Introduction to Media Studies - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Jurgen Habermas in his famous work “The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere” created the basis for understanding of the public sphere in modern society. The author traced the evolution of this concept within historical development of the society and explained it…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.6% of users find it useful
Introduction to Media Studies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Introduction to Media Studies"

Habermas Thesis on the Public Sphere by Jurgen Habermas in his famous work “The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere” created the basis for understanding of the public sphere in modern society. The author traced the evolution of this concept within historical development of the society and explained it by political evolution of the power. According to Habermas, the bourgeois public sphere was eventually formed in the nineteenth century in European countries and in the United States. It appeared as a means of opposition to authoritarian power, monarchical or feudal, which did not differentiate between public and private matters. Under the influence of a number of political, cultural, philosophical, and social factors a new bourgeois order emerged. With appearance of this order the relationships between public and private also transformed and the possibility of public discussions of existing situation became possible. Society understood the necessity of polemizing over crucial issues important for its development. That was the period when society learned to express its opinion.
According to Habermas, public sphere was and must be characterized by the possibility of people to express that opinion, by common access to it, lack of any political or financial control, and the possibility to debate over general rules (1991; 435). Further capitalism influenced transformation of bourgeois public sphere as it determined an appearance of free competitive market. As a result new institutions specializing on active discussions, such as newspapers, magazine, salons where people got a chance to express this opinion have spread.
However, Habermas points to the fact that public sphere underwent more profound transformation with evolution of capitalism. Fast social changes, industrialization of the cities, urbanization, and growth of educational level of society put public sphere into a new reality. Further the boundaries between public and private matters started blurring again and the prevalence of rational– critical debate that was an attribute of bourgeois society was substituted by consumerism. The status of a person was no longer determined by the ability to express valuable opinion regarding political questions and was substituted by the ability to buy and use things. So eventually public sphere has become a sphere of dominance of media and public opinion became dependent on media manipulation. What is more important that introduction of advertising made press, Television, and the Internet a means of trade, thus the initial function of public debate has disappeared almost completely.
There is a possibility to return the primary function of media according to Habermas. It is necessary to implement a discourse-centred theory of democracy when basic public problems solutions will be “rationally motivated but fallible result of a discussion concerning the judicious resolution of a problem, a discussion that has come temporarily to a close because coming to a decision could no longer be postponed” (1991: 450). Therefore the access to public sphere and the possibility of free expression disappeared and became a tool of media. That is why it is important to recognize the role of media for society evolution and utilize it according to its primary function. Media must be free from economic and political influence in order to stimulate the progress of democracy worldwide
Habermas, J. (1962) English Translation 1991). The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, Cambridge Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Introduction to Media Studies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Introduction to Media Studies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Introduction to Media Studies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Introduction to Media Studies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Introduction to Media Studies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Introduction to Media Studies

Media studies

...? Nature of the Working Culture Today College Introduction It is possible to relate culture and taste to social For example, unlike people from the lower socio-economic groups, most people from the upper socio-economic class are fond of classical music. However, there are exceptions; drawing the same kind of distinction between the cultures of social classes today is much more problematic. This is because the mass media have apparently created a superior culture of the highest in the society that is easily reachable to a wider audience; opera is no longer enjoyed by a few minority regarded as intellectuals. For instance, in Brazil, Samba is seen as music of the young working class, but in Europe and North...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Media studies

...knowledge of the news papers. The review is aimed at establishing the exploration degree in the field of research. It is now vivid that after the analysis of the other newspapers, I realized that this field has been explored thoroughly but I will conduct a research or the other reasons that I will mention later. After conducting the prior review, I realized that the main problems likely to occur during the actual study. The problems that occurred There were power shortcuts There were no cooperative respondents. There was a lot of the work There were several researchers in the site. Schedule 7.00-7.30: The troop left to the media house. 8.00-8.30: The troop arrived in the news room and introduced to the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Media Studies

...The Impact of the Media Industry on Culture with Special Reference to British Newspapers Introduction The modern mass media has grown into a colossal global enterprise. There is an increasing tendency for the media today to develop a unipolar attitude because of the drift towards the formation of monopolies. This question has engaged the attention of many writers across the globe. Does the concentration of ownership and control in the media foreshadow a new Orwellian manipulation of mass consciousness? (Deeks John, 213) Media today has become the handmaiden of gigantic conglomerates with the sole intention of churning out profits from a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Media Studies

..., 1). These corporations are among those included as the largest non-financial firms in the world and own major film studios in the United States (McChesney, 1). These companies also control a high percentage of “global music market”, hold mostly the satellite broadcasting in the world, controls book and commercial magazine publishing, controls most of the channels on “commercial cable television” whether in US or around the world and others (McChesney, 1). Hence, these companies not only control public viewing, but has even influenced on how the public think. Media Theory The study of media theory which involves the analysis of the content, the study of its...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Introduction to international studies

... and quantity of production. The article fails to recognize that the rapidly ageing population thus a decrease in the active labor force can be offset by the introduction of robotics technology into production (Haegele, et al. 2005). Reference 1. Goldstone, Jack. "The New Population Bomb." Foreign Affairs Vol. 89 Issue 1, 2010: 31-43. 2. Haegele, Martin, Thomas Skordas, Stephan Sagert, Rainer Bischoff, Torgny Brogardh, and Manfred Dresselhaus. Industrial Robot Automation. EURON, 2005.... Relations - The New Population Bomb International Relations - The New Population Bomb Synopsis: There is a foreseeable shift amongst the superpowers of the present world within the next half a century or so. The driving force behind the paradigm shift in inter...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

:Introduction to Indigenous Studies

...Introduction to Indigenous Studies Indigenous people in various parts of the world have various aspects of their cultures that make it appealing to discuss. Most of these people have defined language that makes it possible to communicate amongst them. On the other hand, they have shared values and traditions. At the same time, most of these societies appear to have gone through a challenge that affects the society. A reflection on two articles helps in understanding native people. A reflection on the two articles has helped me gain insight on indigenous people and their culture. First, I believe that the threat of aboriginal language has not been due to the declining number of natives. The most...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Media studies

...Media Studies Media Studies Based on the readings, a culture of search implies the behavior of individuals to keep on using Google as the search engine for information and data. Google represents the most powerful driver and innovator in the field of search engines. As such, technological advancements and engineering concepts have focused on making Google the main form of interaction between societies. Such includes digging for past information or current information. Further, scholars have realized that Google has the potential of ensuring that individuals can learn from the online platform. Thus, scholars place information online where people can search and find such...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Media studies

...Commercialization in the Media Owing to globalization, and constant innovations in the world of information technology, almost every aspect of human society has become commercialized. Commercialization is the act of turning events, goods, or entities into profit making ventures. For example, hospitals have become commercialized such that they focus more on money making rather than helping people who need medical. Another industry that has become commercialized in the modern society is the media (Adaba 112). Initially, the media was an entity responsible for modeling the society by informing and educating the public, as well as setting standards of conduct. However, with the current wave...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Introduction to Rhetorical Studies

... Instruction: Task: Symbolic action Symbolism means all systems of communication that rely on symbols; it also means using an action in representation or suggestion of something else. Symbols can be used for practical purposes or for absolute joy. A person can use symbols to earn a living or because he wants to exercise his ability to use them. Symbolism is inbuilt in the very texture of human life. Language itself is an example of a symbol that is used in our daily lives. For example, a rose may be used to symbolize the Virgin Mary. Flowers are delicate and short-lived, but they are used as a symbol of many things, a whole bouquet can symbolize affection, virtue, religious steadfastness and transience. This essay will examine... Instruction: ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Major in Communication Studies

...and the content it offers. Students should have expertise and knowledge about the popular media such as radio, television, film, music, as well as performance (Koivisto et al, 2010). Thus, it is necessary for journalism students to be proficient in this areas as this is a prerequisite to becoming successful journalists. References Top of Form Chandler, D., & Munday, R. (2011). A dictionary of media and communication. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Fiske, J. (2010). Introduction to Communication Studies. London: Routledge. Koivisto, J., Thomas, P. D., & Aslama, M. (2010). Mapping communication and media research: Conjunctures,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Admission/Application Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Introduction to Media Studies for FREE!

Contact Us