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New Labour System: Historical Perspective - Essay Example

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This research paper “New Labour System: Historical Perspective” intends to look into its formation (from cadres to mass, catch-all, and cartel) that later on developed into the New Labour System that currently governs the seat of power…
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New Labour System: Historical Perspective
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Download file to see previous pages Politics thus centers itself on an organization that systematically arranges people to work for the goal of winning a public office in a nation to influence its policies. Generally, a political party, as an organization seeks to attain power in the government by participating in election campaigns. The group's cause is geared towards winning public office in elections and influencing policy. Sometimes parties are not permitted to choose nor seek power through elections which is why so many turn to lobbying as a form of putting pressure or by working on the public opinion and sometimes even by violence and terrorism. Parties however often adhering to their own certain ideologies may also represent other disparate interests. In effect, some political parties are more concerned with recruiting individuals to give them power in selecting government officials. Other interest groups, however, are more concerned with public policy and involve themselves with the elections for the advancement of their own policy interests.
 British political history impresses pride in the formation of parties as large associations essentially composed of the formidable political organization into one which has achieved major social and political reforms over the years and during the 20th century. The major political parties include the reigning Labour Party; the Conservative as its opposition; the Cooperative Party and the Liberal Democrats. The future agenda according to Dalton (1988)1 of these political parties is to ensure that the values become deeply embedded in the culture to achieve the lasting economic and political scenario in Britain. These parties are groups of people who come together out of a common desire to obtain political power as a controlled group of elites contending for a position; cadres and sub-elites or the mass-membership party;(Downs 1957)2 that adhere to the joint formulation of interests around program platforms and the allocation of political values according to socially accepted preferences. The aggregations of functions, in particular, seem to have been threatened over the past 30 years that is most notably seen by the inability of mainstream parties to mobilize citizens (Dalton and Wattenberg 2000)3. The declining membership levels-overall patterns from the 1960s point towards a significant fall in the numbers of party members (Katz and Mair 1994).
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