We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Human Rights: Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Essay Example

Comments (0)
he horrors of the two succeeding world wars (I and II) within the span of 30 years only that had dehumanized human civilizations, had shown how dreadful humans can be. Committed never to let such inhumanity happen again, world leaders of the United Nations (UN) had agreed to uphold human rights…
Download full paper

Extract of sample
Human Rights: Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Download file to see previous pages... Cognizant of the vital role education plays in uplifting human rights and freedom and in developing human resources, Article 26 of the UDHR guarantees the inherent right to education of every person, regardless of sex, race, creed, and wealth, anywhere at all times. I. UDHR Article 26: The Right to Education A. Historical Context The UDHR, in which the right to education had been formally recognized, is an historic document, manifesting the UN’s consensual understanding of human dignity and value (Gleeson, par. 8). It had been an offshoot of the world leaders’ realization for the need to guarantee human rights anywhere at all times in order to prevent the recurrence of the abhorrent atrocities the two succeeding World Wars had inflicted against humanity (Bailey, par. 2-4). In fact, the formulation of Article 26 had gone through lengthy debates because the CHR was concerned how the educational system was used during WWII for Nazi indoctrination (Arajarvi 553). The UDHR was then meant specifically to define the human rights and fundamental freedoms referred to in the UN Charter (Oswald, Durham & Bates 72). CHR’s first draft of the UDHR, later known as the Geneva draft, was completed for less than two years of composing its entire text. This was then presented to the UN in September 1948 for final drafting, participated in by 50 member-states. Finally, on the evening of December 10, 19481 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris, the UN’s General Assembly (GA) in its resolution 217 A (III) approved the UDHR, as it is, without opposition, but with eight abstentions (six communist states, Saudi Arabia and South Africa) (Bailey, par. 23; UN, par. 6). In 1950, to propagate the declaration worldwide, the UN GA (UN, par. 1) – based on its Resolution 217 D– had called on all member-states including the UN Secretary General, the UN Specialized Agencies and international NGOs to make the widest possible publicity with clear explanation of the UDHR, which made the UDHR available in 300 languages (Claude 214). Today, the UDHR has become the cornerstone of international and domestic human rights laws (Gleeson, par. 1), but finalizing it into its current form had not gone without much debate and numerous revisions, as what had happened to Article 26. B. Structures, Processes, and Legislations From the UNESCO’s account, the writing and approval of Article 26 had gone through a series of amendments and revisions before it had been approved in its final form. Drafting of the UDHR was tasked by the UN’s General Assembly (GA) on the UN’s Commission on Human Rights (CHR),2 which to the approval of ECOSOC in March 1947, set-up its nine-member drafting committee (DC) composed of William Hodgson of Australia; John Humphrey of Canada – the UN Human Rights Division Director, who prepared the UDHR blueprint; Hernan Santa Cruz of Chile; Peng Chung Chang of China – the elected Vice-Chairman of the committee; Rene Cassin of France – the composer of the first draft; Charles Malik of Lebanon – the elected Committee Rapporteur; Charles Dukes of the United Kingdom, Alexandre Bogomolov of the USSR, and Eleanor Roosevelt, widow of the US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who on April 1946 was elected the committee chair. (93-94) Writing of the UDHR was based on three basic documents– the Secretariat’s draft outline of an International Bill of Human Rights (IBHR), the UK’s prepared IBHR draft plus a draft Resolution, and the US’s set of proposals for the rewording the Secretariat’s draft outline. Confronted with the formidable task of uniting these three ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Human Rights Act 1998
Thereafter, it is up to Parliament to take suitable action, if deemed necessary.1 In its White Paper, the UK Government clarified that the Human Rights Act 1998 was aimed at providing a novel basis for the interpretation of every piece of legislation by the judiciary.
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Human Rights
The right to freedom of assembly is perceived as one of the cornerstones of democratic society, as it directly affects other human rights such as the right to liberty and to freedom of expression, and the prohibition of discrimination. Meaning, an infringement of the right to freedom of assembly may as a consequence curtail other qualified rights.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Human Rights Law
Human rights tend to be universal in their scope and ramifications.1 Human rights also stand to be egalitarian in the sense that they are accessible to everyone irrespective of one’s nationality, socio-economic status, race, colour, gender, etc.2 However, after every thing is said and done, there is no denying the fact that in a practical context, the enforcement and protection of human rights tends to be a really controversial topic, subject to ample legal complications and diverse interpretations.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Human Rights Declaration
This is one of the purposes of laws and regulations—to humanize and dignify persons. This paper will discuss the Universal Declaration of Human Rights1 and its implications to human rights violation around the world but citing one specific case as example.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Critically evaluate the importance of the universal declaration of human rights in protecting human rights
Even though there were some rights of humans that were individually identified by most members of the League of Nations, these were highly isolated and differed one from the other. With the magnitude of human rights abuses that the two World Wars came about with, it became immediately necessary that there become an evenly distributed code that guided the protection of the fundamental human rights of people.2 Acting as the single global unifier of nations, the United Nations under the auspices and guidance of the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on 10 December 1948 in the French capital of Paris at Palais de Chaillot.3 Since the adoption
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Protection of Human Rights
In the case of Britain, the main legal text for the protection of human rights is the Human Rights Act 1998 as it has been amended through a series of legal provisions published until today. Despite the fact that in UK many efforts have been made in order to improve the conditions related with the protection of human rights, in practice a series of failures have been identified in the application of the Human Rights Act 1998 and the other legal texts referring to the protection of human rights.
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
The universal Declaration of Human Rights and Teaching
This was seen to have its drawbacks as the disparities in the treatment of human beings from state to state was obvious despite having being created equally. A radical departure from what was deemed right human treatments was witnessed during the Second World War between 1939 and 1945.With a Nazi government in power in Germany racial and religious discriminations were treated as official government policies.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
The UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights
In this context, according to R.K.M. Smith (2005, p.240), ‘the deprivation of a person’s liberty can only be acceptable when there are serious reasons that impose the detention as the only suitable measure’. However, it seems that
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
Human Rights
Human rights has become an important standard in British politics. The modern concept of human rights in the UK came about at the end of World War II, when
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
Universal Human Rights
This is to be achieved by the universal recognition and respect for human rights. Some of these are the civil, cultural, economic and political rights. For the first time, the UDHR recognized the
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Human Rights: Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us