Nobody downloaded yet

Examples of Power - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Power Complexities in Organizations Name University Power Complexities in Organizations Introduction Change in organizations is affected by many factors with power held by any group really affecting decision making and management in any organization. When one person or group has power, they have the ability to make things happen, either by himself or he gets someone to do it for him…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96% of users find it useful
Examples of Power
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Examples of Power"

Download file to see previous pages If not used properly, problems may arise within an organization. Paul Merchant defines power as the ‘possession of authority and influence over others... a tool that, depending on how it's used, can lead to either positive or negative outcomes in an organization.’ Power relates to the ability to influence or control another’s behavior and action (Zolkiewski). Office politics results to power in a workplace. There are many types of workplace politics and some people enjoy being a part of those in power, while a lot of hate it, given that politics in the workplace being not easy to deal with. Latif, Abideen and Nazar wrote, “in any organization, it is not very difficult to find a person or group(s) indulging to influence decisions to either keep or supplement their personal interests… organizational politics can work either for or against an organization, but sometimes it is dysfunctional due to its potential power to disturb firm’s efficiency and effectiveness” (Latif et. al. 2011). Power is related to control over valued resources and transforms individual psychology such that the powerful think and act in ways that lead to the retention and acquisition of power (Magee and Galinsky, 2008). Organizational processes are influenced by institutionalization of power in organizations. Boonstra and Gravenhorst (1998) stated “that power in formal organizational structures and existing organizational arrangements have been changing dramatically… global competition and deregulation have led many companies to search for new forms of organization. Responsibilities, power, and accountability are being channeled to executives in charge and new forms of employment relations being developed”. Power groups can influence managers and executives (David P. Mills, Ronald M. Cervero, Christine A. Langone and Arthur L. Wilson, 1995) to exclude certain people in an organization from participating in decision making. Paul Merchant identifies five types of power, namely, legitimate power, expert power, referent power, coercive power and reward power. Rosa Krausz (1986) added another type of power to the five, and that is, interpersonal competence. Legitimate power, also known as positional power, is acquired from the position a person holds in an organization's hierarchy. People in organizations who have higher positions who give orders are normally followed by subordinates. In a work place, we normally follow the order given to us by people occupying higher positions than us. Expert power acquired from possessing knowledge or expertise. These people are where other coworkers go to as they are seen as experts in certain fields and can help them in situations in the workplace. While working on a research, we have many people working in a group. Though we work together, each of us have our own expertise. The person we see as having the greatest knowledge about a topic is normally acknowledged as the leader of the group because we know that he can direct the activity better. Referent power is derived from the interpersonal relationships a person cultivates with other people within the organization. This power arises from charisma (Lourdes Munduate and Kilian M. Bennebroek Gravenhorst, 2003), one who influences others through admiration, respect and trust (Marilyn M. Kennedy). Merchant said that this power is derived ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Examples of Power Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Examples of Power Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from
(Examples of Power Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Examples of Power Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words.
“Examples of Power Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Discuss how and why leaders are able to influence their followers. Illustrate your answer by using examples from different power

...the capacity to provide specific reward to deserving individuals. It is the leader’s ability of rewarding those employees, who demonstrate desirable behavior. Some examples of reward power include promotions, pay increase, status symbols, work schedules, bonuses, recognition awards etc. Even a simple privately or publicly admiration for a job done well is considered as reward and can be proved as a beneficial management tool. For instance, if an employee suggested a process enhancement that ultimately saves money of the respective department would be rewarded and in this way, reward power spurs motivation and productivity at workplace. It is human nature to go that ‘extra mile’ for the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Discuss how and why leaders are able to influence their followers. Illustrate your answer by using examples from different power

...? How leaders are able to influence their followers Introduction There is no specific definition of leadership because this concept keeps on varying from one aspect of organizational followers to the other. However, majority of scholars have come to an agreement that leadership is a process by which, a specific person uses his own techniques, traits and skills to influence a group of persons so as to pull together and follow his or her concept of achieving a common goal. In several occasions, leadership has been confused to be synonymous with seniority. However, there has been clear evidence of the existence of powerful leaders with very lower ranks. Besides, some forms of leadership requires inborn traits and this has...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Power the enforcement of any soft law. This creates a system where one dominant view is not able to drown out the competing claims or desires of another without some discussion or vote taking place. Germany, for example, or France, cannot swing its considerable economic muscle to force other nations to agree to trade agreements that might privilege its corporations. In fact, a later example demonstrates exactly what happens when a powerful nation like Germany steps out of line. Competition has been proven to be maintained without rigorous standards. Each issue may be taken on a case by case basis with the prevailing notions decidedly anti-monopoly and pro-competition to foster a sound...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Why is it said that power relationship in organisations entail a Mutual Dependency Provide examples to illustrate

...Why is it said that power relationship in organisations entail a "Mutual Dependency" Provide examples to illustrate. Presented by Onlyhermits have complete freedom as they have no relationships, therefore there is no exchange of power" - Handy 1993 This is a classic statement based on the theory that power is exercised between people and is thus relationship specific. It reiterates the concept that power is a interdependednt phenonmenon. It is indeed needless to say that the above is not the only definition of power. There are other classifications of power (Dahl 1957, Foucault 1980), however inevitably most of them are based on some form relationships or interdependency between those exercising power and those being controlled... in an...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Analysing management and organisation through the medium of film. A critical discussion of organisational culture and [motivation or power] with examples from the film

...A critical discussion of organisational culture and motivation with examples from the film, The Devil Wears Prada Introduction Organizations are physical ‘structures’ where employees from different background will do their allocated work under the direction and supervision of a leader, for the organization’s benefit as well as for their own benefit. These workers like the five different fingers in human’s hand will be different from one another as most of them will have different characteristics, different attitudes, different education, etc, etc. Uniting these different humans and making them work under a common organizational culture will always be a difficult proposition because their differences will mostly lead to singular... to adapt...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Politics is all about gaining and maintaining power. Do you agree Be sure to provide examples and discuss alternative views

...that a leader "...must stick to the good so long as he can, but, being compelled be necessity, he must be ready to take the way of the evil."(Machiavelli, 63). My objective in this essay is to explore the notion that politics is entirely about gaining and maintaining power, and by citing potential examples, this would come out clearly. CLASSIFICATION OF POWERPower can be classified into three forms. Coercive Power: this involves forcing somebody to act in accordance with ones wish. A prison would be a case in point of a coercive organization. Utilitarian Power: this is the power based on a scheme of rewards or...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Critically discuss the relationship between knowledge and power in one or more of the public institutions i.e (Universities, schools, museums) referring to specific examples or case studies

.... Power and knowledge have always been intimately connected in the institutions of higher learning. Universities all over the world are practicing under the power relations of their societies. For example a number of research activities in the universities are often funded by the industries as well as political institutions holding power. There are a number of cases at the University of Cambridge where the relationship between power and knowledge is displayed. For example knowledge and power have been significantly used together to enhance the freedom of individuals as well as assert discipline on the members of the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Identify the various levels upon which Aristophanes' comedy Lysistrata conveys the power of women. Use examples from the text to support your contentions

...the action and carries the play through giving directions from behind the scenes. Her plan to request the women to go on a sex strike in a bid to get the peace treaty signed, is an immensely bold move for a woman in that time. The fact that she convenes women from various city states in Greece successfully also conveys the power of women. It shows that they can plan something and see it through successfully without backing out. She conveys power of women by carefully instructing and coaching women on how to carry out her plan successfully (Vetter 59). She keeps observing their actions and coaches them step by step on how to overcome the temptation of their husbands. A good example of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Examples of Power

...advice, and followed me not only in this specific technical matter but also in other matters of the department. This is a perfect example of expert power that I have experienced myself. Interview I interviewed Mr. George Atkinson, the CEO of a renowned company. He is a far relative, so I interviewed him at his home. He is a newly appointed CEO, and his talked about his experience of power in his new job position. According to him, power gave him much more responsibility. He felt that he needed to use this power to enhance his interpersonal relationship with his subordinates. Since his company experienced many conflicts, he felt that his new position...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Compare a Presidential Government to a Parliamentary Government. Choose 3 characteristics to compare and critically assess relations of power. Provide examples from the World Stage when possible. Include an introduction and conclusion

...of the country. The president appoints secretaries of cabinet members who assist him or her in running the government. The presidential system of governance has strict separation of powers whereby the executive branch of government is independent from the legislative arm of government. A good example of a presidential system of government is the Federal Government of the United States of America. Buie and Murray (2012) assert that a parliamentary system of governance does not have separation of powers between the legislature and the executive arms of government. The legislature elects a Prime Ministers from the majority party in parliament, who then appoints Cabinet ministers from the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Examples of Power for FREE!

Contact Us