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Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell - Essay Example

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In the essay “Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell” the author analyses the novel which was written in the years immediately after the Second World War and was first published in 1949. The time of writing was a very significant one for the world because the details of all of the atrocities of the war…
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Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell
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Download file to see previous pages This paper explores how this novel responds to the post-war situation in three specific areas: gender, class and governmental power, showing how Orwell’s fictional text forewarns the reader about future trends in Western societies. The country that is described in Nineteen Eighty-Four is an imagined future version of Britain. 
The function of gender relations in this society appears to be purely for the production of children and the support of the Party since people sleep with each other regardless of family status but do not develop strong emotional ties with each other. Winston dislikes the coldness of this approach and he develops a love in his affair with Julia that is more like traditional human relationships where affection and desire also play a big part. The problem is, that such a love is forbidden in this new society and both he and Julia pursue it, even though they know that they are likely to be discovered and punished: “Both of them knew that it was lunacy. It was as though they were intentionally stepping nearer to their graves.” (Orwell: 1949, p. 114) Because the love with Julia is forbidden, and his meetings with her in private are a crime, this relationship represents Winston’s rebellion against the state: “Their embrace had been a battle, the climax a victory. It was a blow struck against the Party” (Orwell: 1949, p. 104) Relationships between men and women in this society are seriously disrupted by the state, and instead of a traditional system where men have more power than women, there is a system where both men and women are oppressed by the state: “But you could not have pure love or pure lust nowadays. No emotion was pure, because everything was mixed up with fear and hatred.” (Orwell: 1949, p. 104) This shows how human nature can be fundamentally changed through totalitarian power and is presents a shocking picture of human sexuality when there is no real freedom to make loving relationships. People betray each other all the time and lose the ability to tell right from wrong or to follow the desires of their own hearts. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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