Defeating corruption to help development - Coursework Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
This research will begin with the nature of corruption and human behavioral reasons behind corruption. The researcher of this paper continued with the issue of corruption as a national epidemic and the case of Russia in the post-communist regime…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
Defeating corruption to help development
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Defeating corruption to help development"

Download file to see previous pages From this research it is clear that when citizens become the custodian of the goods and services of the State, it is indeed a great and an honorable responsibility. Simultaneously, they are also entrusted with the duty of distributing these goods among the society on behalf of the country’s Government. The public servants have to manage large amount of the State’s resources for their work. In many situations, the government officials are lured into securing a part of the State’s resources for their personal benefit. This is usually accomplished by adopting some unfair means. Such an activity of exploiting a public service for some personal gain is known as “corruption”. Examples of corrupt illegal practices include offering and accepting of bribes, practicing black-market activities, stealing public resources etc. Corruption has affected most of the bureaucratic systems of the modern-day countries. Both senior government officials as well as low-ranked public servants have been found to be engaged in unlawful activities. The corruptive malpractices have gradually eaten into the health of the public service organizations. They have originated from different social and institutional factors and have now become deeply embedded in the social system of countries. The illegal activities are prevalent on a regular basis and have come to be accepted as an integral part of the bureaucratic systems. In many countries corruption has become so endemic that it is perceived as normal. People are not necessarily genetically programmed to pay bribes, yet they do it for a range of complex and deeply-seated institutional and social reasons. It is more difficult to break this cycle of normality than penalizing individual corrupt acts. Thus, Governments of different countries have encountered numerous difficulties in eradicating corruption. In the early 1990s, the Russian authorities had to implement a number of institutional reforms to tackle corruption in the public as well as the private sector. The nature of Corruption Corruption is defined as the ‘abuse of public office for private gain’ (USAID, 2005). It refers to the malpractice of taking undue advantage of an existing system for catering to some personal requirement. Governments of different countries have introduced various public service programs for the benefit of the local population, especially the poor section of society. However, most of these public service systems have been the breeding ground for corruptive practices. According to the USAID Anticorruption Strategy (ACS), corruption pollutes the fair and unbiased system of the national democratic institutions by placing them at the discretion of the privileged class citizens. This reduces the efficiency of the public service systems: the goods and services meant to be delivered to the poor population are channelized elsewhere. These corruptive practices act as a huge barrier to the governmental efforts of promoting social, political and economic development of the society. Thus, corruption is a significant hindrance to the economic development of a nation (USAID, 2005, p.8). Corruption is prevalent in varying degrees in almost all economies of the world. The national Governments have implemented a number of measures to deal with this bad practice. They have mainly adopted a two-pronged strategy in this context. On one hand, they have tightened the rules and regulations of the bureaucratic systems to prevent the incidence of corruption among the public servants. On the other hand, governments have also administered strict punishment to the citizens found guilty of being involved in corruptive practices. (USAID, 2005. P.8-9s) Human Behavioral Reasons behind Corruption Human Psychologists and Behavior Specialists have tried to trace the origins of corruption to help them understand the reason as to why normal people indulge in such unlawful behavior. Human society has been plagued by corruptive malpractices right from the ancient times. The old civilizations like India bear ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Defeating corruption to help development Coursework”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1394259-defeating-corruption-to-help-development
(Defeating Corruption to Help Development Coursework)
https://studentshare.org/law/1394259-defeating-corruption-to-help-development.
“Defeating Corruption to Help Development Coursework”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1394259-defeating-corruption-to-help-development.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
de
devonteoconner added comment 9 months ago
Student rated this paper as
The topic of "Defeating corruption to help development" is quite popular among the assignments in college. Still, this sample opens a brand new perspective of seeing the problem. I’ll use the manner for my own sample.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Defeating corruption to help development

Police Corruption

...of corruption where the police officials are not paid adequately and engage in bribery and other financial gains to empower them. However in places where officers are reasonably well paid, the perceive mismatch or difference between the salary and duty develops corruption. Similarly, if the officer feels unequal treatment in comparison with the other officers, this would also tempt and attract him/her towards corruption. Association with Lawbreakers: There are certain people who cannot carry out their business without the interference of police officers. With low visibility, code of secrecy and opportunity to make more money, officers tend to support such people and...
17 Pages(4250 words)Research Paper

Corruption

..., the Transparency International developed its national chapter system to cater to the issues of determining when a certain custom becomes a violation of the norm and be considered a practice of corruption. According to TI, an abuse of power for personal gain or a tapping of public or common resources into private pockets is unacceptable in all cultures and societies (www.transparency.org, Frequently Asked Questions about Corruption). Myint (2000) on the other hand claims that corruption is universal. According to Myint (2000), it exists in all countries, both developed and developing countries. Corruption also subsists...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Canadas Involvement in Defeating the Apartheid System

...?Canada’s Involvement in Defeating the Apartheid System Introduction When the American Civil War ended and equality in all its aspects reigned, the world was convinced that there will never be a government again that would try to sow the seeds of pertinacious cruelty and grave injustice. Nevertheless, this belief was proven wrong when traces of racial inequality in South Africa were revealed among the member states of the United Nations. It became more apparent when the South African government implemented the apartheid system. The series of events demonstrating the evil effects of the brutal policy had caught the attention of powerful and rich countries like United States and Canada. Together with the other concerned...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Economic Development and Corruption

...?Running Header: Economic Development and Corruption: Economic Development and Corruption Semester Module Economic development is a broad concept. It includes the concerted actions of policy makers to improve the overall standards of a society in important fields such as standard of living, education, health, infrastructure and meeting the important economic aims and targets. These targets include price stability, controlling unemployment, achieving high levels of economic growth and making sure that the economy is in the state of balance in terms of international trade and balance of payment. If an economy grows in the all of the above said facets, that one can assume that the economy is developing. In a developing economy... there is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Police corruption

...and costs them their integrity and public image. Generally, most corruption practices can be categorized under either petty corruption, grand corruption or systemic corruption, and further classified into their specific types (Mishra, 2006). The differences are rooted in the involved participants, the norms violated by the corrupt act, the wider context in which the corrupt act takes place and its purpose, motive or outcome. It is on such analytical distinctions that the origins and consequences of corruption are explored and tackled. Occurring within government norms and established social structures, petty...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Administrative corruption

... for the increase in the cost of commodities, funneling of scarce public resources, leading to uneconomic projects at the expense of the need projects by the public such as schools, hospitals and improvement of infrastructure in the society, and it also contributes to misallocation of resource, conversion of public wealth to private property, inflation, Imbalance in economic development, and weakling of the work ethics and professionalism (Transparency Ethiopia, 2012). On the other hand, increase in the rate of crime and accidents are a clear reflection of the magnitude of the effect of police corruption; besides, lack of security in a region that inhibits development in the society (Kaufmann and Vicente, 2). Consequences People... the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Political Corruption

...and economic development and the question of how to effectively hold corruption and scandal. Conventional perception is that corruption harms rule of law, demoralizes the society, and inhibits economic growth. But it is more often assumed than tested and proven. And on the politics political scandal is a black spot which restrain the flow of development and create a haphazard situation on the society breaking the peace and harmony. 2. CorruptionCorruption is a disease, a cancer that eats into the cultural, political and economic fabric of society, and destroys the functioning of vital organs. In the words of Transparency International,...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Does democracy help or hinder development

...Democracy and poverty Does democracy help or hinder development? Poverty and political instability are endemic to much of the world. Unfortunately for many people poverty is a feature of daily life. Political instability - meaning dictatorship, political violence and coup d’etat, - is also prevalent in many regions of the world. Seeking to address the linkages between poverty and political instability, this essay will explore the relationship between these two diverse, although seemingly interdependent phenomena. Does poverty breed political instability? Are poor countries more prone to political violence and insecurity? Does democracy, used in this context to mean free and fair elections with a peaceful transfer of political... ...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Obamas Policy in Afghanistan

...administration in Afghanistan include weak government, narcotics affected economy, volatile Pakistan-Afghan border and widespread corruption. But perhaps the most difficult challenge for Obama administration is to capture Osama Bin Laden. It has been found that Hamid Karzai government in Afghanistan is very weak and do not have control over the entire nation. As a result, insecurity and criminality are at their peak in the country. As far as the development is concerned this government is mostly depends on international fund. Main challenge for Obama government is to strengthen Afghanistan’s internal government so that there is rule of law to each and every corner of the country. Afghanistan is a very...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Police corruption

...into their hands or disrespected the law, societies have broken into anarchy. When the rich and the powerful are assured that the defendants of the law are ready to set aside their morals, commitments, responsibilities and oaths, they are likely to use their position and power into destroying the moral fabric of the society (Ivkovic, p. 85). Corruption can cause the police department, public offices and the people millions of dollars depending on the extent of corruption. The taxes are collected from people with the assurance that the same would help in protecting their property and loved ones. When people find themselves unsafe even after paying taxes, they start questioning the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic Defeating corruption to help development for FREE!

Contact Us