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The Supreme Court - Assignment Example

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POL 120 Spring 2012 Exam 2 Name Institution POL 120 Spring 2012 Exam 2 Question 1 Explain how the Supreme Court changed its view on de jure segregation and the 14th Amendment’s guarantee of “equal protection of the laws” from its ruling in Plessy v Ferguson to Brown v…
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Download file to see previous pages This is a clear indication that both have equal protection of the law regarding the rights that human beings should enjoy. This decision overrules the one offered by Plessy v Ferguson that allowed segregation in state- sponsored schools. The state should not provide separate educational facilities based on race since all people are equal, they should receive equal treatment. The court ruled de Jure segregation as a violation of Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution of the United States. This crucial factor paves way for the civil rights movements and integration (Losco and Baker, 2011, p. 15). Question 2 Why do liberals oppose health insurance to cover laws such as abortion restrictions while favoring laws that require contraception? Answer Liberals feel that abortion is a personal choice that people should not interfere with since it involves a woman’s body, her future, and personal health. Liberals feel that the life of children and parents is better when abortion is legal. This is because it prevents women from undertaking desperate measures to obtain illegal abortions. Provided abortion happens in a medically controlled environment with proper medical practitioners, then it should not be restricted. In areas where people have limited knowledge concerning contraceptives and sex education, abortion is necessary to control families in a state. Abortion is necessary in cases of rape, where the health of a woman is in risk, incest, congenital disorder, and financial constraints. Liberals require health insurance to cover the laws favoring contraception since they play a significant role in reduction of abortions (Losco and Baker, 2011, p. 19). An affirmative action is an action that favors those who tend to suffer from discrimination. Question 3 How can family, peers and school influence someone’s opinion on affirmative action? (6 points) Answer Families influence the affirmative action that one takes in a situation. The close bond and relationship that exists between family members’ influences a person’s decision. This bond forces people to weigh things differently and act accordingly to appease them. Peer pressure and school also influence a person’s affirmative action. In schools, teachers discourage discrimination as it leads to conflict among individuals. The law of a state also does not give room for discrimination making its practice a violation of law, which should face accusation (Losco and Baker, 2011, p. 27). Peer pressure is tremendously influential, as one tends to act the way peer friends act. Depending on the level of education of the peer group and their beliefs, the group interferes with the decision that one makes. The group might affect a person positively or negatively, and hence, every person has a responsibility to ensure that the effect is to their advantage. Question 4 Why did the Dred Scott decision make the Civil War more likely and lead to the 14th Amendment of the US Constitution? (7 points) Answer The Dred Scott decision is a ruling of the Supreme Court that the people of African descent could never become U. S. citizens. The court ruled the slaves as private property and, hence, led to Civil war. The slaves are people just like the citizens and oppose the way the citizens treat them as chattels. This gave them the motivation to oppose slavery since even in freed states; the free slaves enjoyed the rights of citizens. From the opposition experienced, the government found an amendment that is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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