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Different Types of Memory - Essay Example

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From the paper "Different Types of Memory" it is clear that the sensory memory may store information up to a few seconds; the short-term memory may store data up to a few minutes or hours while the long-term memory may store information for a few or a lifetime…
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Different Types of Memory
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Download file to see previous pages Memory loss, usually known as forgetfulness, is referred to as amnesia in medical terms. This paper discusses the different forms of memory and how they coordinate in the brain to ensure that the information is stored based on their particular category.
This form of memory holds sensory information, which may be stored for less than one second after a sense is perceived. A good example of sensory memory is the ability to look at an object and remember what it looked like within a millisecond (Kahana, 2012). The cognitive memory is an automatic response. In situations involving very short presentations, many participants report being able to see more than they can report. The first experiment on the sensory memory system was conducted in 1963 by Sperling George based on the “Partial Report Paradigm.” The experiment involved the presentation of subjects with a grid of 12 letters that were arranged in three rows of four. After a brief period of presentation, the subjects were played a high, medium, and low tone that cued them which of the rows to report. Based on the experiment, it was reported that the sensory memory capacity was in the region of 12 items, but it had a quick rate of degradation (Graf, & Ohta, 2002). Because the form of memory degrades so quickly, the participants would not report all the 12 items. The sensory memory cannot be prolonged following a rehearsal.
Sensory memory is also classified into three: the iconic memory, the haptic memory, and the echoic memory. The iconic memory has a fast rate of degradation of visual information. The type of memory briefly stores an image that has been perceived as only a small duration. The visual memory is classified as visual short-term memory and visual long-term memory. Its components include informational persistence and visible persistence (Graf, & Ohta, 2002).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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