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Hard and Soft Human Resource Management - Essay Example

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This paper under the following headline 'Hard and Soft Human Resource Management" focuses on the fact that it is possible to trace back the earliest forms of human resource management back to the time when people first started living in groups and societies. …
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Hard and Soft Human Resource Management
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Extract of sample "Hard and Soft Human Resource Management"

Download file to see previous pages Moving towards industrialization was more intensive and in search of higher profits and competitive advantage, it became inevitable to recognize the importance of their human resource. Moreover, factors like increasing demand for labour, questionable workplace conditions, workplaces deaths, weakening the concept of paternalism, led to the foundation of personnel or human resource management as separate departments or field of study. Nevertheless, Human Resource Management has witnessed strong evolution for many decades. It has been able to attract the attention of many critics and has created a heated debate, at times even on its basic ideologies and purpose. Without any doubts, these diverse opinions, beliefs, debates, arguments, models, and perspectives have added to the growth of this field (Köster, pp. 169-178, 2007).

This paper is an attempt to explore and examine what it really means by the hard and soft model of Human Resource Management. Despite the fact that managers from all around the world boldly claim to have understood the distinction between these two, but at the same time, loads of companies and their managers have appeared to be working under the two models simultaneously. The paper also aims at finding the reasons and consequences of the same.

The hard approach or the Michigan model asks the managers to adopt a very instrumental, rational, quantitative calculative and practical approach and view their employees as passive resources that need to be exploited in order to add value to the overall organizational output and gain a competitive advantage in the marketplace. It regards employees as human capital, their salaries as investments and the goal of the business, is to maximize the return on investment (Köster, pp. 169-178, 2007).
Many experts believe that these are basic and fundamental functions of Human resource that remain in the spotlight under the umbrella of the hard approach of human resource management.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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