StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Article Review of A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Alternative Device Configurations for Aviation-Checked Baggage Security Screening - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Article Review of a Cost Benefit Analysis Name: Institution: Article Review of a Cost Benefit Analysis The September 11 terrorist attack of 2001 in the US sparked off the aviation industry’s drastic changes in security matters. Approximately 1,100 and 6,000 explosive detection systems (EDS) and explosive trace detection (ETD) machines respectively were in use in the 429 commercial airports throughout the nation by 2003…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.6% of users find it useful
Article Review of A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Alternative Device Configurations for Aviation-Checked Baggage Security Screening
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Article Review of A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Alternative Device Configurations for Aviation-Checked Baggage Security Screening"

Download file to see previous pages The article is an evaluation of the technologies deployed in the explosive detection and their cost effectiveness, including possible future technologies. It considers both two-device and single-device systems and their associated annual operating costs. According to Jacobson et al (2005), the Federal Aviation Administration used the computer aided passenger prescreening system (CAPPS) in 1998 to determine which passengers to clear from being potential security risks and which not to clear. A cost model quantifying the expected yearly cost of screening various combinations of potential risks and non-risks was developed and analyzed, basing on data available before September 11, 2011. The article established that excess screening of non-risk EDS baggage increases annual costs but the security increase per dollar used on the exercise is marginal, as opposed to the significantly enhanced security when only high-risk EDS baggage is screened. In the article, the cost model is extended to integrate the effect of deterrence. The authors define deterrence as the effect screening more checked baggage has on the system’s threat level. Ideally, it is the reduction of threat levels in the system, and, depending on the apparent cost of terrorist occurrence, screening 100 percent checked baggage effectively deters terrorist activities. As described by the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA), attention directed towards high-risk and non-risk passengers are almost similar, since both ETDs and EDSs are used by the TSA to achieve 100 percent checked baggage screening. Deviating from previous work that concentrated on EDSs, a cost model is introduced by this article’s authors to measure the associated cost benefits of various configurations that involve both ETDs and EDSs. Additionally, they also introduce two alternatives; the dual energy backscatter (BACK) and XRAY machines, although they are currently not certified by the TSA. The data supporting the cost models is classified into probability, cost, time and volume parameters, which are random variables based on testing before a device is granted TSA certification. The probability of checked baggage containing a threat is evaluated by TSA personnel based on the perceived level of threat and changes according to intelligence information. TSA uses three factors in determining a security device’s effective lifetime. The device should become obsolete technically after certain years irrespective of usage and be replaced. Then it must wear out after prescribed years regardless of volumes handled, and after processing a prescribed volume, it must be replaced regardless of years of service. Technology distinguishes between a device alarm and system alarm in a multiple device system, where an alarm may be triggered by an object at any device within the system, or an alarm is triggered at every device along an objects path. The effectiveness of multiple device systems is that devices provide a check for each other and an alarm is only given by the system if there is agreement in all devices in an object’s path. By the time of publishing the article, multiple device s ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Article Review of A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Alternative Device Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1475147-article-review-of-a-cost-benefit-analysis-of
(Article Review of A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Alternative Device Essay)
https://studentshare.org/law/1475147-article-review-of-a-cost-benefit-analysis-of.
“Article Review of A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Alternative Device Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1475147-article-review-of-a-cost-benefit-analysis-of.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Article Review of A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Alternative Device Configurations for Aviation-Checked Baggage Security Screening

Analysis of Early Childhood Education in New Zealand

... Analysis of Early Childhood Education in New Zealand Early childhood education in New Zealand includes education of the child from birth until entry into school. National curriculum reforms started in New Zealand in 1980s to improve the quality of education and lay a stronger foundation thereby ensuring a future successful participation by young people, the economy, and in New Zealand society (Brewerton, 1996). The development of the guidelines for the national curriculum to improve the quality of early education was a part of this process. New Zealand is the first country in the world to have introduced national Early Childhood Curriculum called Te Whariki or the woven mat. The developers of Te Whariki ensured a high degree...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

National Security: the Protection of the Nations Citizens

... National Security When Presidents speak of national security, they are describing decisions and actions intended to protect the nation’s citizens. President John Kennedy faced the most prominent threat to national security in the history of the country during the Cuban Missile Crisis. President George W. Bush was largely elected to his second term because of his perceived competence regarding national security following the most deadly and dramatic attack on American soil by foreign enemies since the Revolutionary War. Several factors were involved in making one’s national security policies successful and another’s wildly unsuccessful. The Cuban Missile Crisis is the closest that the United States and the USSR have ever come...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article

Analysis of All Changes Great or Small Exploring Approaches to Change and Its Leadership Article by Higgs and Rowland

The change referred to in this context includes a broad array of topics. From an individual perspective, the change may be a new behavior. From a business perspective, the change may be a new business process and/or new technology. From a societal perspective, the change may be a new public policy or the passing of new legislation. Successful change, however, requires more than a new process, technology or public policy. Successful change may require the engagement and participation of the people involved. Change management provides a framework for managing the people side of these changes. The most recent research points to a combination of organizational change management tools and individual change management models for effecti...
13 Pages (3250 words) Article

Analysis of Multiculturalism in a Global Society

...Analysis of Multiculturalism in a Global Society As the years have gone by the world has become a landscape in which different cultures have become integrated to form a global society. This society is a blend of different cultures which have come together to provide our world in which the traditions and customs that make us unique have either benefited or at times negatively impacted society. A phenomenon that has influenced human interaction in the 21st century is called multiculturalism. Multiculturalism can be defined as a philosophy that recognizes ethnic diversity within a society and that encourages others to be enlightened by worthwhile contributions by those of diverse ethnic backgrounds. This paper discusses how different aspects...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article

Alternative Methods of Accounting

Accounting has always been a self-regulated profession. After the 2nd half of the 20th-century changes in accounting occurred due to the influence of private organizations such as the FASB.  In the United States, accountants followed the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to guide their everyday work. Accounting is a discipline that is very strict in its ways and does not welcome change well. In the aftermath of the Enron and WorldCom scandal, the government had to force change with the creation of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 due to a lack of trust in financial information. 

The efficient market hypothesis states that securities are typically in equilibrium and that they are fairly priced in th...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Analysis of Educational Website

... Analysis of Educational Website Introduction Since antiquity, education remained a major component of human societies; however, until few decades ago, it existed in the society in its traditional and conventional form that involved one-to-one interaction of teachers with their students in classrooms. Since few years, educators and scholars have witnessed rapid advancements in the field of information and technology that has altered almost every sector of the society in a rapid manner, and so the education sector as well. In such advancements, internet has now become one of the most popular platforms for students, teachers, businesspersons, and individuals from every sector to acquire education and information within few clicks and minutes...
7 Pages (1750 words) Article

Analysis of Banker's Work Concerning Manufacturing Overhead Cost Drivers

...Critical Analysis of Banker et al.’s “An empirical analysis of manufacturing overhead cost drivers 0. Introduction and overview This work is a critical analysis of the work of Rajiv Banker, Gordon Potter, and Roger Schroeder on “An empirical analysis of manufacturing overhead cost drivers.” The work was published in the Journal of Accounting & Economics in 1995. When the authors wrote their work, Rajiv Banker and Roger Schroeder were with the Carlson School of Management in the University of Minnesota. Gordon Potter were with the School of Hotel Administration of the Cornell University. The Journal of Accounting and Economics received the work in April 1992 and the final version by July 1994 before the work was finally published in 1995...
20 Pages (5000 words) Article

Analysis of Brand Management

...Analysis of Brand Management Executive Summary Brand management is a process of managing the brand in a manner that can assist in generating positive results for the organisation. The new brand that has been created for Ford Motors is Ford Nuovo. The selected brand name seems to be quite attractive and signifies something ‘new’. The slogan that the car will make use of is “Let’s experience something better” and hence connotes innovativeness. The car will be positioned as being user friendly, offering high mileage with quite low operational cost along with a reasonable price. It will prove to grab the interest of the young and stylish segment of customers’. Ford Nuovo will also make secondary brand associations by means of being one...
13 Pages (3250 words) Article

The Fourteenth Amendment Analysis

...Q: 1 On a legal standpoint, reasonable suspicion must depend on the content of information under the possession of police officers, and the level of its reliability. Legally, the court insists on the quality of the information at hand, and its quantity. In Alabama vs. White, the police received a call informing them on a suspicious person, leaving the Lynwood Terrace Apartments. She had a brown car, with taillights. The police took notice of the car, and when they confronted her, she conceded of having cocaine. The issue under contention is whether the anonymous tip, amounted to reasonable suspicion. The court was of the opinion that such an act amounts to reasonable suspicion (Engdahl, 2009). The court was of the opinion... 1 On a legal st...
3 Pages (750 words) Article

Analysis of Managing Innovation

...Analysis of Managing Innovation Introduction Over the years, issues of intellectual property has become a slippery slope that has contained few winners, and many losers. On the one hand, modern society depends on constant innovation and ingenuity in order to continue to progress as a civilization. On the other hand, few individuals have the resources to act upon their ingenuity when left to their own devices, so much research and development is done in a collective environment where the lines are often blurred as to who truly ‘owns’ the progress that is made. If a person feels that their mind and hard word are being used by others, they will tend to move away from the more creative projects that have served to advance many causes...
10 Pages (2500 words) Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Article Review of A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Alternative Device Configurations for Aviation-Checked Baggage Security Screening for FREE!

Contact Us