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Main Aspects of Organizational Behaviour - Case Study Example

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The author of this case study "Main Aspects of Organizational Behaviour " describes the organizational behavior of Lesley Watt. This paper outlines factors affecting attitude, human relations approach depicted by Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Herzberg's dual model hypothesis, Vroom’s expectancy theorem, and Adam’s equality theory all illustrate Lesley’s situation at Whinslo Ltd. …
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Main Aspects of Organizational Behaviour
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Download file to see previous pages Lesley has therefore now in her second year engaged in truancy, unlike her maiden year when she worked ardently in her duties to ‘justify’ her been unappreciated. She has since ceased presenting new ideas and is now ardently scouting for a new job.
Historically, the nature of work has shifted from manufacturing to service. This has led to a gradual shift from the traditional functional role of life-time workers in the industrial bureaucracy epitomized in Fredrick Taylor's scientific model to contemporary employees who are self-motivated and technologically mobile-savvy employees. The Hawthorne Studies conducted at the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company in Chicago from 1924 to 1932 led by Elton Mayo introduced the Human Relations Approach to management, which spawned the ideals of Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Y; Frederick Herzberg’s dual-factor Motivation-Hygiene Model Of Management; Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs model (theory z); and John Stacey Adam (1962) Equity Theory.
Abraham Maslow (1943) through his hierarchy of needs (physiological, safety, social, ego, and self- actualizing) model, was the first to develop a hypothesis of motivation based on a contemplation of human needs. This theorem was founded on three presumptions, namely: human needs are never wholly fulfilled; secondly, human need is resolute and is driven by a need for fulfillment; and thirdly, human needs can be categorized according to a hierarchical structure of significance from the lowest to highest. For an individual to be motivated, the lower level of needs must be satisfied to attain or reach higher needs (Turgeon, 2004). In the first category physiological needs, Maslow (1943) groups all material needs essential for sustaining fundamental personal welfare fall into this grouping. Secondly are safety needs: which include vital protection, stability, safety, and liberty from trepidation. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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