Nobody downloaded yet

Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
From the study it becomes clear that there is not truly freedom of association in Hong Kong. A number of elements in the ordinance stand out. The Societies Officer appears to have a great degree of power in deciding who gets registered as a society and who does not. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92% of users find it useful
Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States"

Download file to see previous pages The paper tells that in Hong Kong, the principle piece of legislation which details the country's position on Freedom of Association is the Societies Ordinance. This ordinance is concerned with the registration of societies, and the rights of societies, so it implicates Hong Kong's Freedom of Association. In order to fully understand the impact of this piece of legislation, it has to be broken down in pieces and analyzed in this manner. First of all, Section 5 of this law states that societies within Hong Kong must register with the Societies Officer within 1 month of the formation of that particular society. The application form for registering must include the name of the society, along with the society's purpose. That said, societies may be exempt from the registration requirement if they are to be established for the benefit of a religion, a charity, or social and recreational purpose. The Societies Officer may refuse to register a society if the Office believes that refusing to register the society is in the interest of the people or the government, in that the society somehow implicates national security, public safety, public order, or the rights and freedoms of others. Furthermore, the Societies Officer may refuse to register a society which has connections with the government of Taiwan, or has a connection with a political organization in Taiwan. The Societies Officer may also cancel the registration of a society, or the exemption from registration for a society, for the same reasons why The Societies Officer may deny an initial application. ...
l its case to the Chief Executive in Council.8 If the society appeals, then the society may function during the period of time that the Chief Executive in Council is considering the appeal.9 If the Societies Officer cancels a registration, the society has a right to appeal this as well.10 What the effect is of not being able to register with the Societies Officer, or having a registration cancelled, is draconian – that society would have to cease operations, and if they do not, the officers of the society are subject to fine or imprisonment.11 Moreover, “triad,” or criminal, societies are automatically deemed to be unlawful.12 Discussion Hong Kong In looking at this portion of the Societies Ordinance, it becomes clear that there is not truly freedom of association in Hong Kong. A number of elements in the ordinance stand out. First, the Societies Officer appears to have a great degree of power in deciding who gets registered as a society and who does not. The Societies Officer must only decide that national security, public safety, public order, or the rights and freedoms of others is implicated by the formation of a particular society, and this is deemed as a reason to deny that society the benefits of registration.13 These exceptions are vague and overly broad, and seems like a great number of legitimate societies could somehow fit into one of the categories above. For instance, if a society is deemed to infringe on the rights and freedoms of others, what does that mean? What rights? What freedoms? Also, how does the Societies Officer determine if public order or public safety are implicated? National security may seem obvious, in that if a society is formed which is in opposition to national security goals, then this society may not be registered, but even ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United Essay)
“Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
donnellythalia added comment 10 months ago
Student rated this paper as
I never thought 3750 words essay could be written in such a free manner. I loved the content of this essay. Will definitely use it for my own work!

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States

Freedom of Assembly in Hong Kong

...of freedoms including freedom of assembly.5 With the handover of Hong Kong in 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China.6 The SAR government amended and repealed parts of the Hong Kong Bill of Rights Ordinance (BORO) 1997, the Public Order Ordinance and the Societies Ordinance, laws that were previously introduced by the British government prior to the handover to China, in 1992 and 1995. The amended law provides that demonstrations comprised of at least 30 persons must first obtain police approval. Secondly the Public Order Ordinance and the Societies Ordinance stipulate that...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Malaysia and Hong kong

...of the economy. This in turn shall facilitate its objective of gaining the advantages of a knowledge-based society. It is worth mentioning that Mr. Tung’s initiation to develop the economy into an innovative and knowledge-based society made it a prior concern for the governmental bodies until 2003. Stating precisely, as suggested by Mr. Tung, the objective could be attained effectively providing extra strength to the four chiefly categorized economic pillars, i.e. logistics, finance, producer services and tourism sector. Furthermore, to ensure these strategies the governmental framework initiated to push value added industries. Hence, the governmental supervision played a crucial role in enhancing Hong...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Hong Kong Courts Sentences

... be attested by the cases below and how they were handled. To a great extent the sentences are too lenient and they tend to overlook and cover a lot of issues which aught to have been addressed. We will consider various cases and pin point how they have been addressed and the possible leniencies that are associated with them. Hong Kong law courts have been criticized by the way they handle trials and the process of criminal litigation in general. The process clearly shows leniency which makes the whole process unsuccessful contrary to what is expected. This has lead to covering of criminal practices which undermine the integrity of Hong Kong’s society; as a result, this society may seem to be having valuable morals and practices... an...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

History of Hong Kong

...from that of the mainland China has remained intact, as Gordon Mathews affirms who is a professor and an anthropologist at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. 94% of Hong Kong people are ethnic Chinese, but the unique aspect about Hong Kong people is that they do not feel a love for mainland China. 20 – 25% of Hong Kong people do, but the majority of them do not. They might utter “I love China, but it is the people I love and not the country”. Political organization Hong Kong is among the 2 specific administrative expanses of the Republic of China, the Macau being the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Disneyland Hong Kong culture with American culture. After successfully establishing Disney theme parks in Hong Kong, Japan and France, Disney should look ahead to the possibility of starting a park in India with positivity. References Aaker, D. A. and Mcloughlin, D., 2010. Strategic market management. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons. Browne, R. B. and Browne, P., 2001. The guide to United States popular culture. London: Popular Press. Burkardt, N., 2007. Critical Assessment of the Theory and Practice of Strategic Planning for Tourism and Leisure - Analysed on the Basis of Disneyland Paris. Munich: GRIN Verlag. Clave?, S.A., 2007. The Global Theme Park Industry. Cambridge: CABI....
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Hong Kong film standardize the conditions of screening. HK theatre. According to the latest research Hong Kong filmmaker makes viewers recognizable with names like Wong Kar-Wai, Stanley Kwan, Ann Hui and Fruit Chan. At the similar time Hong Kong itself is undergoing an unparalleled process of decolonization and forming a perhaps further united national individuality. Thus Hong Kong cinema becomes an motivating way to inspect the disjunctures that Hong Kong represents ethnically and politically, particularly in light of the end of British regal rule. Film in universal is a vital industry for...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Hong Kong Hotel Industry

...if such industries would embrace the practice. Medical journals, business journals and the likes would be a big help in achieving the goal of this paper. These references will also determine the potential of Hong Kong through comparison with other places. Interview method and survey s will also be conducted in Hong Kong if the owners themselves of different Hotel industries in Hong Kong practices or at least know schemes on how their establishments can use environment friendly practices as a competitive advantage. Having been stated in the early part of this paper, Hong Kong is an...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

United States History - Great Depression

...of and securely retain an appreciation of the realities of black existence. Radicalism served to disengage white people from black people with unprecedented totality, practically to finish, in fact, a move toward unreality in race relations that had begun in the last generation of slavery and was signalized by the creation of the Sambo stereotype. It is ironic that, after such a great display of strength, by 1915 Radicalism had lost its hold on race relations and had died as a system of thinking about black-white relations. With that death went the death of the image of the Negro as beast. Of course, various ideas and attitudes of Radicalism persisted and evolved (such as an association of black people...
27 Pages(6750 words)Essay

Trade Relationship between Hong Kong and United States

... in exports and increased competition from the domestic producers of the United States. The trade relationship between Hong Kong and United States has been quite strong as the US has strong economic ties with this country. It has a number of bilateral trade agreements and the US exports to Hong Kong totaled 20. 7 billion while it is also one of the largest investors. Therefore, any recessionary activity would have a great impact on the Hong Kong trade activity and its exports particularly. b) The Hong Kong currency has been pegged to the United States dollar in the year 1939 and since then the currency has been pegged in this manner. It was done so in order to maintain a policy-defined relationship between the domestic currency... and...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Great Britain

...problems that the political system in Britain faces is the fact that the United Kingdom throughout political history has been divided into three parts. According to Hesperides, the three parts of United Kingdom, namely Scotland, Wales and the Northern Ireland have special statuses and have separate local administrations with a huge number of responsibilities.2 It is, however, ironic because England, the part of Great Britain that has the highest (or more precisely 84%) population, does not have a strong sense of regionalism. As a result, the United Kingdom is not very similar to the American system of government that rules over a total...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States for FREE!

Contact Us