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Effects of News Media - Essay Example

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However, there are many challenges that the employees face in the profession, and most of them have to withstand pressures both internal and external…
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Effects of News Media Question Journalism like any other career follows s of ethics and profession that are vital and provide guidelines in the work. However, there are many challenges that the employees face in the profession, and most of them have to withstand pressures both internal and external. Firstly, a journalist will experience pressures from the authority including the government, the police and customs. This is in the case of policies and laws to license all media forms or legislation that threaten the journalists and makes them afraid of criticizing the government (Campbell, Martin & Fabos 324). Secondly, the journalists have often received threats of violence and legal action from people avoiding unfavorable publicity. This is a significant challenge especially if the coverage is on drugs or political agendas that are opposed to the government.
The career is also risky based on the bribes that are presented to the media to avoid publication of an unfavorable story. Some journalists may be vulnerable to bribes which results to dishonest at work and an eventual dismissal. Other key challenges relate to gifts that are used by leading companies to buy friendship with the media so as to avoid bad publicity, family where a journalist may fear to offend the clan, organization or friends by producing an article on them and tradition in which case the writer may be pressured into a certain patterns of behavior (Campbell, Martin & Fabos 387).
As a journalist, one has to be careful on what sites in the web the right information can be obtained. The credibility of information especially with regard to political issues in the websites is questionable since most of the people will post issues that favor and are of interest to them. Some may not even weigh the repercussion of the information they post in these sites. A journalist thus has a challenge to look at the formation provided and obtain data that is relevant, accurate, fair, unbiased and concentrate more on the content information and source. In this case, the journalist has to understand that the news publicized influence the level of thinking of the readers of such content. Therefore, media production is not just about writing articles, but more about filtering all content to ensure that the information provided is proper.
Question 2
The information and news media have influenced the American culture through many ways. Not only do they produce proper and relevant information, but also destructive sites especially with regard to pornographic material. The media thus has a social responsibility to promote moral growth and not decay in the concept of proper behavior and also to provide news that does not contradict with societal conduct codes. Coverage on vital events in the society should seek to motivate the public to produce opinions and not to cause subdivision across regions (Campbell, Martin & Fabos 423). They also influence political opinion in the public through coverage. Political news reporting influences the public opinion and may lead to fights amongst certain classes of people or even peace; in which case, the journalist should be equally aware. In this case, journalists should balance and provide unbiased information regarding political parties without opposing or giving information that seeks to cause opposition or that favor one party, as opposed to the rest of the candidates.
The use of electronic material has shaped news consumption by ensuring fast, efficient and massive reception of news. Coverage and publicity has been enhanced by satellites and reception influenced by the internet (Campbell, Martin & Fabos 461). In this case, events and happenings on a global arena can be obtained everywhere. Besides this, people are able to contribute to the news media about the critical aspects and happenings in other parts of the world through the internet. Electronic media have enhanced efficiency in the presentation of news and speed of collection of data.
Works Cited
Campbell, Richard., Martin, Christopher & Fabos, Bettina. Media & culture: An introduction to
mass communication (8th Ed.) New York, NY: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2012. Read More
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