StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Nobody downloaded yet

Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
"Conflict between Research and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study" paper states that this study was definitely the moral responsibility of the conducting institute to ensure that the objective of a clinical study is towards achieving a positive research outcome…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.9% of users find it useful
Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study"

Download file to see previous pages The Declaration of Helsinki by the WHO clearly states that in clinical trials involving humans the wellbeing of the subject should be of prime importance than the interest of science or society. This has been stated because at times in order to achieve the objectives of a study the investigators might overlook the welfare of the trial subjects thus jeopardizing their health in the process. According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best-known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study. There have been several trials that have followed unethical means to realize study objective and have become textbook examples of unethical research study, one such study being the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis (Angell, 1997).

The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis is widely considered as one of the most horrific studies in which the basic ethics of conduct has been totally disregarded. The study was based on the hypothesis that black and white people differed in their response to the disease. Before the study was initiated in 1928, the U.S Public Health Services (PHS) had already completed a study in Mississippi in which 25% of the participants who were all black had tested positive for the disease. The PHS intended to expand and continue the study in the rural black population and set up a treatment program with aid from the Julius Rosenwald Fund. Though the study initially intended to improve the health of the African American population by providing doses of metals that were used to treat the disease during that period, the coming of the great depression drastically lowered the funds for the project. And it was then that the PHS decided to conduct a study based on the aforementioned hypothesis that racial variation plays a role in the effects of syphilis. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Essay, n.d.)
Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Essay. https://studentshare.org/humanitarian/1733719-conflict-between-researh-and-ethics-on-the-tuskegee-syphilis-study
(Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Essay)
Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Essay. https://studentshare.org/humanitarian/1733719-conflict-between-researh-and-ethics-on-the-tuskegee-syphilis-study.
“Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Essay”. https://studentshare.org/humanitarian/1733719-conflict-between-researh-and-ethics-on-the-tuskegee-syphilis-study.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study

...The Tuskegee Syphilis Study The Declaration of Helsinki by the WHO clearly states that in clinical trials involving humans the wellbeing of the subject should be of prime importance than the interest of science or society. This has been stated because at times in order to achieve the objectives of a study the investigators might overlook the welfare of the trial subjects thus jeopardizing their health in the process. According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study. There have...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

The Historical Events Surrounding the Tuskegee Syphilis and the Significance

...?The Tuskegee syphilis study remains one of the most infamous medical experiments that grossly violated medical ethics and human rights of American citizens. While commemorating the sad historical event in the history of the United States in 1997, the former president Bill Clinton on behalf of the government apologized to the survivors and regretted that the experiment was racist and immoral(CDC, 2009). Tuskegee syphilis experiment took forty years, from 1932 to 1972, though it was initially designed to take six months. The United States Public Health Service undertook the study in the Alabama in the Macon County. According to CDC (2009), the study involved 399 men infected with syphilis and 201 were not infected. Most selected men...
3 Pages(750 words)Article

The sludge tested as lead-poisoning fix research study and Tuskegee syphilis study

The sludge tested as lead-poisoning fix research study was carried out by Baltimore scientists who wanted to find out whether fertilizer made from human and industrial wastes would be effective in protecting children from lead poisoning in black neighborhoods. They wanted to testify this tenet would be applicable in the real life situation. The study concluded that phosphate and iron that were present in the soil had the ability to trap harmful metals, lead included, causing the combination to pass safely through a child’s body if ingested (Heilprin and Vineys). The infamous Tuskegee syphilis study was set up in Alabama to study the progress of untreated syphilis amongst the participants. They were mainly concentrating on the poor...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Conflict Between Research and Ethics

These are countered though by the Nuremberg Code, the Declaration of Helsinki and the acts of the American and other medical associations.
The world has been beset and besieged by various viruses and ailments that up to now remedies and cures are not yet available despite medical interventions and researches. While scientists have yet to find a cure for cancer and AIDS, mutated and virulent strains of viruses have cropped up to claim numerous lives while helpless governments watch in desperation as their citizens fall prey to these esoteric diseases. In 1918, Swine Flu made its ghastly entrance in Fort Riley, USA and immediately worked to wipe out half a million people. It reappeared in Russia in 1933 and in 1976 went ba...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Tuskegee syphilis experiment

Search the internet for a site that you find useful and provide the link to your classmates. Along with the link, give a brief synopsis of why you chose this site (i.e., what it contains, why it's useful).
One of the most important and highly useful websites in the field of immunology is www.iuisonline.org. It contains the information on activities of International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) related to the research and basic information on immunology. IUIS is the umbrella organization for many of the regional and national societies of immunology through out the world. This site is useful in providing information on organizing international cooperation on immunology, and in providing communication between immunolo...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Syphilis

... Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Treponema pallidum. Its epidemiology has shown some changes especially its association with HIV, yet it is still a major health problem. Congenital syphilis is associated with high infant mortality and morbidity. Clinically syphilis passes into stages, primary, secondary, tertiary and latent syphilis. Penicillin is still the mainstay of treatment although there are alternatives. Syndromic treatment should be focused upon in countries where no diagnosis facilities are available. 1. Introduction The first report of a syphilis epidemic was in the mid 1490s when it occurred among French soldiers laying siege to Naples. Many famous historical characters thought to have died...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

The Legal and Ethical Issues in the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

...The Legal and Ethical Issue Dealing with the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment The Legal and Ethical Issue Dealing with Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment All kinds of research require ethical issues because the research process brings a lot of tension between the rights of participants to maintain privacy, and the aims of the research especially when making generalizations for the benefit of others. In order to consider ethical issues in public health research and practice, we must acknowledge the legacy of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. This is because the Tuskegee Syphilis study invokes the images, as well as reflects the ideas needed by the public health workers to provide services and conduct research (Jones, 1993). In addition, Tuskegee...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

...The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Introduction Allan M. Brandt wrote an article in which he wished to highlight racism in research. In this article, Allan Brandt wished to show to the world the enduring racism in American society. According to Allan Brandt, the Tuskegee study occurred from 1932-1972 in which subjects were involved in studies on syphilis, and then left untreated. According to Allan Brandt, this study was a shame to American medical research. Brandt states that 400 men, in Alabama, died as public officials and doctors watched, in a scientific study that did not produce meaningful information about syphilis. In his article, Allan Brandt implies that the subjects in the test were forced to participate in the study...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Tuskegee Syphilis Study

...History and political Science Inserts His/ Her Inserts Grade Inserts (03, 12, Tuskegee Syphilis Study The United States initiated a study on the effects of syphilis if not treated. The study subjects involved the African American men. The study was viewed to be unethical and racist and had an impact on the attitudes of the African American community. This paper will analyze information from journals and books on the effects of Tuskegee Syphilis Study. It will discuss the ethical factors surrounding the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and its influence to the African American Community during the time. Tuskegee Syphilis Study was done in Alabama in the United States between 1932 and 1972. There were 600 subjects, all who were African American men...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Researh study

... Number; “Research Report on Police Shootings of Unarmed Civilians’’ Terms of the Study: The survey was conducted on a segment of the population mostly comprising the white, blacks and Hispanics population of the Americans leaving in the affected areas. I was assigned to target the more whites (three) since I’m one of them and one African American and one Hispanic (Survey Questions). This had a positive impact on the research as the respondents easily associated with me and hence the research. The survey was supported with a closed ended questionnaire with a few questions being left open for the respondent opinion. The target populations were of all races living in the affected neighborhood and were the ones administered...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study for FREE!

Contact Us