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The Health Risk of HIV/AIDS in Corrections - Essay Example

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The Health Risk of HIV/AIDS in Corrections Name: Institution: The Health Risk of HIV/AIDS in Corrections Introduction HIV/AIDS is a grave apprehension for prisons, as well as jails. The figure of high-risk prisoners has increased spectacularly in current years as a consequence of the warfare on drugs…
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The Health Risk of HIV/AIDS in Corrections
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Download file to see previous pages This will be done by looking into three controversial matters that face prison administrators, which are compulsory HIV testing, segregation, and instructive programs. Many prisoners take part in the kinds of high-risk conduct throughout confinement, which pose a noteworthy danger of viral spread. Even though, stages of activity differ amid facilities, mutually illicit sex, as well as drug injection, does occur in correctional facilities. Other inmates have contracted HIV/AIDS from tattooing. Correctional supervisors are faced with complicated matters as they come up with guiding principles, which will have the capacity to avert the HIV virus spread within the correction institution. These issues include undertaking compulsory HIV testing, if persons infected should be segregated, the proper content of instructive programs intended to decrease the height of high-risk conduct, as well as the condom distribution inquiry (Section 27 Catalysts for Justice, 2004). Prevalence and Transmission of HIV with Correctional Institutions In the year 1995, the Bureau of Justice reported that 24,226 prisoners had the AIDS virus. Projected 20% of these people had developed to full-blown AIDS. Globally, the rate of AIDS incidents amid prisoners is approximately six times bigger when compared to the entire grown up US populace. Within the USA, the majority of institutional HIV/AIDS instances have been made out among people with accounts of intravenous drug utilization before incarceration. The most wide-ranging evaluation to date, discovered that just 0.3% of a sample of male prisoners in Illinois who had firstly been seronegative, examined to be positive subsequent to spending a year within prison. On the other hand, even the 0.3% in a year interprets into a 6% danger of HIV infectivity following 20 years on imprisonment. Additionally, a study discovered a frighteningly elevated rate of infectivity amid prisoners who had been incessantly imprisoned since the commencement of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This study proposes that prisoners have a considerable danger of being infected with HIV while in prison. It is comprehensible that institutional spread of HIV does occur (Blumberg & Laster, 1992). Mandatory HIV Screening Public health administrators in the US have tried to manage HIV spread though education, deliberate testing, as well as counseling of people who might be at soaring risk of HIV. This is with the exemption of migrants, blood donors, along with military recruits, the majority has been done on a choosing basis. Since the commencement of the epidemic, it has been highly debated if the policy ought to be practiced within correctional facilities. This is because correctional institutions have countless people who have shown an aptitude to take part in antisocial mannerisms, as well as homosexual goings-on there have been recurrent calls by correctional administrators for the compulsory testing of prisoners (PASAN, 2002). Mass screening offers correctional officials with a chance to target instruction, as well as prevention programs. Infected prisoners have the capacity to be put under special management so that they cannot spread the virus other inmates. This policy will also offer a more precise projection concerning the number of prospect AIDS instances that will expand in an institution. Correctional administrators will have the capacity to plan more efficiently, as well as seek a proper level of financial support to meet ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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