StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Subject October 15, 2011 Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption Introduction: The basic idea behind policing is to focus on prevention of crimes and other social disorders, in order to ensure peace and tranquility in a community…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.8% of users find it useful
Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption"

Download file to see previous pages Both require seeing eye to eye in many crucial subjects of crime and crime fighting, and require working hand in hand for achieving the desired objectives in fighting crime. Corruption is one of the major problems that the community confronts in the present day. Therefore, the law enforcement agencies need to evolve various methods to tackle the problems arising out of this evil. In many cases it happens that police themselves are corrupted. Thus, to prevent the occurrence of corruption in various circumstances, the government must adopt suitable measures to tackle the issue. The main idea behind policing all over the world is to dramatically decrease the rate and occurrence of corruption as well as to create a crime free zone. Proper implementation of policing can relieve onerous obligations and responsibilities of law enforcement agencies along with eliminating anti social conduct in its precepts. Besides, the use of non uniformed and civilian volunteer resources will add to a higher crime free atmosphere and also achieve the advantages of employing other enhancements. Sometimes, the police may misuse their own authority and resort to corruption which would in turn negatively affect the society. The society has grappled amidst various issues of corruption and misconduct since the time it was fended for by police officers. Throughout the mid-to-late nineteenth century, private police forces were common and agents of Pinkerton's as well as agents for-hire services turned out to be notorious as strong employers used violence and vehemently ended strikes. “The key federal criminal statute makes it unlawful for anyone acting with police authority to deprive or conspire to deprive another person of any right protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States (Section 18 U.S.C. § 241 [2000]). Another statute, commonly referred to as the police misconduct provision, makes it unlawful for state or local police to engage in a pattern or practice of conduct that deprives persons of their rights (42 U.S.C.A. 14141 [2000]” (Police Corruption and Misconduct par. 5). Tim Newburn, in his article, ‘Understanding and Preventing Police Corruption: Lessons from the Literature’ defines the concept of police corruption. A police officer makes use of his or her position, by act or omission, to achieve improper monetary advantage, bribes and extra-job policy mistreatment, gratuities that may or may not be illegal. Various corruption practices of the police officers include bribery, fabrication or total destruction of relevant evidence, aggression and brutality, racial discrimination and favoritism or discrimination. These are the common ways of corruption that one can see in the society. Factors that may cause corruption are: a) Stable or constant aspect (factors)- Discretion, low administrative visibility, low community visibility, peer group confidentiality, managerial confidentiality, problems related to status and influence of law breakers. b) Variable aspect (factors) - Community configuration, organizational features, social association of corruption, legal chances for corruption, control of corruption and finally ethical cynicism. (Newburn 1999). Rich Martin, M.S in his article ‘Police Corruption an Analytical Look into Police Ethics’, says that the enforcement of police could relieve the onerous duties and responsibilities of law enforcement agencies in this country and is expected to reduce crime and anti social conduct in its precepts. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1433183-project
(Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/law/1433183-project.
“Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1433183-project.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption

Representation of the Religious Conflicts in the Literature of England

Following the breakdown of monastic institutions and scholasticism in late medieval Europe and the failure of conciliar reform, the sixteenth century saw the fermenting of a great cultural debate about religious reforms and later about fundamental religious values. The failure of the conciliar movement led to the Protestant Reformation in the European West. (Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia). Writers of the seventeenth century harvested the fruits of the religious revolution and the bitter religious conflicts of the sixteenth century. It is, in fact, difficult to consider much of the literature of the time apart from its religious implications. In some of the works of this time, there is an aura of struggle and a self-inflicted...
11 Pages (2750 words) Case Study

English Literature - the Post-War Fiction

And, one of the written forms through which the author will reflect all his/ her ‘events influenced thought process’, is the fiction. So, from early centuries, fictions have been a great medium to imprint one’s life as well as to see and read one’s life. And, Writers from the United Kingdom also wrote events influenced fictions as a variation to plays. And this paper will analyze the event of World Wars and its impact, as an aspect of modernism, and then demonstrate its use in the modernist writing, “The Happy Autumn Fields” written by the Irish born English author, Elizabeth Bowen.

Among an assortment of events of the 20th century, the two World Wars only impacted the people en masse...
12 Pages (3000 words) Term Paper

Cultural History Versus Political History: The Varying Methods of the Two Fathers of History

Even though they have these similarities and have both been bestowed with the same title, these two historians drastically differed in their approaches.

Herodotus had another title bestowed upon him; he was also called the “Father of Lies.” Much of what is known of him has been gathered from his own writings as few other sources are available from his actual life. It should also be noted that the veracity of this information is in question as Herodotus was known to invent much in his own work, and it was sometimes the practice in Ancient Greece to attribute events from the life of one person to another; for instance, it has been questioned if the accounts of Herodotus’ exile are only due to the fact th...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

Effective Methods of Teaching Anatomy

Herein, comparisons will be made to highlight the differences in using anatomical models for study versus self-directed (usually textbook) learning. As well, the use of tutors as an advantage in the medical classroom will be discussed.

Some students are hands-on learners. For them, three-dimensional (3D) anatomical models are effective. “Exploratory tools enable users to investigate structures in ways not possible in the real world” (Implementing, para. 3). These 3D models can represent just about any part of the human body. Models are available of small structures, like the head, or of the entire human skeleton. Models of the entire human body can also be purchased. Some of them even have removable parts so...
6 Pages (1500 words) Report

Myths and Stereotypes on Womens Madness in Feminist Literature

The ultimate salvation and expression of a woman lie in providing mental support to the ever so creative man, they went on convincing young, aspiring young women. It was this background that prompted Sylvia Plath to create the character, Buddy Willard’s mother and, make her say the sentence, “what a man is is an arrow into the future and what a woman is is the place the arrow shoots off from…,” (Plath, 1972, p.58) in her novel, Bell Jar.

Anybody that refuses to conform to the norms and conventions of the society stands the risk of being branded mad. Madness is a revolt of the psyche against the social conditioning that every human being acquires from his or her surroundings. Esther goes mad prim...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Infrastructure Application and Review: France

Referring specifically to the country’s water network, Jacobson et al. (1995) notice that ‘although waterworks facilities in France are predominantly government-owned, private firms operate and manage most systems under an array of contracting and leasing arrangements’ (Jacobson et al., 1995, online article). The above study describes the general terms under which the development of infrastructure systems in France is progressing. It should be noticed at this point that in France, the government’s policies regarding the development of infrastructure systems were not always effective – moreover, they were rather limited. Indeed, in a report published by the OECD in 2005, it is noticed that ‘in 19...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

Research Methods in Linguistics

 The writer of content tries to preserve his/her culture and also wants his/her culture to get attached to his/her recent living due to which, he/she makes use of the bilingual aspect to write a narrative.

Because of this writing, the English reader faces some problem in decoding the meaning but he/she realizes the presence of another culture by means of this writing. Many writers provide a glossary at the end so that the readers face no problem in decoding the words given in another language such as Soueif has done but many take it for granted that readers know the other language as well.

The article contains a detailed evaluation of the novel by Soueif which can be categorized as the strength of the re...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Critical Review of Goth: Identity, Style and Subculture by Paul Hodkinson

The allure from this standpoint is seen by the author. This report measures mainly the methodology that Hodkinson uses, which is grounded theory research, and the report also examines questions of fixed vs. flexible research. The findings of the research are briefly presented before the current research investigation concludes.

The Goth subculture is founded on principles of viewing some of what society outside this subculture, or mainstream culture, views as abhorrent or negative. There is some fetish tendency in this subculture towards the macabre and death, with face-paint style makeup and mourning clothing being prominent features of belongingness, which are certainly not reflective of mainstream fashion and makeup....
6 Pages (1500 words) Book Report/Review

Alternative Methods of Accounting

Accounting has always been a self-regulated profession. After the 2nd half of the 20th-century changes in accounting occurred due to the influence of private organizations such as the FASB.  In the United States, accountants followed the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to guide their everyday work. Accounting is a discipline that is very strict in its ways and does not welcome change well. In the aftermath of the Enron and WorldCom scandal, the government had to force change with the creation of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 due to a lack of trust in financial information. 

The efficient market hypothesis states that securities are typically in equilibrium and that they are fairly priced in th...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Comparative Review of Welfare System

In order to compare the welfare system of the three proposed countries, it is important to first develop a comparative method that would guide in comparing the three states. For the purpose of this paper, a binary comparison would be conducted. The implicit comparison would deal with Britain while the explicit comparison would explore the USA and Canada. Thereby a small N’ study would be used, that is, of three countries.
The three countries selected to share a similarity in the form that these countries are a welfare state. This is when welfare is mainly funded by the state. While the USA and Canada focus on the liberal welfare state, the welfare state of the UK is not quite defined.
The comparison of the welfare...
8 Pages (2000 words) Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption for FREE!

Contact Us