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Gothic fiction - Essay Example

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Gothic fiction is a special genre, which was first introduced by an English author Horace Walpole with his novel “The Castle of Otranto.” …
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Download file to see previous pages Along with the ordinary characters some characters are weird and very unusual. They are fatal, monsters, devils, vampire, ghosts, skeletons, Wandering Jew etc. These unusual characters are the essential commodities for creating special effects and conveying certain message to the readers. This kind of fictions is precisely termed as Gothic because the subjects of this kind of fictions are very dark, and melancholy. They are often associated with some haunted buildings or castles or mansions which seem ghostlike. The term Gothic is used not only in literature but it is the part of art, paintings and architecture also. If the Gothic fiction is to be converted into a horror film, music plays a very crucial role. A certain kind of suspense and eerie music creates certain effects in films. The concept of Gothic Architecture is different and not exactly associated with the idea as used in literature. In case of gothic architecture, the building structure is not called Gothic because it is connected with mystery or ghost but because they have unique characteristics of Middle Age. The object of the paper is to find out some of the major attributes of Gothic Fictions with reference of some of the gothic novels. “The Castle of Otranto” “Frankenstein,” and some references of “The Monk,” are among the novels that have been taken for discussion. Before the further discussion, the term gothic fiction has been elaborated with the definitions and ideas of scholars about the term Gothic fiction. In his book Gothic Writing 1750-1820: A Genealogy, author Robert Miles takes the word Gothic and defines it in this manner:
What is Gothic? What is Gothic? My short answer is that the Gothic is a discursive site, a carnivalesque mode for representations of the fragmented subject. Both the generic multiplicity of the Gothic, and one might call its discursive primacy, effectively detach the Gothic from the tidy implicity of thinking of it as so many predictable, fictional conventions. This may end up making Gothic a more ambiguous, shifting term, but then the textual phenomena to which it points are shifting and ambiguous (28). In MacAndrew's general statement about the word Gothic she describes it as: a literature of nightmare. Among its conventions are found dream landscapes and figures of the subconscious imagination. Its fictional world gives form to amorphous fears and impulses common to all mankind, using an amalgam of materials, some torn from the authors own subconscious mind and some the stuff of myth, folklore, fairy tale, and romance. It conjures up beings--mad monks, vampires, and demons--and settings--forbidding cliffs and glowering buildings, stormy seas and the dizzying abyss--that have literary significance and the properties of dream symbolism as well. Gothic fiction gives shape to concepts of the place of evil in the human mind (3). Gothic literature flourished in Romantic Age that is between 1790 and 1830. Ann B. Tracy writes that the Gothic novel could be seen as a description of a fallen world. There are many characteristics of Gothic literature, and these characteristics have made this form one of the popular forms in literature. In the paper, a comparative study has been done between two novels of the same genre i.e. gothic ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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