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Networking Technologies, Applications and Issues - Essay Example

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This essay "Networking Technologies, Applications and Issues" discusses the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network that was designed to form a network that would help communication between devices. It also discusses why and how ARPANET changed into the Internet. …
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Networking Technologies, Applications and Issues
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Download file to see previous pages In the past, before the inception of ARPANET, only IBM Mainframes could be connected to each other (Salus, 2008). The first attempts towards forming an inter-network were the activities and planning involved in ARPANET. ARPANET is the abbreviation of the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. It was the primitive form of the modern internet. It was less complex although, it could not facilitate communication between diverse platforms and was constrained in older forms of communication protocol. Slowly and slowly, the scientists developed ARPANET into the gigantic internet with a complex structure but no global control. (Bidgoli, 2004)
ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) was created by a research team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) of the Department of Defense, USA. ARPANET was designed to network computers and devices and used switching technologies of primitive form. However, initiated during the Cold War, ARPANET became the world’s “first operational packet switching network” (Miller et al, 2010). Lawrence Roberts of Lincoln Laboratory was behind the design of advanced packet switching technology. Today, packet switching is the main technique of global data communication. At that time, it was a new concept. Previous to packet switching, data communications were based on circuit switching (a technology used in primitive telephone circuits). Telephone circuit technology utilized dedicated circuits where communication was practicable with a single party at the very far end of the given circuit. So, ARPANET was designed to form a network that would help communication between devices. These devices at first used the circuit switching technique which later developed into packet switching. In the original form, ARPANET was supposed to be a centralized and controlled network environment under the auspices of the Department of Defense, USA.  ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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