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Geography and Crime - Essay Example

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The present essay under the title "Geography and Crime" dwells on the concept of crime mapping. As the author puts it, this is “the process of using a geographic information system to conduct spatial analysis of crime problems and other police-related issues”…
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Geography and Crime
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Download file to see previous pages With the advent however of powerful and advanced computer systems and technology, these people are taking a second look at crime mapping and have found it to be of utmost benefit to their work. Crime mapping helps police authorities to prevent, suppress and solve crimes as it enables them to locate, at a glance, hot spots in criminal activities and so deploys additional police resources to these areas to deter crimes. Crime mapping, however, affords more profound and more meaningful functions than merely moving off the dots, so to speak, from criminal-prone areas as it has become a very important tool for researchers and analysts in studying the underlying causes of crimes, giving law enforcement agencies and other governmental agencies basis for their strategies in minimizing, if not totally eliminating, these indicia of crimes.
The history of crime mapping reveals that authorities and crime researchers initially failed to realize its importance to crime solution. Crime mapping showed an uneventful beginning and was initially employed only to provide information for locating and visualizing certain crimes and other data regarding the population, like educational levels, that make up the components of certain areas in France. In the early 1800s, a lawyer and an ethnographer collaborated to map crimes against persons and property and educational levels of the French population using census and statistics data. What Adriano Balbi and Andre-Michel Guerry discovered from the mapping is that northeastern France had a better-educated population, property crime-prone areas had low incidences of attacks against persons and majority of the population of such areas was well-educated. Other than provide a visual picture of the French census and data, the two failed to see a spatial significance and correlation of the data vis-à-vis, like location, to crimes (Weisburd & McEwen 1998 pp 5-6). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Geography and Crime Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1731959-understanding-the-underlying-causes-of-crime-is-the-goal-of-crime-mapping-not-simply-creating-short-term-policies-to-move-the-dots-off-a-map-critically-examine
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Geography and Crime Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words. https://studentshare.org/law/1731959-understanding-the-underlying-causes-of-crime-is-the-goal-of-crime-mapping-not-simply-creating-short-term-policies-to-move-the-dots-off-a-map-critically-examine.
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