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Critical review of Lyotards The Post Modern Condition: On the Post-modernism of Jean Francois Lyotard - Essay Example

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It is a valid conclusion to make that while the postmodernist perspective can help us understand better our world, only some of its assertions are supported by strong evidence. Thus, the value of еру postmodernist theory is simply as important as all the other theories of sociology and should not be overrated. …
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Critical review of Lyotards The Post Modern Condition: On the Post-modernism of Jean Francois Lyotard
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Download file to see previous pages In the introduction section of his book, Lyotard declared the object of his study is to report “the condition of knowledge in the highly developed societies.” His working hypothesis is that “the status of knowledge is altered as societies enter what is known as the postmodern age”. According to Leotard, the transition “has been underway since at least the end of the 1950s, which for Europe marks the completion of reconstruction”. Lyotard asserted that the pace of postmodernization “is faster or slower depending on the country, and within countries it varies according to the sector of activity”. Lyotard emphasised that “scientific knowledge is a kind of discourse.” Lyotard said that “science has been always in conflict with narratives.” As to what has happened to the narratives, Lyotard said that “judged by the yardstick of science, the majority of them proved to be fables.” Science, according to Lyotard, has been “obliged to legitimate the rules of its own game” through philosophy. ...
3). Lyotard (1984, p. 3) emphasised that “scientific knowledge is a kind of discourse.” Lyotard (1984, p. xxiii) said that “science has been always in conflict with narratives.” As to what has happened to the narratives, Lyotard said that “judged by the yardstick of science, the majority of them proved to be fables.” Science, according to Lyotard (1984, p. xxiii), has been “obliged to legitimate the rules of its own game” through philosophy (Lyotard 1984, p. xxiii). Lyotard (1984, p. xxiii) used the term modern “to designate any science that legitimates itself with reference to a metadiscourse of this kind making an explicit appeal to some grand narrative, such as the dialectics of the Spirit, the hermeneutics of learning, the emancipation of the rational or working subject, or the creation of wealth.” According to Lyotard, the postmodern perspective on social bond is that it is exists in fabric of relations that is best understood in terms of language games. The language game “immediately positions the person who asks, as well as the addressee and the referent asked about” (1984, p. 15). The effects of a message or of a language vary depending on whether the languages used are “denotatives, prescriptives, evaluative, performatives, etc.” (Lyotard 1984, p. 16). In the language game, antagonism is given and there are rules (Lyotard 1984, p. 16-17); there are “orders in the army, prayer in church, denotation in the schools, narration in families, questions in philosophy, performativity in business” and bureaucratization serve as the boundary (Lyotard 1984, p. 16-17). Lyotard asserted that “knowledge is not the same as science” (1984, p. 18). According to Lyotard ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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