Nobody downloaded yet

One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Impact of one child policy Name Lecturer Date Impact of one child policy One child policy, also referred to as family planning policy, is a policy of population control in the Republic of China, which restricts couples to one child in urban areas and allowing, in cases of ethnic minorities, twins, rural couples, additional children (Shen & Huang, 2005)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance"

Download file to see previous pages Majority of couples prefer male children for reasons of family property inheritance. This has seen the rise of premature abortions for female fetus. Families prefer male children and therefore have seen a decline on female children as every family want to have a male child (Greenhalgh, 2008). The one child policy has since received criticisms from various scholars and humanitarians. Some of the critics are discussed in this paper. Family is the most complex and important institution in the society. It plays an important role to socialization in children; it helps develop the child’s intellect and personality. The People’s Republic of China found it necessary to maintain the country’s population as it is rapidly increasing, so it implemented the one child policy (OCP). Since the OCP was enforced over two decades ago, over 400 million births have been supposedly stopped and recent statistics state that over 90 percent of all urban children and over 60 percent of rural children have no siblings. Although the OCP has been reviewed in the past and showed success rates, its future implications are threatening to the social aspect of the country. Such implications create a huge gender imbalance in the country, which eventually leads to threatening social issues such as prostitution. Throughout the years, the drawbacks of the OCP have become more apparent. Even though the one child policy is seen as beneficial globally, it causes social impacts such as gender imbalance, which often leads to threatening social issues (Morelle, 2013). One and only child in a family result into lack of social skills among young adults in China. People born after 1980 have tended to experience short marriages with poor ability to work in teams. Social pressure amounts on single children due to the tendency to pamper them and not expose them to real work. This has led to social problems since the child is “spoilt” by the parents, and may have very high expectations from their child to excel since it is the only one. This may result into little emperor/Buddha syndrome. The social pressure from one child policy has impacted the rate at which children are abandoned by parents, and the number of children living in orphanages sponsored by the state. In late 1980s and very early 1990s, high rates of mortality and poor care in some of the institutions of the state generated an intense pressure internationally for reform (Richard, 2012). China’s population is currently over 1.3 billion and has been rapidly increasing (CIA). The one child policy is a law that has been initiated in order to help curb the population growth rate. Since the 1950s, China has been promoting the use of birth control and family planning. The OCP was implemented mostly in urban areas with the exception of ethnic groups in rural areas. Methods were enforced such as making contraceptive methods available as well as forced abortions and sterilizations. This resulted into a decline in China’s fertility rate and birth rate since the 1990s, limiting the families with one or two children. Parents also over indulge in the child resulting into high tendency towards cooperation and communication skills among the children due to lack of siblings. Children are also over indulged, have no adaptive capabilities, and lack self and social discipline. Other negative effects include: gender imbalance, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance Research Paper”, n.d.)
One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance Research Paper. Retrieved from
(One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance Research Paper)
One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance Research Paper.
“One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance

Chinese Gender Imbalance

...One Child Policy and Gender Imbalance Gordon et al. (2008) stressed that one-Child Policy contributed to a demographic dilemma which may lead to social unrest in China in the succeeding years. China is currently confronted with gender imbalance, which is unprecedented among countries which did not fight a war. The global average of the male-to-female ratio is 105:100 (p. 64). The national census in China during 2000 indicated that the male-to-female ratio of one to four year old is 120.8 or 100.0. This suggests that approximately 12...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

One-Child Policy

.... It has resulted abnormal sex ration and it is expected that there would be 30 million more men than women by 2020! It is also believed that spacing birth would have yielded same result as the policy. Most importantly, dependency of elderly population on young generation has significantly increased which could ultimately impact their overall welfare. (words: 531) Critical Evaluation The one child policy was an important initiative to control burgeoning population which was already under huge pressure from many spheres of public good. The over population not only increases dependency on the state and increases overhead costs, it also adversely...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Chinas One Child Policy

...the grassroots level people to vigorously contribute to the nation’s current favorable global economic environment. The policy change was expected. The government leaders during the 1950s, 1960s were most soldiers. During Deng Xiaping’s 1980s, Chairman Deng Xiaoping persuaded China’s engineers to help in the political management of China’s growing population. Starting in 1990, the government leaders were composed of economics and public administration graduates. The graduates were managing China’s control of the normal Chinese citizen’s lives (Chen 403). China’s one child policy created a gender imbalance in China (Li,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

One-child Policy

.... The policy also gave rise to a huge number of cases of unreported birth. The increasing number of female infanticide over the years has led to gender imbalance in the countries. This is an obvious concern for the government as the social balance is hampered due to these consequences of the one-child policy (Greenhalgh 57). Looking at the arguments and counter arguments for the one-child policy, the alternative policy measures could also be reviewed by the policy makers which could help to achieve the same results over a longer period of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

One-child policy in china

...hard towards reforming this policy. Works Cited Alton, David. China and One Child. The Human Life Review. 2013, pp. 114-116. Cai, Ong. China's Below-Replacement Fertility: Government Policy or Socioeconomic development. Population and Development Review, 2010, 36(3): 419-440. Chen, Xuefeng. The Social Impact of China’s One-Child Policy.Harvard Asia Pacific Review, pp. 74-76. China Reforms: One-Child Policy to Be Relaxed. BBC News, China. 2013. Green, Lawrence W. Promoting the One-Child Policy in China....
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Chinas One Child Policy

...number of offspring to provide an economic security blanket (Fong 1)." Another purpose of the initiative is to help the country "leapfrog from a Third-World economy to a First-World economy by mimicking the First World fertility and educational patterns." The One Child Policy has a great impact in China. The Taipei Times report that it leaves the country with a huge shortage of women. During 1982, China's gender ratio had stayed relatively normal with 100 girls for every 108 boys. In 2002, however, there has been an imbalance brought about the One Child Policy driving down the number of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Chinas One Child Policy

...that if these people had been born, the current infrastructure and social structure in China would be unable to support them and that China would be weaker today. This argument goes to the core of the policy and is one of the main reasons it was implemented in the first place by the Chinese government back in the late 1970s following the period of economic opening led by Deng Xiaping. At the time the policy was implemented by the government there were grave concerns about China being overpopulated and being unable to support its own people. This led some politicians to suggest the one child policy. Another cause was...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

China's One Child Policy

..., an imbalance was observed within the population of the economy, which further increased the differences within the ratios of males and females, resulting in social instability because of gender inequality. Moreover, due to this disparity, an increasing number of male populace is identified to stay bachelors along with an augmenting number of gender harassment instances (BBC, “Province Wants Relaxation of Chinas One-Child Policy”). In What Ways Are The Effects Of This Policy Connected To The Neo-Confucian Family Values Discussed In Chapter 23? Neo-Confucianism is widely considered to be a moral, decent...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Chinas One-Child Policy

...(Christoph, 2010).‎ Environmental Issue: The main reason and environmental science driving the whole policy is considered to be the ‎overpopulation. China covers around one fifth of the world’s population whereas it has quite a ‎lesser proportion when it comes to arable land. ‎ Issues related to one Child Policy: The program or policy has even been considered as the main reason behind the problem prevailing ‎in China nowadays which is the gender imbalance (Fong, 2006).‎ Benefits Due to the One Child Policy: The policy has assisted in...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

One-child policy

..., Mina. “Tipping the Scale: Gender Imbalance in China”. Harvard International Review 30.1 (2008): 10-11. Print. Connor, Steve. “One Child Policy: China’s Army of Little Emperors. The Independent 10 January 2013. Web. 13 April 2013. Greenhalgh, Susan & Winckler, Edwin A. Governing China’s Population. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2005. Print. Perry, Elizabeth J & Selden, Mark. Chinese Society. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. Print. Ross, Kaz. “China and Women’s Liberation: Re-Assessing the Relationship through Population Policies”. Hecate 36.1.2 (2010): 66-72. Print.... of the English of the Concerned 13 April One-Child Policy Introduction As far as the science and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance for FREE!

Contact Us