Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption - Research Paper Example

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Subject October 15, 2011 Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption Introduction: The basic idea behind policing is to focus on prevention of crimes and other social disorders, in order to ensure peace and tranquility in a community…
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Literature Review: Policing, Corruption and Methods to Reduce Corruption
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Download file to see previous pages Both require seeing eye to eye in many crucial subjects of crime and crime fighting, and require working hand in hand for achieving the desired objectives in fighting crime. Corruption is one of the major problems that the community confronts in the present day. Therefore, the law enforcement agencies need to evolve various methods to tackle the problems arising out of this evil. In many cases it happens that police themselves are corrupted. Thus, to prevent the occurrence of corruption in various circumstances, the government must adopt suitable measures to tackle the issue. The main idea behind policing all over the world is to dramatically decrease the rate and occurrence of corruption as well as to create a crime free zone. Proper implementation of policing can relieve onerous obligations and responsibilities of law enforcement agencies along with eliminating anti social conduct in its precepts. Besides, the use of non uniformed and civilian volunteer resources will add to a higher crime free atmosphere and also achieve the advantages of employing other enhancements. Sometimes, the police may misuse their own authority and resort to corruption which would in turn negatively affect the society. The society has grappled amidst various issues of corruption and misconduct since the time it was fended for by police officers. Throughout the mid-to-late nineteenth century, private police forces were common and agents of Pinkerton's as well as agents for-hire services turned out to be notorious as strong employers used violence and vehemently ended strikes. “The key federal criminal statute makes it unlawful for anyone acting with police authority to deprive or conspire to deprive another person of any right protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States (Section 18 U.S.C. § 241 [2000]). Another statute, commonly referred to as the police misconduct provision, makes it unlawful for state or local police to engage in a pattern or practice of conduct that deprives persons of their rights (42 U.S.C.A. 14141 [2000]” (Police Corruption and Misconduct par. 5). Tim Newburn, in his article, ‘Understanding and Preventing Police Corruption: Lessons from the Literature’ defines the concept of police corruption. A police officer makes use of his or her position, by act or omission, to achieve improper monetary advantage, bribes and extra-job policy mistreatment, gratuities that may or may not be illegal. Various corruption practices of the police officers include bribery, fabrication or total destruction of relevant evidence, aggression and brutality, racial discrimination and favoritism or discrimination. These are the common ways of corruption that one can see in the society. Factors that may cause corruption are: a) Stable or constant aspect (factors)- Discretion, low administrative visibility, low community visibility, peer group confidentiality, managerial confidentiality, problems related to status and influence of law breakers. b) Variable aspect (factors) - Community configuration, organizational features, social association of corruption, legal chances for corruption, control of corruption and finally ethical cynicism. (Newburn 1999). Rich Martin, M.S in his article ‘Police Corruption an Analytical Look into Police Ethics’, says that the enforcement of police could relieve the onerous duties and responsibilities of law enforcement agencies in this country and is expected to reduce crime and anti social conduct in its precepts. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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