Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
From the study it becomes clear that there is not truly freedom of association in Hong Kong. A number of elements in the ordinance stand out. The Societies Officer appears to have a great degree of power in deciding who gets registered as a society and who does not. …
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.5% of users find it useful
Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States"

Download file to see previous pages The paper tells that in Hong Kong, the principle piece of legislation which details the country's position on Freedom of Association is the Societies Ordinance. This ordinance is concerned with the registration of societies, and the rights of societies, so it implicates Hong Kong's Freedom of Association. In order to fully understand the impact of this piece of legislation, it has to be broken down in pieces and analyzed in this manner. First of all, Section 5 of this law states that societies within Hong Kong must register with the Societies Officer within 1 month of the formation of that particular society. The application form for registering must include the name of the society, along with the society's purpose. That said, societies may be exempt from the registration requirement if they are to be established for the benefit of a religion, a charity, or social and recreational purpose. The Societies Officer may refuse to register a society if the Office believes that refusing to register the society is in the interest of the people or the government, in that the society somehow implicates national security, public safety, public order, or the rights and freedoms of others. Furthermore, the Societies Officer may refuse to register a society which has connections with the government of Taiwan, or has a connection with a political organization in Taiwan. The Societies Officer may also cancel the registration of a society, or the exemption from registration for a society, for the same reasons why The Societies Officer may deny an initial application. ...
l its case to the Chief Executive in Council.8 If the society appeals, then the society may function during the period of time that the Chief Executive in Council is considering the appeal.9 If the Societies Officer cancels a registration, the society has a right to appeal this as well.10 What the effect is of not being able to register with the Societies Officer, or having a registration cancelled, is draconian – that society would have to cease operations, and if they do not, the officers of the society are subject to fine or imprisonment.11 Moreover, “triad,” or criminal, societies are automatically deemed to be unlawful.12 Discussion Hong Kong In looking at this portion of the Societies Ordinance, it becomes clear that there is not truly freedom of association in Hong Kong. A number of elements in the ordinance stand out. First, the Societies Officer appears to have a great degree of power in deciding who gets registered as a society and who does not. The Societies Officer must only decide that national security, public safety, public order, or the rights and freedoms of others is implicated by the formation of a particular society, and this is deemed as a reason to deny that society the benefits of registration.13 These exceptions are vague and overly broad, and seems like a great number of legitimate societies could somehow fit into one of the categories above. For instance, if a society is deemed to infringe on the rights and freedoms of others, what does that mean? What rights? What freedoms? Also, how does the Societies Officer determine if public order or public safety are implicated? National security may seem obvious, in that if a society is formed which is in opposition to national security goals, then this society may not be registered, but even ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United Essay)
“Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States

Has Government by States Given Way to Inter and Non-State Governance

The application of theories related to the state and its governance can be proved very helpful towards the creation of an effective and well-structured state. However, the phenomenon of a ‘subjective’ interpretation of the above theories is common especially when there are specific targets that need to be achieved by the interested parties (usual participants in a state’s political or social life). For this reason, it is necessary that specific rules and guidelines are followed when studying and interpreting the views of theorists regarding the position, the role and the power of the state.

Within the state, there are many ‘political’ and ‘social’ forces that try to impose their...
10 Pages (2500 words) Report

Freedom Summer of 1964 and Its Relationship with the Civil Rights Movement

The other organizations which participated in this Registration campaign were the Council of Federated Organization (COFO) in league with the National Association for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the Southern Christian Leadership Confederation (SCLC) and the Students Non-Violent Coordination Committee (SNCC). During this campaign, large groups of African American people, supported by around 1000 white volunteers, braved the rains in order to enter the Forrest Country Courthouse to register their Voting Rights. Around 30 Summer schools were also established during this Freedom Summer Campaign in various parts of Mississippi town in order to educate the black minorities, since, due t...
11 Pages (2750 words) Case Study

The Constitutions of the United States of America and the United Kingdom

The principal characteristic of a functioning democracy is the separation of powers. The concept of separation of powers is complex, although it may seem to be simple. This is because it consists of expressive and rigid components. The US Constitution represents the operational capability of the notion of separation of powers. It operates on three functions of the government. First, the executive implements legislation and supervises the administration over the state. Secondly, the legislature enacts the legislation and monitors the work of the executive and lastly, the judiciary interprets the legislations to apply land laws3.

The British Constitution is an unwritten constitution. Therefore, the limitations of the orga...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay

Marx' Understanding of Freedom

Marx’s conception is that if society transitioned from capitalist to socialist thought, this would result in a higher form of civilization. The citizenry should be able to control their own destiny and the morality of others should not be legislated or otherwise controlled by an entity other than the citizenry themselves. Regulations, the lack of personal freedoms, in the name of morality restrict individual and societal sovereignty.

Marx was born a German Jew but lived most of his life in England and France. In these countries, the prevailing liberal political philosophy viewed the concept of freedom as the right for people to make their own choices regarding their lives and property. In today’s terms, this...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

United States Foreign Policy from 1945-1991

American Presidents presiding over some key events in history, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, The Cold War, The Vietnam War, etc., were hindered from acting as public representatives due to pressure from the military-industrial complex. John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan, George Herbert Walker Bush, and George W. Bush – all of them were subject to these opposing interests. But eventually, the corporate-government nexus proved too powerful; and in this sense, American Presidents after the Second World War were largely restricted and powerless to uphold their higher personal values. Most of the strategic moves on part of the United States after the end of the Great War were directly in response to an anticipated th...
11 Pages (2750 words) Essay

The United Kingdom and World War I

It had shown its ability to survive a war and remained a powerful nation of the world (Hardie, Graham, and Kofman).
Almost all the nations in Europe had suffered economically due to the First World War. Most of the European nations were subjected to economic burdens imposed by the war. After the end of the war, the European governments had to make rehabilitation efforts, in respect of the cities destroyed in the war. In addition, they had to provide medical facilities to the soldiers who had been wounded in the war. These governments had to pay pensions to the soldiers, widows, and relatives of the dead soldiers. Moreover, they had to repay the public and foreign debts, and the interest on such debts. These constituted the ad...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

The Shining as the Great Adaptation

Kubrick was considered as being a master of the tracking shot, the reverse zoom and the painting technique for the film. His adaptation of Stephan King’s horror novel ‘The Shining’ was a great box office success and this means that the film was popular with the audience. Thus, it is very likely that something can be learned from a discussion about the adaptation of Stephan King’s novel for the film by Stanley Kubrick. This essay presents a discussion about the adaptation and the transformation of Stephan King’s novel ‘The Shining’ into the movie by Stanley Kubrick with the same name.
I hereby certify that, except where cited in the text, this work is the result of the research carried...
17 Pages (4250 words) Movie Review

The United States Supreme Court

The Court, consisting of nine lifelong justices, bears complete authority over the Federal courts but has lesser power over those of the states. It has the power of “last word” on decisions made by these Federal courts and makes the rules that these courts have to follow in their procedures (Wagman, 1993). In addition, all Federal courts must abide by the decisions laid down by the Supreme Court, as well as the United States Constitution. With respect to state courts, the interpretations and decisions that the Supreme Court makes apply, but the Court is limited to interpreting and changing Federal laws, not state laws. Thus, the Supreme Court cannot change conditions of state constitutions or interpret laws made by ind...
10 Pages (2500 words) Coursework

The Great Recession and France

Some countries have pushed for an international consensus on issues of concern to all. France, which has suffered severely from the crisis, with an economic contraction and rising unemployment, has tried stand in opposition to the UK and the United States both of which believe minor financial regulations can alter and improve the situation—France would like to see more wide-ranging reforms accomplished through the increased unification of Europe. Efforts to deal with the crisis have led the French government to seek out more partners in Europe and try to push Europe wide reforms and a sort of European (as opposed to American) new capitalism. The government of Sarkozy has criticized British tax cuts and suggested the key to g...
8 Pages (2000 words) Coursework

Effects of the United States of America Troops in South Korea

Despite the few negative incidences of crime committed by the United States of America’s security troops that were deployed in the country on a peacekeeping mission.
Since the war in Korea began in the early nineteen fifties, the United States has stationed tens of thousands of soldiers, mostly the United States’ army personnel, in South Korea. Through the assistance of the South Korean troops and other neighboring governments, the American troops have been able to guard and offer maximum security to South Korean people. In line with the argument of James (2003), ‘most of the military bases in South Korea are relatively isolated’ thus the need for much attention from the troops so as to ensure maximum...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Freedom of Association in Hong Kong, Great Britain and The United States for FREE!

Contact Us