Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. If you find papers matching your topic, you may use them only as an example of work. This is 100% legal. You may not submit downloaded papers as your own, that is cheating. Also you should remember, that this work was alredy submitted once by a student who originally wrote it.
The effectiveness of the Australian criminal justice system has been a debatable issue to or not to fulfill the reasonable aspirations of the people from it. It is said against the criminal justice system that public at large is not satisfied how justice is performed by not conducting suitable processing of offenders. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Extract of sample "Strengths and/or weaknesses of the Australian Criminal Justice System"
Download file to see previous pages
It is said against the criminal justice system that public at large is not satisfied how justice is performed by not conducting suitable processing of offenders. There, it is important to find out the inherent weaknesses of the system. The most noticeable has been the rate of reoffending in the community. Criminality is inherent somewhere in human nature just like good virtues reside in some corners of human heart. Criminologists study and analyse criminal behaviour to rein-in such activities. As remarked by Graycar and Grabosky quoting Santayana (1905)) that ‘Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it’ to be answered by saying that those want to avoid future will be in a shocking state, stressing on the need to look both ways – past and future. With the changing of times new criminal opportunities have surfaced from the use of new technologies, new type of organizations and new markets. The Australian criminal justice system has also changed although Australian policing is rooted in the British 19th century model. The Australian criminal justice system is based on two models. The one is ‘Due process model’ based on the philosophy of fairness and justice for all stakeholders and the other is Crime control model for punishing the criminals. The current system takes both models to base on its sense of justice. A welfare model needs to be developed for the benefit of the community and people, offenders or victims. Restorative justice is one such type of movement in the history of Australian criminal justice system. Kathleen Daly and Hennessey Hayes have analyzed the philosophy behind the idea of restorative justice. The restorative movement started in the 1990s and it has taken different forms in State and Territory jurisdictions. Restorative justice conferencing is the other name of victim-offender mediation. Empirical evidence confirms that both the victim and the offender show satisfaction over the results and see the process as fair and show affirmation on its results by showing repentance in the form of heart-felt apology and working for the victim or the community. Although the participants don’t comprehend the idea well that the major aim is the ‘restoration’, which happens in the form of encounters where ‘offenders apologize, their apologies are accepted, victims offer forgiveness, and conferences conclude with a feeling of mutual good will’, as quoted by Hayes (2006). Major Strengths of Criminal Justice System Fulfilling Victims Needs The system fulfils the victim’s needs by developing a response to the crime committed. Traditional way of getting a response from the aggrieved victims was not satisfactory. The role of victims in the uncomfortable environment was lifeless. Victims had no idea of the processes of the cases lodged by them and only contributed in the assessment of the offenders’ role. But in the current context victims want a solid backing in role-play (Strang, 2002)). The purpose of restorative justice is to bring the victim back to the limelight of the criminal justice process. Conferencing offers an opportunity to the victim to tell the offender in a congenial environment how the offence has affected the victim and how the offender can compensate the loss caused (Hayes, 2005 p. 78). Fixing Offenders Responsibility Another significant strength of criminal justice system is to inculcate a sense of responsibility in offenders for the crime committed by them. Offenders are asked to explain their crimes, the reasons for committing the crimes and listen to the victims, how they feel at loss at becoming the target of crime. What generally happens at youth courts is
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was developed in the 1930s by Harvard University psychiatrist Henry A. Murray and university student Christiana Morgan in the pursuit of identifying personality characteristics and unconscious human desires (Bosshardt, 2004). TAT assessments generally consist of 31 different cards in which varying ambiguous illustrations and photos are displayed, asking participants to respond to their interpretations of what is occurring within each visual image. Internal conflicts or motivational desires are generally projected by participants who are exposed to TAT assessments, allowing psychologists to determine the personality constructs of individuals.
Job costing and Process Costing are the two basic methods of costing. Job costing is suitable to industries, which manufacture or execute the work according to the specifications of the customers. Process costing is suitable to industries where production is continuous and the units produced are identical. All other methods are combinations, extensions or improvements of these basic methods.
1. JOB COSTING: It is also called specific order costing. It is adopted by industries where there is no standard product and each job or work order is different from the others. The job is done strictly according to the specifications given by the customers and usually, the job takes only a short time for completion. The purpose of...
An example is that of the Korean War (1950-53) which is said to transform the nature of the Cold War, while its initial impact was to solidify the division of the world into political, military, and economic spheres. Take Germany for instance where imperialism was a victim challenged by the historians for the destruction of the German Government along with its supporters used to conduct (Keylor, 2001, p. 44). That indicates economic expansion and territorial acquisition has always been a problem promoted since the First World War. Even in the 1920s, it was fashionable to declare the German empire on the threshold of the ‘Great War’ (Keylor, 2001, p. 44).
Europe in the global context remained tense and divide...
The project is envisioned to involve changes to existing business processes, changes to existing jobs, and/or the creation of new positions. With the new web-based version, customers and auto brokers will be able to view and pay their bills online, as well as access a billing customer service agent is required. This change will affect the billing, sales, and customer service departments but it is expected to reduce costs, improve customer satisfaction, and reduce the number of days for outstanding accounts receivable. Ownership of the existing system rests with the Billing Department. However, with the benefits projected to be derived from the upgraded system, especially with the implantation of the web-based version, the Cus...
In a computer, a processor commonly involves one or more microprocessors (also acknowledged as chips), which are silvers of silicon or other substance stamped with many little electronic circuits. To perform operations on data, the computer passes electricity all the way through circuits to execute an instruction (Norton 2001.p. 5). The innovation in technology has brought a lot of facilities for us. We have better ways of life and all the facilities regarding better production and domestic tasks. Such as in the industrial production we have automatic robots that are welding, packing, moving and carrying out several other development-related tasks. These robots are pre-programmed and microprocessors based chips are controlling all...
It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.
In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)
As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...
...Independent Research Study An investigation into the Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and its Capa for Addressing the Needs and Expectations of the Hospitality Industry in the Country
Submitted by :
Submitted to :
Date : September 29, 2009
Word Count : 3,069 words
STATEMENT OF AUTHORSHIP
“I confirm that no part of this work, except where clearly quoted and referenced, has been copied from material belonging to any person e.g. from a book, handout, another student. I am aware that it is a breach of GIHE regulations to copy the work of another without clear acknowledgement and that attempting to do so render me liable to disciplinary procedures.”
Table of Contents
I. Consultant’s Brief 4...
This is also the position Stone (2007) takes in the quote under discussion. Furthermore, Stone goes on to declare that Australia has been very slow to implement this practice as compared with other countries and government agencies. One of the primary reasons is that the public policy system in Australia is quite complex and the decision-makers have not come into agreement on where to place it in the policy matrix. This leaves Interprofessional Practice and Education in the dark (or the cold) as far as strategic planning for implementation as well as placing itself within the funding cycles of the government disbursements. (Stone, 2007) Policies are created in order to put in place how politicians and government official...
They are on trial and will be dealt with fairly. These laws ensure that no one, even if he or she has committed a crime is abused or punished cruelly. Following the history of civilization like in china, we see the traces of systems for Criminal justice in order to provide safety for the citizens. Evolving through the years laws have been modified and changed to form the system that we know today. From its start, the “U.S. criminal justice system” has advocated the idea of “checks and balances”. To avoid dictatorial rule, the people who founded this system in such a way that one person was not given control or authority completely to punish the criminals. The idea of assigning a ‘jury...
In order to compare the welfare system of the three proposed countries, it is important to first develop a comparative method that would guide in comparing the three states. For the purpose of this paper, a binary comparison would be conducted. The implicit comparison would deal with Britain while the explicit comparison would explore the USA and Canada. Thereby a small N’ study would be used, that is, of three countries. The three countries selected to share a similarity in the form that these countries are a welfare state. This is when welfare is mainly funded by the state. While the USA and Canada focus on the liberal welfare state, the welfare state of the UK is not quite defined. The comparison of the welfare...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Strengths and/or weaknesses of the Australian Criminal Justice System"
with a personal 20% discount.