on from earlier generations. The people borrow identities from these systems and it is these identities that infect their original affiliations and beliefs…
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Colonialism and Modernity Paper
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Download file to see previous pages Al-el Ahmad discusses occidentosis in his book: A Plague from the West. Occidentosis refers to the impacts of western cultures or mode of their economies on subservient or vulnerable countries. The Dialectic of Enlightenment, which is written by Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno, discusses the inability of Western education and rule of reason to achieve the ultimate purpose of satisfaction. They, therefore, emphasize the role of culture, like literature of a place, in the fulfillment of individuals of that particular society. This, otherwise, cautions about annihilation of social structures and belief systems of a place. Ali Mirsepassi proposes incorporation of modernism within traditional Islamic systems. He is, thus, an opponent of secularism. D’ Adamo discusses the role of literature in a person’s thought development while Mahatma Gandhi emphasizes the rule of reason in conflict resolutions and achievement of democracy economic prosperity. The argument that arises is that unless these subservient countries shake off the influence of the other countries, they are destined to stagnate in their progress. Ahmad illustrates different ways in which, by economic control and social control, the Western countries clog development in counties from the East like Iran (Ahmad 28). He depicts countries from Africa and Asia as being the sources of raw inputs for industrialized nations. The resources include physical goods like iron ore, oil, raw agricultural products .Cultural talents like music and dances might also be a victim of exploitation by European countries. These nations, in turn, use these goods to produce complex goods that are consumed extensively by the countries that supply the inputs. The resulting barrier is the discrepancy of economic power- hold across the divide. Lack of production and high consumption of their counterparts’ products cause their poverty. It should be noted that Ahmad critiques Islam religion of being used as a medium for escapism by Iranians and manipulation by the then Iranian government. The article, otherwise, seeks to remind Iranians of their potential in terms of their resources and earlier talents. One of the most common forms of occidentosis is division of large ancestral farmlands into small plots. This ideal also requires the use of tractors in these small plots. However, tractors require huge amount of fuel that Iran produces. This way fuel, which could have been profitably sold to foreign markets, is used in small-scale production in farming. Besides that, the farmers do not have repair units within their reach. Hectic transport further complicates this situation since farmers cannot easily reach town for repair. Consequently, Iran cannot adequately provide food for her population (Ahmad 36). Apart from that, urbanization, as an impact of occidentosis, retards development. The urban dwellers are driven by the motive of consumption and working from offices rather than entrepreneurship and innovation. In turn, they leave arable farmlands that they could have convert into feasible economical use. In town, they live in cramped spaces and eat complex manufactured foods that Western countries produce. In addition, urban dwellers require high cost insecurity than their small economies can afford. This is because previous family units divide into smaller units that require higher dispensation of security ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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