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Controlling Organized Crime Paper - Essay Example

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Controlling Organized Crime Controlling Organized Crime The expansion of international trade, together with the stimulations of globalization has broadened and diversified the range of organized crime activities. The nature of organized crime has been changing from the conventional hierarchical groups into loose networks operating together with the intention of exploiting unexplored market opportunities…
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Controlling Organized Crime Paper
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Download file to see previous pages Organized crime is often identified as a part of social system which allows reciprocal services to be carried performed by criminals. Large-scale organized crime is regarded as the most significant threat to human security, encumbering the cultural, social, economic, and political development of the society. It has been considered as a multi-faceted phenomenon which is evidently associated with different activities like drug transport, illegally transporting human beings, illegal trafficking of firearms, smuggling, money laundering, and many more. Especially, drug smuggling is the one that generates huge amount of profits. The evidences about the association between smuggling drugs and other forms of transnational crime demand an effectively integrated approach to address the particular issue. The United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) is on their efforts to perform closely with Governments, international organizations, and civil societies to reinforce the collaboration to counteract the influence of organized crime and drug transporting (UNODC 2011). The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime is one of the major international instruments to counter organized crime (UNODC, 2011). The UNODC undertakes measures and uses the provisions of the Convention to formulate policies that counter the problems of domestic criminal offences. The policies include suggestion to implement new mutual legal assistance in order to facilitate extradition, law enforcement cooperation, technical assistance and training (UNODC, 2011). Organized crime can be in many forms when people start to work together, and the smallest crime where just two persons have agreed to contribute together is also considered to be “organized crime”, progressively leading to highest levels of Mafias among the gangs of immigrants. And such gangs have traditionally become a kind of half way house for recent immigrants. According to Levitt and Dubner (2005), the historical figures show that there were more than 1,300 street gangs, catering to every ethnic, political, and criminal issues in Chicago alone. Developing from these patterns, the society faces with issues from motorcycle gangs to the Black Disciples ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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